SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 27
Download to read offline
Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation


Formal Adoption and Final Products
30 Years of Transnational Cooperaton
Harald Marencic
Common Wadden Sea Secretariat
Wilhelmshaven, Germany




                                       1
Denmark

The Wadden Sea
• Largest unbroken system of tidal flats world wide
• Highly productive ecosystem with natural dynamics

• 10-12 mill. migratory birds pass through the area
• Shared by 3 countries – and well protected




                                                      Germany

                      The Netherlands


                                                                2
Martin Stock


  Martin Stock
Martin Stock



  Norbert Hecker
Jan van de Kam
Outstanding
Universal Value
(OUV)
1. Criteria OUV:
viii: geology, ix: ecological
processes, x: biodiversity

2. Integrity:
10,000 km² represents all
habitats, species and
processes

3. Appropriate Protection
and Management
National Parks/nature
reserves, Wadden Sea
Plan, Monitoring (TMAP)
The Wadden Sea Region
  The Wadden Sea is an area where people
  live, work and recreate.




   About 75,000 inhabitants in the Wadden Sea
   Cooperation Area (on islands).
   About 3.7 million inhabitants on the mainland in
   the Wadden Sea Region
Social and Economic Development
   Harbours
   •   Hamburg: 149 mill. tons/y
   •   Bremerhaven: 74 mill. tons/y
   •   Wilhelmshaven: 40 mill. tons/y
   •   Others (Den Helder, Harlingen,
       Delfzijl/Eeemshaven, Emden, Brake,
       Brunsbüttel, Esbjerg): 24 mill. tons/y
   Fishery
   •   About 500 ships with 1300 employees,
       high local economic relevance;
   •   Landings: 160,000 tons, 110 Mill. Euro
   Agriculture
   •   44,500 farms
   •   1,800 ha agricultural land in use
   •   55,000 employees


                                                Sources: WSF 2004, QSR 2004 & 2009
Social and Economic Development

 Tourism in the Wadden Sea Region

   • 10 million tourists per year
   • About 70 million overnight
     stays
   • 30 – 40 million day trippers
     every year


   Turnover per year:
     2.8 – 5.3 Billion Euro



   Sources: QSR 2004 & 2009
Wadden Sea Cooperation – The History
   1970s
   Pollution, eutrophication, habitat degradation
   Decline of bird and marine mammal populations
   1980s
   Large scale protection schemes and national
   parks – Wadden Sea coast under protection

   1990s
   Ecosystem based management and
   monitoring (TMAP), integrated policies

   2010
   Adaptation to climate change

   2030
   Main issue ?
National Conservation Regimes
  Denmark: 1983 Statutory Order Nature
  and Wildlife Reserve (From 2010: National
  Park)

  Conservation Area
  11,000 km²
 Germany: Federal Nature Protection Law,
 1986 National Park Laws (3 Federal States)

 The Netherlands: 1980 Nature Protection Act,
 Planning Decree Wadden Sea
Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation
   Guiding principle: “to achieve, as far
   as possible, a natural and sustainable
   ecosystem in which natural processes
   proceed in an undisturbed way”.


      Trilateral Cooperation Area
    1982/2010 Joint Declaration on the
    Protection km² Wadden Sea
      14,700 of the
    1987 Common Wadden Sea Secretariat

   1993 Monitoring Programme TMAP

   1997/2010 Wadden Sea Plan

   2009 UNESCO World Heritage Site
Trilateral Management Framework




                                                             Common  Wadden Sea Secretariat
                    MINISTERIAL COUNCIL
              Ministers  of Environment (every 3  years)

                    WADDEN SEA BOARD
            Senior Officials Environmental Ministries, 
                 Advisors (Wadden Sea Forum)
                           2‐times a years

                        TASK GROUPS
          Management, Climate, Shipping, World 
        Heritage, Tourism, Monitoring Expert Groups

        Netherlands          Germany               Denmark
Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan – Formal Adoption
   Strategic „Ecological Targets“ for habitats and
   species (Trilateral Expert Group), adopted 1994

   Draft Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan
   (Task Group Management)
   National public hearings (State and provincial
   authorities, National Park Advisory Boards)

