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The t and_the_d_sounds_in_english

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The t and_the_d_sounds_in_english

  1. 1. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English A Pronunciation Lesson compiled by Rita Simons Santiago
  2. 2. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English The mouth position is the same for both the /t/ and /d/. Pronuncian
  3. 3. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English The /t/ is pronounced by placing the tip of the tongue behind the teeth on the roof of the mouth, stopping the flow of air, and then releasing it. The /t/ is voiceless. The /d/ is pronounced by placing the tip of the tongue behind the teeth on the roof of the mouth, stopping the flow of air, and then releasing it. The /d/ is voiced. The release of air for the /t/ is greater than for the /d/ especially when it is the first sound of a word or the first sound of a stressed syllable.
  4. 4. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English T and D Consonants: American English Pronunciation
  5. 5. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English tab tame tear teen teal tin time ton tune troll dab dame dare dean deal din dime done dune droll Minimal Pairs: Listen and repeat each pair of words. Pay special attention to the first (initial) sound in each word.
  6. 6. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English at bat cat hat it kit lit neat pat sat ad bad cad had id kid lid need pad sad Minimal Pairs: Listen and repeat each pair of words. Pay special attention to the last (final) sound in each word.
  7. 7. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English When the /t/ is between two vowels and not at the beginning of a stressed syllable, it sounds like a soft /d/. water daughter got a matter later a lot of fatter batter wetter Betty l
  8. 8. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English Practice these sentences: What a good idea!   [w'd' güdäi deey'] Put it in a bottle.  [pü di di n' bäd'l] Get a better water heater.  [gedda bedder wäder heeder] Put all the data in the computer.  [püdall the dayd' in the k'mpyuder] Patty ought to write a better letter.  [pædy äd' ride a bedder ledder] 5 Minute English
  9. 9. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English With -tain, -tten and some TN combinations, the T is held. What does that mean? The mouth position for the /t/ and /n/ are very similar. So... If the /n/ immediately follows /t/, raise your tongue to pronounce the /t/—the tongue is in the /t/ position, but do not pronounce the /t/, but rather release the air with the /n/. In other words, the air is released nasally with the /n/ not with the /t/. 5 Minute English
  10. 10. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English One more thing... Make sure you don't put a vowel sound before the /n/! An important point to remember is that you need a sharp upward sliding intonation up to the "held T," then a quick drop for the N. Listen and repeat the following words: sentence written certain forgotten 5 Minute English
  11. 11. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English Now try pronouncing these sentences: He's forgotten the carton of satin mittens. She's certain that he has written it. Martin has gotten a kitten. 5 Minute English
  12. 12. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English The /t/ and /n/ are so close in the mouth that the /t/ can actually disappear as in these words: interview [innerview] international [innernational] advantage [ædvæn'j] percentage [percen'j] 5 Minute English
  13. 13. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English Don't be surprised if you don't even hear the final /t/. It frequently seems to get swallowed up! It wasn't what they thought. The cat swallowed the fat rat. Why didn't she set the hot pot on the cot?
  14. 14. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English The /d/ is also omitted in certain words. When a /d/ occurs after the /n/ and before another consonant sound, the /d/ can be omitted. (pounds) This can be true in the middle of a word (grandmother) or when one word ends with the /d/ and the next word starts with a consonant sound (stand still, find Mike). Pronuncian
  15. 15. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English Listen and repeat these words with the /d/ in the middle of a word: sends pounds errands handsome sandwich Pronuncian
  16. 16. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English Listen and repeat these phrases in which one word ends with the /d/ and the next word starts with a consonant sound: February is the second_month of the year. The game should end_by 10:00. Grandma found_someone to help her. Pronuncian
  17. 17. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English To learn more about the /d/ in the -ed endings of regular past tense verbs, see Rita's The -ed Ending Sounds in English.
  18. 18. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English "All last year we tried to teach him English, and the only word he learned was million." Tommy Lasorda, on baseball pitcher Fernando Valenzuela
  19. 19. The /t/ and /d/ Sounds in English References: 5 Minute English Pronuncian T and D Consonants: American English Pronunciation The Quotations Page

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