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Frameworks for the Processes & Outcomes of MSP Stephen B. Olsen



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Frameworks for the Processes & Outcomes of MSP Stephen B. Olsen

  1. 1. Frameworks for the Processes & Outcomes of MSP Simplification in a Context of Complexity Stephen B. Olsen Director, The Coastal Resources Center University of Rhode Island
  2. 2. Why? For Whom? Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is  A complex, lengthy process combining Often extending Politically charged, science, stakeholder over many years often rich in conflicts participation and policy making • Can this complexity be portrayed to – highlight the most essential features of distinct phases? – How best to sequence the many actions? • Can such frameworks encourage transparency and accountability for all concerned? • Be applied at a range of spatial scales and socio-political settings? • And can such frameworks encourage comparison across initiatives and collaborative learning?
  3. 3. Two Frameworks How Why The Ecosystem Governance Cycle The Orders of Outcomes Modeled on the learning cycle Disaggregate the ultimate goal of sustainable forms • designed to emphasize of development into a differences in the nature of each sequence of more tangible phase outcomes • essential actions associated with each phase
  4. 4. Socio-Environmental Systems Ecosystem Governance Ecosystem Good & Services Environmental Societal Domain Domain
  5. 5. Ecosystem Governance The formal and informal arrangements, institutions, and mores that structure and influence: • How resources or an environment are utilized • How problems,opportunities are evaluated, analyzed • What behavior is acceptable or forbidden • What rules & sanctions are applied to affect how natural resources are distributed and used Juda and Hennessey, 2007
  6. 6. Principle Sources and Mechanisms of Governance Market Civil Society Government Economic Legal/Political Social Mechanisms Mechanisms Mechanisms Human Uses of Ecosystems
  7. 7. Progressively larger cycles indicate growth  in scope         GESAMP, 1996
  8. 8. MSP is an Issue‐Driven Process • MSP research should be directed at  the problems and the opportunities  (issues) that the plan and policies will  address • Stakeholders and the public engage in  MSP when it addresses issues that  matter to them • The perceived importance of  individual issues often shifts with  each step
  9. 9. Three Categories of Issues for Ecosystem Governance Environmental threats or declines in 1 ecosystem goods and services Societal needs, desires and conflicts 2 Weaknesses in the governance system 3
  10. 10. Good process does not always  generate the anticipated  outcomes!
  11. 11. The Implementation Gap • Appears when issue analysis, planning,  stakeholder involvement, and governmental  mandates DO NOT • Produce the changes in behavior that signal  implementation of a policy or plan of action AND THERFORE DO NOT GENERATE • The anticipated outcomes
  12. 12. The Orders of Outcomes Framework Assembly of Implementat The Harvest The Ultimate the ion as Achievement Goal Enabling Changes in of Selected Sustainable Conditions Behavior Societal and Forms of Goals Resource Environmenta Ecosystem Constituencies users l Goals Development Capacity Institutions Commitment Investments Time
  13. 13. The Orders of Outcomes Global Scale Regional National Local End Outcomes Intermediate Outcomes First Order: Second Order: Third Order: Fourth Order: Enabling Conditions Changed Behavior Attainment of  Sustainable Ecosystem   Program Goals Conditions & Uses Governmental  commitment: authority,  Changes in behavior of  Some targets for social  A desirable and  funding; institutions and  and/or environmental  dynamic balance  stakeholder groups; qualities maintained,  between social and  Institutional capacity to  restored or improved. environmental  implement; Changes in behaviors  conditions is sustained. directly affecting  Unambiguous goals; resources of concern; Constituencies present at  Changes in investment  local and national levels. strategies. Time Source: Olsen et al., 2006 
  14. 14. The Four 1st Order Enabling Conditions • GOALS for specified environmental and societal outcomes • Supportive and informed CONSTITUENCIES sufficient to generate political will • COMMITMENTS that provide the necessary authorities and resources for implementation • The necessary CAPACITY is present within implementing institutions
  15. 15. The Frameworks are a Basis for  Monitoring and Evaluation • Graduated indicators have been developed for  each element of the 5 step governance cycle and  for each attribute of the 1st, 2nd and 3d Order  Outcomes (UNEP, 2006; LOICZ, 2010) • These indicators can be applied to document  baseline conditions and then periodically track  progress and adaptation • Designed as “scorecards,” these can  – encourage interdisciplinary engagement – promote a transparent process to stakeholders   
  16. 16. Tracking Governance Cycle Actions
  17. 17. Ist Order Preconditions: Goal Definition
  18. 18. Thank You!