   Final draft Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan
   (Senior Officials of national ministries)

   Adoption Wadden Sea Plan
   (Ministerial Conference 1997,
   Update 2010)
Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan

    Ecological Targets:         Regulations on :
    • Landscape and             • Agriculture
      Culture                   • Fishery
    • Water and Sediment        • Hunting
    • Salt Marshes              • Dredging and dumping
    • Tidal Area (tidal flats   • Sand and clay extraction
      and subtidal gullies)
                                • Tourism
    • Beaches and Dunes
                                • Shipping
    • Estuaries
                                • Energy (wind, gas, oil)
    • Offshore Zone
                                • others
    • Birds
    • Marine Mammals
    • Fish
Tidal Area – “Ecological Targets”

    1. Natural dynamic situation in the tidal area.
    2. An increased area of geomorphological and biologically
       undisturbed tidal flats and subtidal areas.
    3. A natural size, distribution and development of natural
       mussel beds, Sabellaria reefs and seagras fields.
    4. Viable stocks and natural reproduction capacity of marine
       mammals, conservation of habitat quality,
    5. Numbers and distribution of birds, natural breeding
       success, connectivity between habitats, as well as
       breeding, feeding, moulting and roosting sites,
    6. Fish: Viable stocks and natural reproduction, occurrence
       and abundance, habitat quality, connectivity
Tidal Area – Trilateral Policy and Management

   1. Coastal defense: enlargement of dikes outside, sand
      nourishment instead of dikes
   2. Shipping (PSSA), harbors and industry (no new structures)
   3. Closure for wind turbines (but: cables, external),
   4. No mineral extraction,
   5. No mussel fishery on stable beds (high biodiv), food
      reservation policy for birds
   6. Tourism: visitor guidance system, spatial or temporal
      closure of sensitive habitats
   7. Site protection, disturbance (farming, wind energy, air traffic,
      military activities), pollution reduction
Management Mussel Fishery
Management of Tourism: German National Parks
  Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan
  Introducing and applying information
  systems (visitor guidance),
  Temporal and spatial zoning and/or closure
  of ecologically most sensitive areas such
  as bird breeding and moulting areas.




                                                 Schleswig-Holstein NP

                                      Lower Saxony NP
Quality Status Report 2009

   Nutrient inputs decreased. But: the Wadden Sea is
   still a “eutrophication problem area”



                       N                     P




                                     Source: Beusekom et al., 2009 (QSR 2009)
Quality Status Report 2009

   Recovery of seagrass




                             Source: Reise et al. 2009
Quality Status Report 2009
  Harbour Seal population is doing
  well




  Source: Reijnders et al. 2009
Quality Status Report 2009
  The numbers of many
  migratory birds have
  improved

  8 species show strong or
  moderate increases, 12 species
  are stable, and 14 species are
  decreasing.

  Compared to 2004, there has
  been some improvement in the
  development for several
  species.




  Source: Laursen et al. 2009
Challenges

   • Adaptation to climate changes and accelerated sea level rise

   • Protection and restoration of natural dynamics,
       •geo-morpholgical processes (sediment transport),
       •habitat dynamics (dune dynamics, restoration of estuaries),
       •migration of species (fish, birds)

   • Closing of gaps in knowledge on subtidal and offshore habitats
     and species (ecology, monitoring, management)

   • Reduction of external impacts, such as input of contaminants
     and nutrients, litter, shipping and invasion of aliens species,

   • Enhance International Cooperation, especially on protection of
     migrating species (bird flyway) and biodiversity
International Cooperation: Bird Flyway
Awareness - Identity - Pride
Summary

  •   Management must be done at an ecosystem level
      (integration of the total system of the habitat) – functional
      delimitation instead administrational borders.
  •   Scientific information and monitoring has been critical for
      the success of protection in the Wadden Sea – long term
      data series
  •   Communication, education and public awareness supports
      conservation (identity and pride of locals)
  •   International Cooperation (bird flyway, scientific and
      management aspects, global importance of tidal flats)
  •   Nature conservation can be a driver for socio-economic
      development: World Heritage and sustainable tourism
Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation

