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Oregon Marine Spatial Planning Overview and Update Paul Klarin



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Oregon Marine Spatial Planning Overview and Update Paul Klarin

  1. 1. Oregon Marine Spatial Planning Overview and Update Paul Klarin, Marine Program Coordinator Department of Land Conservation and Development May 2012
  2. 2. Where We Started
  3. 3. WAKE UP CALL!!!
  4. 4. Oregon’s MSP Progress How we got here: Governor’s Executive Order - March 2008 Oregon FERC MOU - March 2008 TSP Part 5 Adopted - November 2009 President’s Executive Order – June 2009 Oregon BOEMRE Task Force – March 2011 Marine Reserves System – May 2012
  5. 5. Oregon’s Ocean Management Program Statewide Land Use Ocean Resources Planning Program Management Program ORS 197 ORS 196 Ocean Policy Goal 19 Advisory Ocean Resources Council State Agency Territorial Authorities Sea Plan
  6. 6. FERC – Wave Energy BOEMRE
  7. 7. Goal 19 Ocean Resources  “conserve marine resources and ecological functions for the purpose of providing long- term ecological, economic, and social value and benefits”  “conserve marine resources and ecological functions for the purpose of providing long- term ecological, economic, and social values and benefits and to give higher priority to the protection of renewable marine resources--i.e., living marine organisms-than to the development of non-renewable ocean resources.”
  8. 8. Goal 19 Ocean Resources Requires: PROTECT: Renewable Marine Resources – i.e. Living Marine Organisms  Biological Diversity & Functional Integrity of the Marine Ecosystem - Important Marine Habitat  Areas Important to Fisheries – commercial and recreational – sector and port  Beneficial Uses: Navigation, Recreation, Food Production, Aesthetic, Seafloor Uses.
  9. 9. “Oregon places special emphasis on conserving renewable ocean resources because these are expected to provide greater long-term benefits to the state from food production, recreation, aesthetic enjoyment, navigation, and ecosystem stability than non- renewable marine resources.” Part One of the Oregon Territorial Sea Plan
  10. 10. Oregon Territorial Sea Plan Part One: Ocean Management Goals The overall ocean management goal of the State of Oregon is to: Conserve the long-term values, benefits, and natural resources of the nearshore ocean and the continental shelf. To achieve this goal, the State of Oregon will:  1. give higher priority to the protection of renewable marine resources than to the development of non-renewable ocean resources;  2. support development of ocean resources that is environmentally sound and economically beneficial to coastal communities and the state;  3. protect the diversity of marine life, the functions of the marine ecosystem, the diversity of marine and estuarine habitats, and the overall health of the marine environment; and  4. seek the conservation of ocean resources within the larger marine region that is of ecologic and economic interest to the State of Oregon.
  11. 11. Research Instrumentation
  12. 12. Recreation
  13. 13. Aesthetic Enjoyment
  14. 14. Biogeographic Assessment Approach Biogeographic Assessment Approach Biogeographic Example Integrated Products to Aid Data Layers Biogeographic Analyses* Management * Specific analyses targeted to management needs Analytical Products to Meet Management Objectives Combine Biogeographic Layers for Analysis Defining and analyzing existing conditions Imagery Patterns of Human Use Bottom Type Defining and analyzing future conditions Bathymetry Oceanography Threatened Evaluate alternative Habitats management strategies (e.g. zoning) Species Distributions (many layers) NOAA Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment - Biogeography Branch
  15. 15. Overview: Geospatial Analysis to derive Areas Protected by Goal 19 Data Layers Goal 19 Criteria Intersected Areas of Biological Identify Areas of Existing Uses or Areas for with the or Ecological Importance. Importance to Fisheries special management. Planning Grid + + + B&E Exclusion Areas Fishery Exclusion Areas Current Use or Management Exclusion Areas Areas of Opportunity (to be evaluated) + + + = ????’s Areas of Protection under Goal 19
  16. 16. MarineMap – Coming up Next! Http:// Acknowledgements: Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife, Oregon Dept. of Land Conservation and Development, Ecotrust, Oregon Wave Energy Trust
  17. 17. Planning Grid Overlays Started Here Summary Map Layers + GIS Public Input Data LCDC TSPAC TSP OPAC Public Input Work Group Resource Use Public Input Goal 19 Public Input Draft Areas Areas Plan
  18. 18. Outline:  Draft Plan  Framework – Area Definition  Area composition (Draft)  Marine Recreation Conservation Area  Visual Assessment Analysis Framework  Overlay OWET Feasibility Map
  19. 19. Draft Recommendation for TSP Amendment Marine Renewable Marine Conservation Marine Resource Use Marine Resource Energy Exclusion Area Management Area Development Area Area Objective: To Objective: Protect Objective: To identify protect existing important, unique, or Objective: To maintain areas of least use permitted uses vulnerable Goal 19 the long term use and conflict for the and special ocean resources or health of the area by development of management uses. managing for a broad Marine Renewable areas under Goal range of Goal 19 ocean Energy Facilities. 19 Ocean resources and uses. Resources. Area identified for the protection of Goal 19 Minimize the impacts of Resources. Any Maintain the status quo for development to existing development in this users of the environment. users and the natural No development of area must demonstrate Demonstrate that the resources remains, This marine renewable no reasonably proposed use of the area area has been identified energy will be foreseeable adverse will not conflict with the for testing and permitted in these effect to the identified existing users, or have developing marine distinct areas. Goal 19 resources. significant adverse effect renewable energy. to the Goal 19 resources or uses within the area. Screening standards Visual Resource Overlay - Impact Assessment Analysis applied across all areas Marine Recreation Overlay Area Will not be permitted. Higher Permit Standards Lower
