When Brihaspati (Jupiter) Transits through Brish Rashi (Taurus) and Sun Transits SUN MOON through Capricorn (Makar - - ------------------ -Rashi). Mahakumbh is celebrated at Prayag. JUPITER EARTH (Month Magh) Combination for Kumbh at other places
Kumbh happens in every 12 Years at one placeand every 3 Year at rdHaridwar, Prayag, Nasik& Ujjain alternatively.
Fight for Amrit continuedfor 12 Dev Daywhich is equal to humans 12 Years.
At 4th places, where Jayant Son ofLord Indra stopped during the snatchingof Amrit, Jupiter saved the pot fromdemons while Sun insured the safety ofPot and Moon insured that Nectardoes not spill.“When ever these three planets reach thesame degree, Mahakumbh occurs.”
Akhaara’s came into existance with Adiguru Shankracharya establishing 7 Akhara Mahanirvani, Niranjani, Juna, Atal, Avahan, Agni and Anand Akhara with an aim to strengthen the Hindu religion and unite those practicing different rituals, customs and beliefs. Akharas are divided into different camps according to the concept of God they worship. Shiva Akharas for followers of Lord Shiva, Vaishnava or Vairagi Akhara for followers of Lord Vishnu and Kalpwasis for followers of Lord Brahma.
Kumbh Mela is the largest gathering of people for a religious purpose in the world. Millions of people gather on different places for this auspicious occasion. Kumbha is a Sanskrit word for Pitcher, sometimes referred to as the Kalasha.
It is also a zodiac sign in Indian astrology for Aquarius, the sign under which the festival is celebrated. While Mela means a Gathering or a meet, or simply a fair.
Kumbh Mela in Hinduism is celebrated four times every 12 years, the site of the observance rotating between four pilgrimage places on four Sacred Rivers:
Haridwar UjjainGanges River Shipra RiverPrayag (Allahabad)Confluence of the NasikGanges, Jamuna (popularlyknown as Yamuna), and Godavari Riverthe mythical RiverSarasvati.
Famous ancient traveller, Hiuen Tsiang of China, was the first to mention Kumbha Mela in his diary. His diary mentions the celeberation of 75 days of Hindu Month Of Magha (January-february), Which Witnessed Half A Million Devotee Including Sadhus, Common Man, Rich & Famous & Kings.
For each site Kumbh Mela comes in every 12 years.Each site’s celebration is based on particular zodiacal positions of “The sun, the moon, and jupiter”The holiest time occurring at the exact moment these zodiacal conditions are fulfilled. Bathing at this moment is believed to generate the greatest religious merit, but the Kumbh time isregarded as being so holy that other bathing days aredesignated weeks or even months before and after this climatic time.
Naga Sadhus The most important features ofKumbh Mela are Furious And Exotic, Covered In Ash,Matted Hairs And Are Known As PreserverOf Faith.Naga Akhadas (where naga sadhu gathers for thisoccasion) are the most important historical figures of Kumbha Mela. Naga Sadhus are people who made their living as mercenary soldier and traders.
Apart from the akhadas, attendees at the KumbhMela come from all sections of Hindu religiouslife. Ranging from sadhus (holy men), who remainnaked year-round or practice the most severephysical discipline, to hermits, who leave theirisolation only for these pilgrimages, and even tosilk-clad teachers using the latest technology
At Prayag Kumbha to bath in the holy river Ganges where it meets with another holy Yamuna river and Saraswati confluence is the holiest.Bathing in the holy waters at this auspicious time is said to wash away your karmic debt.Therefore, it is literally a shortcut to spiritual liberation (moksha), the liberation from the cycle of birth and death.
Mentions have been made about the Kumbha Mela in the Brahma Purana and Vishnu Purana,which clearly state that a person who performs the bathing ceremony during the month of Magh at Prayag (Allahabad) derives manifold benefits, which surpasses the reward obtained by performing numerous Ashvamedha ritual.
The major event of the festival is ritual bathing at the banks of the river Ganges, Jamuna (Yamuna), and Sarasvati. Other activities include religiousdiscussions, devotional singing, mass feeding of holy men and women and the poor, and religious assemblies where doctrines are debated andstandardized. Kumbh Mela is the most sacred of all the pilgrimage.
Indra, the King of Devatas, while riding on an elephant, came across a sage named Durvasa who offered him a specialgarland. Indra accepted the garland, placing it on the trunk of the elephant. The elephant, irritated by the smell of thegarland, threw it to the ground. This enraged the sage as thegarland was a dwelling of Sri (fortune) and was to be treated as prasada. Durvasa Muni cursed Indra and all devas to be bereft of all strength, energy, and fortune .