More Related Content

What's hot

Intro parcmarin amp2010-anglais
Intro parcmarin amp2010-anglaisIntro parcmarin amp2010-anglais
Intro parcmarin amp2010-anglaiscwfli2010
 
Overview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine Park
Overview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine ParkOverview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine Park
Overview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine ParkFrédéric Dufour
 
Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...
Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...
Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...Mr.Allah Dad Khan
 
NOAA marine protected areas
NOAA marine protected areas  NOAA marine protected areas
NOAA marine protected areas Loretta Roberson
 
National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act and E (expanded) - NI...
National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act  and E (expanded) - NI...National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act  and E (expanded) - NI...
National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act and E (expanded) - NI...Bevs Dela Cruz
 
Marine protected areas
Marine protected areasMarine protected areas
Marine protected areasStudent
 
FAO - contribution in fisheries sector
FAO - contribution in fisheries sector FAO - contribution in fisheries sector
FAO - contribution in fisheries sector Raja rajan
 
Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013
Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013
Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013AidaBaibotoeva1
 
Ramsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela Cruz
Ramsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela CruzRamsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela Cruz
Ramsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela CruzBevs Dela Cruz
 
Bonn Convention (CMS)
Bonn Convention (CMS)Bonn Convention (CMS)
Bonn Convention (CMS)Diksha Sharma
 
“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...
“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...
“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...New Bedford Whaling Museum
 
Marine protected area (MPAs)
Marine protected area (MPAs)Marine protected area (MPAs)
Marine protected area (MPAs)Ashish sahu
 
Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian Context
Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian ContextSustainable Fisheries in the Indian Context
Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian ContextMohanJoseph Modayil
 
Integrated coastal zone management
Integrated coastal zone managementIntegrated coastal zone management
Integrated coastal zone managementLoretta Roberson
 
Protected area network :Biosphere reserves
Protected area network :Biosphere reserves Protected area network :Biosphere reserves
Protected area network :Biosphere reserves Almas Tamake
 
Population Viability Analysis and Responses to Loss
Population Viability Analysis and Responses to LossPopulation Viability Analysis and Responses to Loss
Population Viability Analysis and Responses to LossHawkesdale P12 College
 

What's hot (20)

Intro parcmarin amp2010-anglais
Intro parcmarin amp2010-anglaisIntro parcmarin amp2010-anglais
Intro parcmarin amp2010-anglais
 
Overview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine Park
Overview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine ParkOverview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine Park
Overview of the Saguenay-St.Lawrence Marine Park
 
Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...
Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...
Wild life and Biodiversity A Report by Allah Dad Khan Bureau Chief Kisan Risa...
 
Pulbic Lecture Slide Presentation (4.4.2014) Who governs the sea? Ways toward...
Pulbic Lecture Slide Presentation (4.4.2014) Who governs the sea? Ways toward...Pulbic Lecture Slide Presentation (4.4.2014) Who governs the sea? Ways toward...
Pulbic Lecture Slide Presentation (4.4.2014) Who governs the sea? Ways toward...
 
NOAA marine protected areas
NOAA marine protected areas  NOAA marine protected areas
NOAA marine protected areas
 
National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act and E (expanded) - NI...
National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act  and E (expanded) - NI...National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act  and E (expanded) - NI...
National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act and E (expanded) - NI...
 
Marine protected areas
Marine protected areasMarine protected areas
Marine protected areas
 
FAO - contribution in fisheries sector
FAO - contribution in fisheries sector FAO - contribution in fisheries sector
FAO - contribution in fisheries sector
 
Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013
Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013
Ppt 1 introduction_to_the_iucn_pa_management_categories_oct_2013
 
Marine Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas  Marine Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
 
Ramsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela Cruz
Ramsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela CruzRamsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela Cruz
Ramsar: The Convention of Wetlands of International Importance. BMN dela Cruz
 
Bonn Convention (CMS)
Bonn Convention (CMS)Bonn Convention (CMS)
Bonn Convention (CMS)
 
“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...
“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...
“The Sea of the Azores” by Filipe Mora Porteiro, Ph.D. Regional Director of M...
 
