Paul Gilliland Marine Planning in England What are we learning?
International MSP Symposium 16th May 2012Marine Planning in England What are we learning? Paul Gilliland Marine Planning Development Manager
Outline• What and why• Legislation and high level policy• Where and when• Costs and resourcing• Evidence, analysis, research• Stakeholder engagement• Defining key issues• Outputs/outcomes• Challenges• Lessons
Why do we need marine planning?Overarching driver – Increasing and competing useof marine space and resources, impacting on thesustainability of the marine environment
Perceived benefits but also expectations• Sustainable use of marine resources• Greater certainty for investors/developers• Improved basis for addressing cumulative effects• ‘Regional seas’ governance (ecosystem approach)• Proactive and forward planning• Plan for new activities and changing technologies• Framework for consistent decision making• Cohesion with coastal and terrestrial plans (ICZM)• Early involvement of stakeholders (“democratic deficit”)
Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009• Long lead in time and preparatory work• Supported by main political parties (commitment)• Complex piece of legislation – Licensing, Fisheries, Nature Conservation, Coastal Access, Marine planning “be careful what you wish for”• Marine Management Organisation (April 2010) • Planning, licensing, fisheries, conservation delivery • Cross-government ‘agency’ (£) • Dedicated ‘core’ planning team (long haul) + in house support • Deliberately recruit from different backgrounds • New organisation!
The legal requirement for marine planning• Aim: contribute to and help deliver sustainable development.• Integrated approach (important message) • across environmental, economic and social factors • across sectors (including interactions, policies) • with other plans (including terrestrial)• Marine Policy Statement (MPS): the overarching policy framework for the UK marine area (UK Govt and Devolved Administrations)• Marine Plans will translate the MPS into detailed policy and spatial guidance for each plan area (MMO, SoS) • All plan ‘areas’ (sub-divisions around the coast) • Guide and direct decision makers, including Licensing • No timetable prescribed but report/review every 3-6 years
Marine Policy Statement• High level framework which should ensure consistency• 22 Goals (High Level Marine Objectives): • Achieving a sustainable marine economy • Ensuring a strong, healthy and just society • Living within environmental limits • Promoting good governance • Using sound science responsibly• Strategic environmental, social and economic considerations• Policy objectives for key activities/sectors • Generally broad (only explicit target is for renewables) • No a priori prioritisation to be done at plan level
Where and whenBoundaries• Limit of tidal influence to ‘EEZ’• Potentially very wide scope and variation in level of detailOverall timetable• Estimate 2 years for each plan (2.5 if ‘examination’ required)• Assume two at a time• Complete first cycle by 2021• Evaluate ≤ 3 years Review?Reassessed recently, enddate unchanged but overlap(lead in time)
East marine plan areas 58,700 km2Timeline (two years) Inshore and Offshore• Dec 2010: Announce, prep 2 plans, 1 process (87%)• April 2011: Start• Feb 2012: Evidence & Issues• May: Draft Objectives/Vision• July: Options• Sept: draft plan to government• Jan 2013: consultation• April 2013: revisedRelentless share ‘lead’ role;more time to pause?Developing whilst doing take longer the first time?
“Show me someone that’s never made a mistake and I’llshow you someone that’s never made anything” a difficult message to get over and work around
Resource planning : Costs (and Benefits)• ‘Impact Assessment’ of planning vs ‘do nothing’. Benefits: • Best estimate: £487 million [$779m] over twenty years • Environmental benefits difficult to quantify • Savings to business sectors, e.g. activity costs• Costs • £2.7 million [$4.3m] per plan (all elements, e.g. Staff > evidence gathering > Sustainability Appraisal > consultation) • £0.54 million [$0.86m] per review (assumes 20% of original costs) every six years• Resources : core funding from UK government• Too early to judge but for now £ seems less limiting than time• Demands may fluctuate over time but ‘same’ resource
Technical Evidence and analysis• National: Strategic Scoping Report • The ‘big picture’ to set plan area in context • Includes analysis of potential future opportunities • Inform plan-level objectives (and priorities?)• Research: Various gaps but timing a challenge • Co-location • Recreation interests: distribution • Cumulative effects • Socio-economic study: help to understand the impact of marine planning on different types of coastal community• East inshore and East offshore data & information • Substantial data collation /presentation
Technical data collation and GIS analysis• Building on existing projects, e.g. MCZs, SEA, CP2• Working with organisations & data sharing where possible• Local stakeholders input: • Data, verification • On-line marine planning portal• GIS analysis (iterative, simplify) • Methods • Integration
Stakeholder engagement – plan areas•• Local stakeholder engagement Statements of Public Participation (SPP) -- informs people of how and when they can become involved Individual interests and groups -- published April 2011 Work with existing partnerships, links to other projects (eg MPAs) -- signed off by Government (Secretary of State, Defra) No formal bespoke structures or groups - Liaison officers + range of meetings, workshops, events
Participation and Consultation• December 2011 workshops • Three locations, ~150 participants • Marine planning focus inc. ‘Key issues’ • Interactive, various ‘tasks’ inc. Futures • 90% positive feedback (84 returns)• The process is as important as the product• Different ways to communicate, e.g. • Drop in sessions • 3 D model
Getting to the point• Evidence on Key activities, social, economic & environmental interests• Emerging Issues • For sector delivery, other sectors, and sustainability • Several hundred• Vision and Objectives report • 58 ‘headline issues’• Distil further • Stakeholders to refine? • More evidence for some?
We have Not got all the answers toeveryone’s problems
Clarifying/Reassuring - Planning outputs/outcomes Planning Prescription & Decisions Change over time? Planning Signals & Guidance Increase over time Evidence Collation & Analysis
Some headline lessons learnt• Political commitment is critical• Legislative basis almost certainly essential• (Dedicated planning body) with a core team is essential• A framework of principles, goals/objective and policies is a good start, some prioritisation is even better• Need allocated resources preferably over a sustained period• Try to focus - on the key issues, prioritised evidence• Need a timetable but also some flexibility if possible particularly in the early days• Stakeholder engagement - different means, be creative• Do NOT underestimate the challenge, however good your planning it will probably take more time and more effort
www.marinemanagement.org.uk/marineplanning Portal: planningportal.marinemanagement.org.uk Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Marine Planning team Local Flamborough Head to Skegness 01472 355112 The Wash to Weybourne 01502 573149 Sheringham to Felixstowe 01502 573149 Marine Planning team Newcastle 0191 376 2790