In battles that followed this incident, Devas were defeated and Asuras (demons) led by king Bali gained control of the universe. Devas sought help from god Vishnu who advisedthem to treat asuras in a diplomatic manner. Devas formed analliance with asuras to jointly churn the ocean for the nectar ofimmortality and to share it among them. However, Lord Vishnu told Devas that he would arrange that they alone obtain the nectar
The churning of the Ocean of Milk or the Milky Way was anelaborate process. Mount Mandarachala was used as thechurning rod, and Vasuki, the king of serpents, became thechurning rope The demons (asuras) demanded to hold thehead of the snake, while the demigods (devas), taking advicefrom Vishnu, agreed to hold its tail. As a result the demonswere poisoned by fumes emitted by Vasuki.
Despite this, the demigods and demons pulled back and forth on the snakes body alternately, causing the mountain to rotate, which in turn churned the ocean.However, once the mountain was placed on the ocean, it began to sink. Vishnu in his second incarnation, in the form of a turtle Kurma, came to their rescue and supported the mountain on his back.
During the Samudra Manthan by the gods and demons, one of the product emerged from the churning was a dangerous poison (Halahala). This terrified the gods and demons because thepoison was so toxic that it might have destroyed all of creation. On the advice of Vishnu, the gods approached Shiva for help and protection.
Out of compassion for living beings, Shiva swallowed thepoison in an act of self-sacrifice.However, his consort Parvati who was looking on, terrifiedat the thought of his impending death, prevented the poisonfrom descending into his body.Thus the poison was stuck in Shivas throat with nowhere togo, and it was so potent that it changed the color of Shivasneck to blue. For this reason, he is also called Nilakanta(the blue-throated one; "neela" = "blue", "kantha" = "throat"in Sanskrit).When the heat from the poison had become unbearableShiva is supposed to have used his trishul to dig for waterforming the Gosaikunda lake.
All kinds of herbs were cast into the ocean and14 Ratnas (gems or treasures) were producedfrom the ocean and were divided between asurasand gods. Though usually the Ratnas areenumerated as 14, the list in the scriptures rangesfrom 9 to 14 Ratnas. According to the quality ofthe treasures produced, they were accepted byVishnu, the devas, and the asuras. There werethree categories of Goddesses which emergedfrom the ocean;
Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune and Wealth - Lakshmi accepted by Vishnu as His eternal consort. Apsaras, various divine nymphs like Rambha, Apsaras Menaka(wife of indra), Punjikasthala, etc. - given to the demigods. Varuni or Sura, goddess and creator of alcohol - Sura taken - somewhat reluctantly (she appeared dishevelled and argumentative) - by the demons.
Likewise, three types ofsupernatural animals appeared; Kamadhenu or Surabhi (sanskrit:kā madhuk), the wish-granting divine cow - taken by Vishnu, and given to sages so ghee from her milk could be used in sacrifices. Airavata, and several other elephants, taken by Airavata Indra, leader of the devas. Uchhaishravas, the divine 7-headed horse - Uchhaishravas given to the demons.
Additionally produced were; Kaustubha, the most valuable jewel in the world, worn by Vishnu Parijat, the divine flowering tree with blossoms that never fade or wilt - taken to Indraloka by the devas. A powerful bow - symbolic of the demons belligerence.
Additionally produced were; Chandra, the moon which adorned Shivas head Chandra Dhanvantari, the doctor of the gods with Amrita Dhanvantari the nectar of immortality. (At times, considered as two different Ratnas) Halahala, the poison swallowed by Shiva Halahala Shankha Vishnus conch Jyestha - the goddess of misfortune the umbrella taken by Varuna the earrings given to Aditi, by her son Indra Tulasi plant Nidra or sloth
Finally, Dhanvantari, the heavenly physician, emerged with a pot containing Amrita, the heavenly nectar ofimmortality. Fierce fighting ensued between Devas and Asuras for the nectar.
TheNagaSadhus areone such, whonever wear anycloth and aresmeared in ash.They have longmatted hairs andare not at allaffected by theextremes of heatand cold.
Urdhwavahus,who believe inputting the bodythrough severeausterities.Parivajakas,who have taken avow of silence andgo about tinklinglittle bells to getpeople out of theirway.
Shirshasinsstand all 24 hoursand meditate forhours standing ontheir heads.Kalpvasis arewho spend entiremonth of Kumbhon the banks ofGanga, mediating,performing ritualsand bathing thricea day.
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