Marine protected areas
Marine protected areasMarine protected areas
Marine protected areas
 
Protected areas
Protected areasProtected areas
Protected areas
 
Marine protected area (MPAs)
Marine protected area (MPAs)Marine protected area (MPAs)
Marine protected area (MPAs)
 
Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian Context
Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian ContextSustainable Fisheries in the Indian Context
Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian Context
 
Integrated coastal zone management
Integrated coastal zone managementIntegrated coastal zone management
Integrated coastal zone management
 
Protected area network :Biosphere reserves
Protected area network :Biosphere reserves Protected area network :Biosphere reserves
Protected area network :Biosphere reserves
 
Population Viability Analysis and Responses to Loss
Population Viability Analysis and Responses to LossPopulation Viability Analysis and Responses to Loss
Population Viability Analysis and Responses to Loss
 

Similar to Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation

Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite poles
Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite polesFishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite poles
Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite polesPablo Pita Orduna
 
Ose de feo article ppp 2013
Ose de feo article  ppp 2013Ose de feo article  ppp 2013
Ose de feo article ppp 2013Loretta Roberson
 
Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016
Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016 Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016
Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016 Beccy MacDonald
 
1.1 mark spalding solving the crisis in the seas final
1.1 mark spalding   solving the crisis in the seas final1.1 mark spalding   solving the crisis in the seas final
1.1 mark spalding solving the crisis in the seas finalharrietys
 
Coastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zone
Coastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zoneCoastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zone
Coastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zoneHemant Chandravanshi
 
Water as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural England
Water as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural EnglandWater as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural England
Water as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural EnglandNAAONB landscapesforlife
 
Conserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDS
Conserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDSConserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDS
Conserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDSiweco-project
 
Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...
Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...
Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...iweco-project
 
Analysis Of Tidal Wetlands
Analysis Of Tidal WetlandsAnalysis Of Tidal Wetlands
Analysis Of Tidal WetlandsLissette Hartman
 
Incorporating Complexity and Change into Governance
Incorporating Complexity and Change into GovernanceIncorporating Complexity and Change into Governance
Incorporating Complexity and Change into GovernancePedro Fidelman
 
MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...
MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...
MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...UNESCO Venice Office
 

Similar to Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation (20)

Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite poles
Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite polesFishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite poles
Fishing in the antipodes. Fishers and fishes in two opposite poles
 
Conservation of wetlands ecosystem
Conservation of wetlands ecosystemConservation of wetlands ecosystem
Conservation of wetlands ecosystem
 
status of mediterranean sea
status of mediterranean seastatus of mediterranean sea
status of mediterranean sea
 
Ose de feo article ppp 2013
Ose de feo article  ppp 2013Ose de feo article  ppp 2013
Ose de feo article ppp 2013
 
Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016
Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016 Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016
Lundy Marine Management Plan 2016
 
1.1 mark spalding solving the crisis in the seas final
1.1 mark spalding   solving the crisis in the seas final1.1 mark spalding   solving the crisis in the seas final
1.1 mark spalding solving the crisis in the seas final
 
Pcra lecture (camotes pcra orientation)
Pcra lecture (camotes pcra orientation)Pcra lecture (camotes pcra orientation)
Pcra lecture (camotes pcra orientation)
 
Coastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zone
Coastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zoneCoastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zone
Coastal zone manangement & coastal regulation zone
 
Water as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural England
Water as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural EnglandWater as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural England
Water as a resource - the marine environment - Louise Burton, Natural England
 
Lecture on Sea fisheries- and integrated marine environment management in Con...
Lecture on Sea fisheries- and integrated marine environment management in Con...Lecture on Sea fisheries- and integrated marine environment management in Con...
Lecture on Sea fisheries- and integrated marine environment management in Con...
 
Tymma 2012
Tymma 2012Tymma 2012
Tymma 2012
 
Conserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDS
Conserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDSConserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDS
Conserving Biodiversity through an IWEco Approach in Caribbean SIDS
 
Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...
Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...
Conserving Biodiversity through an Integrated approach to Water, Land and Eco...
 
