RHODE ISLAND WINDPOWER RESOURCEASSESSMENTAnnette GrilliOcean EngineeringUniversity Of Rhode Islandagrilli@egr.uri.eduTeam: Ocean Engineering Student: Christopher O’Reilly GIS: Christopher Damon Wind Field data: John Merrill, GSO Birds assessment : Peter Patton and Kristopher Winiarski Senior Advisor: Malcolm Spaulding Outreach: CRC team , Teresa Crean and Jennifer Mc Cann
Conceptual Framework for Energy ResourceAssessment Source: Assessment of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Technology: Interim Letter Report http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13202
Vertical Profile And Shear CoefficientReport to the Virginia Offshore Wind Development Authority (VOWDA)Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy December 7, 2010
Practical Wind Power Social constraints Ecosystem Technological Services Constraints Constraints Environmental constraints Wind Power
Ecosystem Services • Food:Agriculture, Aquaculture • Energy Resources Cost Provisioning • Services • Other goods Social cost • Recreation Environmental • Aesthetics Cultural cost • Historic • Cultural Wind Power (WP) Technological cost • Biological regulation • Biodiversity maintenance Regulating • Endangered species maintenanceReference: Karen McLeod and Heather Leslie (2009)Modified .
Wind Farm Siting Index Exclusionary Typology of zones Assess the open space sensitivity of E.G: ZONES each zone to Set back rules Resources and or wind farm constraints Noise • Airport restriction impact optimization Flicker area (FAA) Social and Environmental WIND FARM WIND FARM Visual Impact Landscape IMPACT SITING INDEX Regions ZONES User Input Tolerance level
Wind Farm Impact Zones Homogeneous area • E.g: Forest zone • Regulating: • Biodiversiy Ecosystem • Integrity/No Fragmentation services • Cultural: • Recreation Ecosystem • Maximum value = services Destruction of the ecosystem service sensitivity to • Minimum value = No impact wind farm