Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Girls, Gangs, & Sex

1,506 views

Published on

  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Girls, Gangs, & Sex

  1. 1. Risa Turetsky, RN, MPH candidate Presentation for Adolescent Health February 27, 2008
  2. 2. Presentation Outline Define the problem  Identify the public health significance  Risk and Protective Factors  Framework for understanding the  problem Suggestion for intervention  Concluding thoughts 
  3. 3. Girls, Gangs and Sex - What’s the Problem? “Youth gang”? “Street gang”? What’s that???  Gang prevalence in the U.S.  Girls in gangs 
  4. 4. Girls, Gangs and Sex– What’s the Problem? Females in gangs compared to those not in gangs have… Earlier sexual debut, more partners, lower frequency  of condom use Higher risk of STIs   3 ½ times more likely to have gonorrhea*  2 times more likely to have Trichomonas* Negative emotional sequelae  * Wingwood et al. (2002) “Gang involvement and the health of African American adolescents.” Pediatrics, 110(5): e57.
  5. 5. Risk Factors for High Risk Sexual Behaviors in Gangs Being in a gang – risks associated with being a  member as well as the reasons for joining Gang Culture   Type of gang and the sexual practices  Status within the gang  Non-Monogamous Relationships Ethnicity – not well substantiated  General adolescent risk factors   Drug/Alcohol use  Sexual abuse history  Runaways  Period of risk taking & identity discovery
  6. 6. Protective Factors against High Risk Sexual Behaviors in Gangs Elements of Gang Culture   Type of gang and the sexual practices  Ethnicity Pregnancy   Factors that prevent kids from joining gangs  Positive Connections  Success  Religious involvement  Means of resolving conflicts  Prosocial behavior patterns
  7. 7. Model of Girls in Gangs RISK FACTORS Negative Health Risk Fc for Gang Outcomes Membership • Antisocial behavior • Aggressive coping • Self-concept of “bad” High Risk Sexual Gang Culture as a • Adults see as “bad” Behaviors Risk Factor • Lower parental •Sexual exploitation of Join a Gang involvement/monitor girls • Seeking respect/power •Sexual initiation rites Female Specific Factors • Asian or Hispanic • seeking “belonging” • Females are integrated • low self esteem PROTECTIVE with male gang • sexual abuse •Culture of sexual risk • drugs/violence in the FACTORS home Adolescent Risk Fc Protective Against Protective Against • drug/alcohol use Joining a Gang Sexual Risk in • sexual abuse • runaways • Positive Connections Gang • period of risk-taking/ identity • Success •Consider girls as equals • Religious involvement seeking in the gang • Means of resolving • Separate female gang conflicts • AA or Caucasian • Prosocial behavior • Pregnancy patterns
  8. 8. Targeted Prevention Start early!  Target at-risk youth   Also work with girls who are in gangs  Female-centered Multi-disciplinary; Multi-factorial  Resources, Connection, and Mentors  Communication  Boys & Girls Club: Gang Prevention through Targeted Outreach 
  9. 9. Concluding Thoughts Girls are significantly represented in the  youth gang context Gang culture predisposes girls to high risk  sexual practices Being in a gang is the strongest risk factor  Interventions need to be multifaceted and  start young Positive support can help these girls meet  their potential and stay safe!
  10. 10. Of Interest… National Youth Gang Center:  information, fact sheets, resources, and news on gangs in the US - http://www.iir.com/nygc Female Gangs: A Focus on Research:  bulletin on the issue of female gang involvement - http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/186159.pdf Strategic Planning Tool: provides a means of  assessing gang problem and devising interventions - http://www.iir.com/nygc/tool/
  11. 11. References Moore, J. and Hegedorn, J. (2001) “Female gangs: A focus on research.” Office of  Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention: Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Retrieved February 21, 2008, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/186159.pdf Esbensen, F., Huizinga, D., Weiher, A. (1993) “Gang and non-gang youth: differences in  explanatory factors.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 9: 94-116. Esbensen, F., Deschenes, E., Winfree, T. (1999) “ Differences between gang girls and  gang boys: Results from a multisite survey.” Youth Society, 31: 27-53. Wingwood, G., DiClemente, R., Crosby, R., Harrington, K., Davies, S., Hook, E. (2002)  “Gang involvement and the health of African American adolescents.” Pediatrics, 110(5): e57. Molidor, C. (1996) “Female gang members: A profile of aggression and victimization “  Social Work, 41(3): 251-257. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2000) “Preventing adolescent  gang involvement.” Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention: Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Retrieved February 25, 2008 from http://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/2000_9_2/page3.html Howell, J. and Egley, R. (2008) “Frequently asked questions about gangs.”  National Youth Gang Center, Retrieved February 23, 2008 from http://www.iir.com/nygc/faq.htm. Harper, G. and Robinson, W. (1999) “Pathways to risk among inner-city African  American adolescent females: The influence of gang membership.” American Journal of Community Psychology, 27(3): 383-404

×