Coastral
Coastral Coastral
Coastral
 
HELCOM and the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, Ms. Gabriella Lindholm
HELCOM and the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, Ms. Gabriella LindholmHELCOM and the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, Ms. Gabriella Lindholm
HELCOM and the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, Ms. Gabriella Lindholm
 
Analysis Of Tidal Wetlands
Analysis Of Tidal WetlandsAnalysis Of Tidal Wetlands
Analysis Of Tidal Wetlands
 
Incorporating Complexity and Change into Governance
Incorporating Complexity and Change into GovernanceIncorporating Complexity and Change into Governance
Incorporating Complexity and Change into Governance
 
natural resources protected areas and conservation
natural resources protected areas and conservationnatural resources protected areas and conservation
natural resources protected areas and conservation
 
MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...
MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...
MAB-IHP Regional Symposium: Managing Water Resources in Biosphere Reserves in...
 
Marine biodiversity indicators
Marine biodiversity indicatorsMarine biodiversity indicators
Marine biodiversity indicators
 

More from riseagrant

2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions
2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions 2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions
2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions riseagrant
 
Regional Planning
Regional Planning Regional Planning
Regional Planning riseagrant
 
Ocean Planning's Impact
Ocean Planning's ImpactOcean Planning's Impact
Ocean Planning's Impactriseagrant
 
Block Island Wind Farm
Block Island Wind FarmBlock Island Wind Farm
Block Island Wind Farmriseagrant
 
STORMTOOLS for Beginners
STORMTOOLS for BeginnersSTORMTOOLS for Beginners
STORMTOOLS for Beginnersriseagrant
 
Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415
Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415
Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415riseagrant
 
Legal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode Island
Legal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode IslandLegal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode Island
Legal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode Islandriseagrant
 
Coastal Wetland Adaptation Strategies
Coastal Wetland Adaptation StrategiesCoastal Wetland Adaptation Strategies
Coastal Wetland Adaptation Strategiesriseagrant
 
Coastal Weland Management and Adaptation Straegies
Coastal Weland Management and Adaptation StraegiesCoastal Weland Management and Adaptation Straegies
Coastal Weland Management and Adaptation Straegiesriseagrant
 
Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...
Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...
Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...riseagrant
 
Local Case Studies
Local Case StudiesLocal Case Studies
Local Case Studiesriseagrant
 
Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)
Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)
Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)riseagrant
 
Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...
Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...
Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...riseagrant
 
RI Shoreline Change Special Area Management Plan
RI Shoreline Change Special Area Management PlanRI Shoreline Change Special Area Management Plan
RI Shoreline Change Special Area Management Planriseagrant
 
STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)
STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)
STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)riseagrant
 
IBHS FORTIFIED Building Programs
IBHS FORTIFIED Building ProgramsIBHS FORTIFIED Building Programs
IBHS FORTIFIED Building Programsriseagrant
 
Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies
Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies
Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies riseagrant
 
Economic Justification for Action Now in Rhode Island
Economic Justification for Action Now in Rhode IslandEconomic Justification for Action Now in Rhode Island
Economic Justification for Action Now in Rhode Islandriseagrant
 
Green Infrastructure
Green Infrastructure Green Infrastructure
Green Infrastructure riseagrant
 
Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina Checklist
Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina ChecklistGulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina Checklist
Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina Checklistriseagrant
 

More from riseagrant (20)

2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions
2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions 2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions
2015 International Spatial Planning Symposium: Sharing Practical Solutions
 
Regional Planning
Regional Planning Regional Planning
Regional Planning
 
Ocean Planning's Impact
Ocean Planning's ImpactOcean Planning's Impact
Ocean Planning's Impact
 
Block Island Wind Farm
Block Island Wind FarmBlock Island Wind Farm
Block Island Wind Farm
 
STORMTOOLS for Beginners
STORMTOOLS for BeginnersSTORMTOOLS for Beginners
STORMTOOLS for Beginners
 
Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415
Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415
Beach samp stakeholder_tools_071415
 
Legal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode Island
Legal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode IslandLegal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode Island
Legal and Policy Strategies for SLAMM in Rhode Island
 
Coastal Wetland Adaptation Strategies
Coastal Wetland Adaptation StrategiesCoastal Wetland Adaptation Strategies
Coastal Wetland Adaptation Strategies
 
Coastal Weland Management and Adaptation Straegies
Coastal Weland Management and Adaptation StraegiesCoastal Weland Management and Adaptation Straegies
Coastal Weland Management and Adaptation Straegies
 
Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...
Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...
Sea Level Rise & the Conservation of Wetlands: Issues and Opportunities for C...
 
