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Respiratory system

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Respiratory system

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Respiratory system

  1. 1. Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM PowerPoint® Lecture Slide Presentation by Robert J. Sullivan, Marist College EXCHANGE OF GASES
  2. 2. What is Human Respiration?  The human respiratory system allows one to obtain oxygen, eliminate carbon dioxide.  Breathing consists of two phases, inspiration and expiration  Inspiration- the process of taking in air  Expiration- the process of blowing out air
  3. 3. Human Respiratory System Figure 10.1
  4. 4. Organs in the Respiratory System STRUCTURE FUNCTION nose / nasal cavity  warms, moistens, & filters air as it is inhaled pharynx (throat)  passageway for air, leads to trachea larynx  the voice box, where vocal chords are located trachea (windpipe)  keeps the windpipe "open"  trachea is lined with fine hairs called cilia which filter air before it reaches the lungs bronchi  two branches at the end of the trachea, each lead to a lung bronchioles  a network of smaller branches leading from the bronchi into the lung tissue & ultimately to air sacs alveoli  the functional respiratory units in the lung where gases are exchanged
  5. 5. Components of the Upper Respiratory Tract Figure 10.2
  6. 6.  Passageway for respiration  Receptors for smell  Filters incoming air to filter larger foreign material  Moistens and warms incoming air  Resonating chambers for voice Upper Respiratory Tract Functions
  7. 7. Components of the Lower Respiratory Tract Figure 10.3
  8. 8.  Functions:  Larynx: maintains an open airway, routes food and air appropriately, assists in sound production  Trachea: transports air to and from lungs  Bronchi: branch into lungs  Lungs: transport air to alveoli for gas exchange Lower Respiratory Tract
  9. 9. Gas Exchange Between the Blood and Alveoli Figure 10.8A
  10. 10. Respiratory Cycle Figure 10.9
  11. 11. http://teachhealthk-12.uthscsa.edu/studentresources/AnatomyofBreathing3.swf
  12. 12. Measurement of Lung Capacity Figure 10.10A
  13. 13. Malfunctions & Diseases of the Respiratory System asthma severe allergic reaction characterized by the constriction of bronchioles  bronchitis inflammation of the lining of the bronchioles emphysema condition in which the alveoli deteriorate, causing the lungs to lose their elasticity pneumonia condition in which the alveoli become filled with fluid, preventing the exchange of gases lung cancer irregular & uncontrolled growth of tumors in the lung tissue
  14. 14.  Breathing (ventilation): air in to and out of lungs  External respiration: gas exchange between air and blood  Internal respiration: gas exchange between blood and tissues  Cellular respiration: oxygen use to produce ATP, carbon dioxide as waste Four Respiration Processes

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