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Bela Buck Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm

  1. 1. Multi-Use Concepts as a Potential Solution for the Overcrowded Marine Realm Bela H. Buck International Marine Spatial Planning Public Symposium, Providence (RI)
  2. 2. Relatively small  N PL size of the EEZ in  the Baltic Sea  EST S and in the North  RUS Sea. DK LT GB D LV NL B FIN F © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  3. 3. North Sea EEZ: Baltic Sea 28,600 km2 Schleswig‐ Holstein Hamburg Mecklenburg‐ Vorpommern Bremen EEZ: Lower‐Saxony 4,500 km2 © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  4. 4. Priority list (with regard to UNCLOS) MSP at an early stages: (between 2001‐2006) High  Safety and efficiency of shipping   Defining the actual state of  National and international  uses contracts [e.g. pipelines, cables] Shipping & Pipelines, Cables, Mariculture, Military Features Sediment, Platforms  Protection of the marine   Ascertain priorities of  environment  National/Alliance defence different uses Others   Set priorities regarding  Resources national and international   Scientific research Nature Conservation Offshore Wind Farms  Wind farming “dependencies”. © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  5. 5. Construction of the Alpha Ventus wind farm in the EEZ 60 km off the coast of Germany. 5 MW class turbines: 65 MWh∙day‐1∙windmill‐1 8,000 €∙day‐1∙windmill‐1 70% of companies SME © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  6. 6. Multi-use ideas to maximize the 1. Ecology benefit of an offshore area: - Creating MPA‘s (nursery, sustainable fisheries…) - Set-up artificial reefs 2. Tourism 3. Additional energy resources 4. Offshore Aquaculture 5. Bio-Remediation / Bio-Extraction 6. Use of fouling organisms Image taken from Barry Costa‐Pierce © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  7. 7. Meek, 1989 © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  8. 8. Marine Facilities  Ordinance OSS‐Project forces  wind farm operators  to investigate in co‐ uses © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck et al. (2008), Helg. Mar. Research
  9. 9. Mussel cultivation designs © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck (2007), Helg. Mar. Res. Buck et al. (2010), Aquac. Econom. Management
  10. 10. Seaweed cultivation  longlines  ladder  grid © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  11. 11. IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture) extractive species extractive species 1. defense line: filter feeders wind seaweed mussels farm with fish fish/ 2. defense line: fish/ wind turbine seaweeds wind turbine different directions bidirectional McVey & Buck (2008), WAS © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  12. 12. Consideration of mechanical loads on grounding constructions of longline, cage windmills by or other aquaculture constructions devices © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  13. 13. y N NW NO W O x  SW S0 S1 [N/mm²] S 8 Windrichtungen 8 Wellenanlaufrichtungen LC 5 EF 4 EF 5 EF 6 Development of static models Discussion of alternative Generation of representative (for 3-5 MWpoints ofclass) connection turbine foundation loads of wind energy LC 5 S1 [N/mm²] S1 [N/mm²] structure installations © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck et al. (2006), Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering
  14. 14. © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012 Buck & Krause (2010), Springer Encyclopedia
  15. 15. Experimental setup  Analysis of flow velocities/forces/qualitative scouring  Length scale 1 : 40  Wave parameter:  Medium wave T = 6 s, Hs = 1,5 m Maximum wave: T = 14 s, Hs = 11 m  Variation of design – Cylinder – Sphere © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  16. 16. © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012
  17. 17. Mooring System Jetty Station Offshore Test Field Koch (2007) Thesis
  18. 18. Key Issues: 1. Multi-use concepts ease MSP 2. Multi-use will have a better acceptance for both stakeholders and would save costs. 3. Multi-Use concepts will have economic benefits • Quick procedure • Combined EIA • Shared vessels/personal Prof. Dr. Bela H. Buck • training • Additional biomass Bela.H.Buck@awi.de • etc. © B. H. Buck 2012 - MSP-Symposium 2012

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