Local Case Studies
Local Case StudiesLocal Case Studies
Local Case Studies
 
Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)
Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)
Sea Level Affecting Marshes Model (SLAMM)
 
Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...
Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...
Sea Levels Affecting Marshes Model Using SLAMM to Conserve Rhode Island’s Coa...
 
RI Shoreline Change Special Area Management Plan
RI Shoreline Change Special Area Management PlanRI Shoreline Change Special Area Management Plan
RI Shoreline Change Special Area Management Plan
 
STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)
STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)
STORMTOOLS* -Simplified Flood Inundation Maps for RI with Sea Level Rise (SLR)
 
IBHS FORTIFIED Building Programs
IBHS FORTIFIED Building ProgramsIBHS FORTIFIED Building Programs
IBHS FORTIFIED Building Programs
 
Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies
Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies
Lessons from Sandy and Green Infrastructure Strategies
 
Economic Justification for Action Now in Rhode Island
Economic Justification for Action Now in Rhode IslandEconomic Justification for Action Now in Rhode Island
Economic Justification for Action Now in Rhode Island
 
Green Infrastructure
Green Infrastructure Green Infrastructure
Green Infrastructure
 
Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina Checklist
Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina ChecklistGulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina Checklist
Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilient Marina Checklist
 

Recently uploaded

Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#Karmanjay Verma
 
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdfGenerative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdfIngrid Airi González
 
Manual 508 Accessibility Compliance Audit
Manual 508 Accessibility Compliance AuditManual 508 Accessibility Compliance Audit
Manual 508 Accessibility Compliance AuditSkynet Technologies
 
Generative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptx
Generative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptxGenerative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptx
Generative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptxfnnc6jmgwh
 
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...amber724300
 
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Mark Simos
 
A Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI AgeA Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI AgeCprime
 
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdfSo einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdfpanagenda
 
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Hiroshi SHIBATA
 
Infrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platforms
Infrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platformsInfrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platforms
Infrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platformsYoss Cohen
 
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxAna-Maria Mihalceanu
 
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyesHow to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyesThousandEyes
 
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality AssuranceInflectra
 
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better StrongerModern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Strongerpanagenda
 
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to HeroUiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to HeroUiPathCommunity
 
Français Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - AvrilFrançais Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - AvrilIvanti
 
2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch Tuesday2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch TuesdayIvanti
 
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyoneWomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyoneUiPathCommunity
 
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsPotential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsRavi Sanghani
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
Microservices, Docker deploy and Microservices source code in C#
 
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdfGenerative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
Generative Artificial Intelligence: How generative AI works.pdf
 
Manual 508 Accessibility Compliance Audit
Manual 508 Accessibility Compliance AuditManual 508 Accessibility Compliance Audit
Manual 508 Accessibility Compliance Audit
 
Generative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptx
Generative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptxGenerative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptx
Generative AI - Gitex v1Generative AI - Gitex v1.pptx
 
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
JET Technology Labs White Paper for Virtualized Security and Encryption Techn...
 
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
Tampa BSides - The No BS SOC (slides from April 6, 2024 talk)
 
A Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI AgeA Framework for Development in the AI Age
A Framework for Development in the AI Age
 
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdfSo einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
So einfach geht modernes Roaming fuer Notes und Nomad.pdf
 
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
Long journey of Ruby standard library at RubyConf AU 2024
 
Infrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platforms
Infrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platformsInfrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platforms
Infrared simulation and processing on Nvidia platforms
 
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance ToolboxA Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
A Glance At The Java Performance Toolbox
 
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyesHow to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
How to Effectively Monitor SD-WAN and SASE Environments with ThousandEyes
 
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
[Webinar] SpiraTest - Setting New Standards in Quality Assurance
 
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better StrongerModern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
Modern Roaming for Notes and Nomad – Cheaper Faster Better Stronger
 
How Tech Giants Cut Corners to Harvest Data for A.I.
How Tech Giants Cut Corners to Harvest Data for A.I.How Tech Giants Cut Corners to Harvest Data for A.I.
How Tech Giants Cut Corners to Harvest Data for A.I.
 