  20. 20. Marine Renewable Energy Exclusion Zones Objective: To protect already Resource Inventory permitted uses and special Layers Included: management areas under • Dredge Material Disposal Sites • Commercial Shipping Lanes Goal 19. (Deep & Shallow draft) • Coastal Discharge Outfalls • Coastal National Wildlife Refuges  No MRE development will • OR Islands National Wildlife Refuges • Research Cables and be allowed Infrastructure • Existing State Designated Marine Managed Areas • Undersea Telecommunication Cables • Existing Marine Renewable Energy Permits • Ocean Outfalls
  21. 21. Marine Conservation Area Objective: To protect unique, Resource Inventory important, or vulnerable Goal Layers Included: 19 resources or uses • Areas of Greatest Importance to Fisheries • Ocean Recreation  Any MRE development must Hotspots • Kelp Beds demonstrate no adverse effects to • Subtidal Rocky Reef identified Goal 19 resources or • • Rock Shores Habitat Pinniped Haulout uses. • Steller Sea Lion Critical Habitat • Nesting Seabird Colonies • Snowy Plover Critical Habitat • Level I Marxan (core hotspots)
  22. 22. Marine Resource Use Management Area Objective: To maintain the long term use and health of the area by a broad range of Goal 19 uses and Resource Inventory resources. Layers Included:  Maintain the status quo for Goal • Oceanographic Research 19 uses and resources. Any MRE • Crabber Tugboat Agreement lanes development must demonstrate • • Ocean Recreation Gray Whale Foraging Area no significant adverse effects, to • • Marbled Murrelet Foraging Level II Marxan (core hotspots) the extent possible, to those • Areas of Great Importance to Fisheries resources or uses.
  23. 23. Marine Resource Development Area Objective: Indicates an area of least use conflict for the development of Marine Renewable Energy Facilities.  While the goal of minimizing the Resource Inventory impacts of development to Goal Layers Included: 19 uses and resources remains, • Navigational Aides this is an area that has been • Inactive Dredge Material Disposal Sites identified for the testing and development of marine renewable energy.
  24. 24. Marine Recreation Conservation Area Overlay Proposal: To include a shoreline to 300m offshore zone that would serve as a plan overlay for the review of adverse effects to the existing shoreline and ocean recreation community. Designed to cover shore-land bound marine recreation activities.  Proposed criteria to apply to this overlay:  project has significant adverse impact IF: ○ access is denied or impeded, ○ there are safety/health issues or ○ if there would be reasonable foreseeable adverse impacts/effects on the natural environment that the recreational community depends upon (like beach users depend on the beach, could be impacted by sediment transport issues...increased erosion etc.)  within this area, need to use best available data (e.g., OPRD data for beach, locations of state parks and other recreation areas)
  25. 25. Visual Impact Assessment Analysis Overlay The visual impact assessment framework by OPRD will serve as a model framework for the evaluation of impacts.  In the planning phase of work, all view shed sites included in the inventory will be given a class rating  That rating will be used in the regulatory phase to evaluate impacts to any viewpoint in the inventory.
  26. 26. The Planning Phase:  Determine scenic quality • Measure of visual appeal based on key factors: Seascape, vegetation, color, adjacent scenery, scarcity, and cultural modification.  Determine sensitivity • Measure of public concern for scenic quality: type of users, amount of use, public interest, adjacent land use, special areas, and other factors. • Park users are considered to have high user sensitivity.  Determine distance zone • Seascapes divided into distanced zones based on relative visibility from observation points.  Determine visual resource classes • Combination of scenic quality, sensitivity and distance zone
  27. 27. Objectives for Visual Resource Classes  Class I:  Preserve the existing character of the seascape  Does not preclude very limited management activity.  The level of change to the characteristic seascape should be very low and must not attract attention.  Class II:  Retain the existing character of the seascape.  The level of should be low.  Management activities may be seen, but should not attract the attention of the casual observer.  Class III:  Partially retain the existing character of the seascape.  The level of change should be moderate.  Management activities may attract attention but should not dominate the view of the casual observer.  Class IV:  Provide for management activities which require major modifications  The level of change to the characteristic seascape can be high.  Management activities may dominate the view and be the major focus of viewer attention.
  28. 28. The Project Review Phase:  Visual simulations  Contrast evaluation to determine potential impact of project on scenic resources  JART review of contrast evaluation to determine consistency with visual resource class objectives.
  29. 29. To Be Continued…