Phobias
Phobia: the persistent & irrational
fear of an object or situation
• Phobias are an anxiety disorder
• Males & females are equally likely to
have a phobia
– Males are more likely to get tre...
• It is possible to have multiple phobias
• Phobias can be genetic &
environmentally learned
• Phobias are the most common...
Signs & Symptoms
• Common Signs & Symptoms:
– Trembling
– Sweating
– Shortness of breath
– Rapid heartbeat
– Fainting
– Choking sensation
–...
Types of Phobias
• classified by the object/situation the
patient reacts to or avoids
• There are three main types of Phobias
1. Social Pho...
Social Phobias
• Fear of being humiliated and
embarrassed
• Anxiety is felt before, during, and after
the outing/ event
• ...
Specific Phobias
• Feared object is not harmful under
normal conditions
• Examples:
– Astraphobia –fear of thunder and lig...
Specific Phobias cont.
• There is a wide range of feared objects, some
are rare
• Examples:
– Aulophobia – the fear of flu...
Agoraphobia
• A phobic attack in a place where
escape is difficult or embarrassing
– Crowded areas including elevators, st...
Solutions & Treatment
• Not all phobias need treatment
• Any drugs which are prescribed are to
help aid the signs & symptoms and do
not actually...
Sources
• http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/phobias.h
tml
• http://www.helpguide.org/mental/phobia_sym
ptoms_types_treatm...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Phobias

1,397 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,397
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
73
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Phobias

  1. 1. Phobias
  2. 2. Phobia: the persistent & irrational fear of an object or situation
  3. 3. • Phobias are an anxiety disorder • Males & females are equally likely to have a phobia – Males are more likely to get treatment • 12% of Americans have a Phobia
  4. 4. • It is possible to have multiple phobias • Phobias can be genetic & environmentally learned • Phobias are the most common psychiatric illness among women • Alcoholics are more likely to develop a phobia
  5. 5. Signs & Symptoms
  6. 6. • Common Signs & Symptoms: – Trembling – Sweating – Shortness of breath – Rapid heartbeat – Fainting – Choking sensation – Chest pain – Nausea – Dizziness – Avoidance
  7. 7. Types of Phobias
  8. 8. • classified by the object/situation the patient reacts to or avoids • There are three main types of Phobias 1. Social Phobia 2. Specific Phobia 3. Agoraphobia
  9. 9. Social Phobias • Fear of being humiliated and embarrassed • Anxiety is felt before, during, and after the outing/ event • Examples: Public speaking(glossophobia), meeting people(Anthropophobia), and using a public restroom(Paruresis)
  10. 10. Specific Phobias • Feared object is not harmful under normal conditions • Examples: – Astraphobia –fear of thunder and lightening – Aerophobia –fear of flying – Cynophobia –fear of dogs – Acrophobia –fear of heights
  11. 11. Specific Phobias cont. • There is a wide range of feared objects, some are rare • Examples: – Aulophobia – the fear of flutes – Catoptrophobia – the fear of mirrors – Cacophobia – the fear of ugliness – Ereuthphobia – the fear of red – Nelophobia – the fear of glass – Pogonophobia – the fear of beards
  12. 12. Agoraphobia • A phobic attack in a place where escape is difficult or embarrassing – Crowded areas including elevators, streets, and churches • Generally developed over a series of panic attacks • Approx. 1.8 million Americans/year
  13. 13. Solutions & Treatment
  14. 14. • Not all phobias need treatment • Any drugs which are prescribed are to help aid the signs & symptoms and do not actually cure the phobia itself • Therapy is the most efficient manner of treating a phobia
  15. 15. Sources • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/phobias.h tml • http://www.helpguide.org/mental/phobia_sym ptoms_types_treatment.htm • http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healt hcare_services/mental_health/mental_health_ about/phobias/Pages/index.aspx • www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/ss/slideshow- phobias • http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1448/ mainpageS1448P0.html

×