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to HeroUiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
UiPath Community: Communication Mining from Zero to Hero
 
Français Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - AvrilFrançais Patch Tuesday - Avril
Français Patch Tuesday - Avril
 
2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch Tuesday2024 April Patch Tuesday
2024 April Patch Tuesday
 
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyoneWomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
WomenInAutomation2024: AI and Automation for eveyone
 
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and InsightsPotential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
Potential of AI (Generative AI) in Business: Learnings and Insights
 

Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation

  • 1. Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation Formal Adoption and Final Products 30 Years of Transnational Cooperaton Harald Marencic Common Wadden Sea Secretariat Wilhelmshaven, Germany 1
  • 2. Denmark The Wadden Sea • Largest unbroken system of tidal flats world wide • Highly productive ecosystem with natural dynamics • 10-12 mill. migratory birds pass through the area • Shared by 3 countries – and well protected Germany The Netherlands 2
  • 3. Martin Stock Martin Stock Martin Stock Norbert Hecker
  • 5. Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) 1. Criteria OUV: viii: geology, ix: ecological processes, x: biodiversity 2. Integrity: 10,000 km² represents all habitats, species and processes 3. Appropriate Protection and Management National Parks/nature reserves, Wadden Sea Plan, Monitoring (TMAP)
  • 6. The Wadden Sea Region The Wadden Sea is an area where people live, work and recreate. About 75,000 inhabitants in the Wadden Sea Cooperation Area (on islands). About 3.7 million inhabitants on the mainland in the Wadden Sea Region
  • 7. Social and Economic Development Harbours • Hamburg: 149 mill. tons/y • Bremerhaven: 74 mill. tons/y • Wilhelmshaven: 40 mill. tons/y • Others (Den Helder, Harlingen, Delfzijl/Eeemshaven, Emden, Brake, Brunsbüttel, Esbjerg): 24 mill. tons/y Fishery • About 500 ships with 1300 employees, high local economic relevance; • Landings: 160,000 tons, 110 Mill. Euro Agriculture • 44,500 farms • 1,800 ha agricultural land in use • 55,000 employees Sources: WSF 2004, QSR 2004 & 2009
  • 8. Social and Economic Development Tourism in the Wadden Sea Region • 10 million tourists per year • About 70 million overnight stays • 30 – 40 million day trippers every year Turnover per year: 2.8 – 5.3 Billion Euro Sources: QSR 2004 & 2009
  • 9. Wadden Sea Cooperation – The History 1970s Pollution, eutrophication, habitat degradation Decline of bird and marine mammal populations 1980s Large scale protection schemes and national parks – Wadden Sea coast under protection 1990s Ecosystem based management and monitoring (TMAP), integrated policies 2010 Adaptation to climate change 2030 Main issue ?
  • 10. National Conservation Regimes Denmark: 1983 Statutory Order Nature and Wildlife Reserve (From 2010: National Park) Conservation Area 11,000 km² Germany: Federal Nature Protection Law, 1986 National Park Laws (3 Federal States) The Netherlands: 1980 Nature Protection Act, Planning Decree Wadden Sea
  • 11. Trilateral Wadden Sea Cooperation Guiding principle: “to achieve, as far as possible, a natural and sustainable ecosystem in which natural processes proceed in an undisturbed way”. Trilateral Cooperation Area 1982/2010 Joint Declaration on the Protection km² Wadden Sea 14,700 of the 1987 Common Wadden Sea Secretariat 1993 Monitoring Programme TMAP 1997/2010 Wadden Sea Plan 2009 UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • 12. Trilateral Management Framework Common  Wadden Sea Secretariat MINISTERIAL COUNCIL Ministers  of Environment (every 3  years) WADDEN SEA BOARD Senior Officials Environmental Ministries,  Advisors (Wadden Sea Forum) 2‐times a years TASK GROUPS Management, Climate, Shipping, World  Heritage, Tourism, Monitoring Expert Groups Netherlands Germany Denmark
  • 13. Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan – Formal Adoption Strategic „Ecological Targets“ for habitats and species (Trilateral Expert Group), adopted 1994 Draft Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan (Task Group Management) National public hearings (State and provincial authorities, National Park Advisory Boards) Final draft Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan (Senior Officials of national ministries) Adoption Wadden Sea Plan (Ministerial Conference 1997, Update 2010)
  • 14. Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan Ecological Targets: Regulations on : • Landscape and • Agriculture Culture • Fishery • Water and Sediment • Hunting • Salt Marshes • Dredging and dumping • Tidal Area (tidal flats • Sand and clay extraction and subtidal gullies) • Tourism • Beaches and Dunes • Shipping • Estuaries • Energy (wind, gas, oil) • Offshore Zone • others • Birds • Marine Mammals • Fish
  • 15. Tidal Area – “Ecological Targets” 1. Natural dynamic situation in the tidal area. 2. An increased area of geomorphological and biologically undisturbed tidal flats and subtidal areas. 3. A natural size, distribution and development of natural mussel beds, Sabellaria reefs and seagras fields. 4. Viable stocks and natural reproduction capacity of marine mammals, conservation of habitat quality, 5. Numbers and distribution of birds, natural breeding success, connectivity between habitats, as well as breeding, feeding, moulting and roosting sites, 6. Fish: Viable stocks and natural reproduction, occurrence and abundance, habitat quality, connectivity
  • 16. Tidal Area – Trilateral Policy and Management 1. Coastal defense: enlargement of dikes outside, sand nourishment instead of dikes 2. Shipping (PSSA), harbors and industry (no new structures) 3. Closure for wind turbines (but: cables, external), 4. No mineral extraction, 5. No mussel fishery on stable beds (high biodiv), food reservation policy for birds 6. Tourism: visitor guidance system, spatial or temporal closure of sensitive habitats 7. Site protection, disturbance (farming, wind energy, air traffic, military activities), pollution reduction
  • 18. Management of Tourism: German National Parks Trilateral Wadden Sea Plan Introducing and applying information systems (visitor guidance), Temporal and spatial zoning and/or closure of ecologically most sensitive areas such as bird breeding and moulting areas. Schleswig-Holstein NP Lower Saxony NP
  • 19. Quality Status Report 2009 Nutrient inputs decreased. But: the Wadden Sea is still a “eutrophication problem area” N P Source: Beusekom et al., 2009 (QSR 2009)
  • 20. Quality Status Report 2009 Recovery of seagrass Source: Reise et al. 2009
  • 21. Quality Status Report 2009 Harbour Seal population is doing well Source: Reijnders et al. 2009
  • 22. Quality Status Report 2009 The numbers of many migratory birds have improved 8 species show strong or moderate increases, 12 species are stable, and 14 species are decreasing. Compared to 2004, there has been some improvement in the development for several species. Source: Laursen et al. 2009
  • 23. Challenges • Adaptation to climate changes and accelerated sea level rise • Protection and restoration of natural dynamics, •geo-morpholgical processes (sediment transport), •habitat dynamics (dune dynamics, restoration of estuaries), •migration of species (fish, birds) • Closing of gaps in knowledge on subtidal and offshore habitats and species (ecology, monitoring, management) • Reduction of external impacts, such as input of contaminants and nutrients, litter, shipping and invasion of aliens species, • Enhance International Cooperation, especially on protection of migrating species (bird flyway) and biodiversity
  • 26. Summary • Management must be done at an ecosystem level (integration of the total system of the habitat) – functional delimitation instead administrational borders. • Scientific information and monitoring has been critical for the success of protection in the Wadden Sea – long term data series • Communication, education and public awareness supports conservation (identity and pride of locals) • International Cooperation (bird flyway, scientific and management aspects, global importance of tidal flats) • Nature conservation can be a driver for socio-economic development: World Heritage and sustainable tourism