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The Future ofIP AddressingEnabling the Long-Term Growth andSecurity of the InternetAlex Band – Product Manager
The RIPE NCC, a Regional Internet Registry•   Supports the infrastructure of the Internet     – Since         1992•   Not-...
The RIPE NCC – One of Five RIRsThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011   3
IP Addresses•   The telephone numbers of the Internet•   IPv4: the standard addressing format since 1981•   Allows for 4.3...
Allocation of IPv4 Addresses                                       Global Available IPv4 Address Pool   40%   32%   24%   ...
Depletion of IPv4 Address Pool•   Global pool ran out on 31 January 2011•   Asia Pacific region ran out on 14 April 2011   ...
Reaching the Next Billion•   Around 2 billion Internet users now     – 480%           growth since the year 2000     – aro...
Wait and See?                8
The Only Answer: IPv6•   A standard since 1996•   Approximately 340 undecillion or 3.4×1038    unique addresses     – Shou...
The Only Answer: IPv6•   You don’t just need bandwidth for growth,    you need addresses too!•   Squeezing more life out o...
IPv6 Adoption Today – Total Membership                                            Basic                                   ...
World IPv6 Day•   More than 400 participants, including     – the      largest destinations on the Internet     – content ...
Run both protocols        Text while you can
The Effects of Depletion: Trading•   An IPv4 address is now a scarce good     – This       affects the value, and could sp...
The Effects of Depletion: Stealing•   Internet routing is non-hierarchical, open and free•   Freedom comes at a price:    ...
The Solution: Resource Certificates•   Issue digital certificates along with the    allocation of Internet Resources•   Mai...
The System                                            certificate authorityThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011       ...
Our Mission•   Quality     – Reliability          and security of the platform are key     – Received             highest ...
Management•   RIPE NCC Hosted Platform     – WebUI           to manage ‘Route Origin Authorisations’ (ROAs)               ...
Validation, Hardware Router Support•   Based on open standards     – Scheduled               on Cisco roadmap for Q4, 2011...
Adoption of Resource Certification                                Number of participating RIPE NCC members    500    400  ...
Adoption of Resource CertificationThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011   22
The Future of IP Addressing•   IPv4 will no longer allow Internet growth•   IPv6 is the only long term answer•   The deple...
Information and Announcements http://www.ipv6actnow.org http://ripe.net/certificationThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2...
Questions?
Talk to us!Alex Band       alexb@ripe.net       alexander_band       linkedin.com/in/alexanderbandAndrew de la Haye       ...
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The future of ip addressing

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The future of ip addressing

  1. 1. The Future ofIP AddressingEnabling the Long-Term Growth andSecurity of the InternetAlex Band – Product Manager
  2. 2. The RIPE NCC, a Regional Internet Registry• Supports the infrastructure of the Internet – Since 1992• Not-for-profit organisation – Around 7500 members• The authority on who is the registered holder of an Internet Number Resource in our region – IPv4 and IPv6 Address Blocks – Autonomous System NumbersThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 2
  3. 3. The RIPE NCC – One of Five RIRsThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 3
  4. 4. IP Addresses• The telephone numbers of the Internet• IPv4: the standard addressing format since 1981• Allows for 4.3 billion unique addresses – Seemed like a limitless supply at the time But then the Internet became a commercial success...The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 4
  5. 5. Allocation of IPv4 Addresses Global Available IPv4 Address Pool 40% 32% 24% 16% 8% 0% 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 5
  6. 6. Depletion of IPv4 Address Pool• Global pool ran out on 31 January 2011• Asia Pacific region ran out on 14 April 2011 – Caused by emerging markets like China and India – Drip feeding with the remaining addresses• Other regions will run out soonThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 6
  7. 7. Reaching the Next Billion• Around 2 billion Internet users now – 480% growth since the year 2000 – around 30% of all people• Mobile phones are becoming Internet devices – in 2010, 22% of all mobile handsets was a smartphone• “The Internet of Things” – Smartphones and tablets now, what’s next?The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 7
  8. 8. Wait and See? 8
  9. 9. The Only Answer: IPv6• A standard since 1996• Approximately 340 undecillion or 3.4×1038 unique addresses – Should last us a lifetime... ‘Small’ detail: Not backwards compatible with IPv4The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 9
  10. 10. The Only Answer: IPv6• You don’t just need bandwidth for growth, you need addresses too!• Squeezing more life out of IPv4 does not scale – Voice and peer-to-peer hit the hardest• Only IPv6 allows continued IP networking growth What do you want the Internet to be like in 5 years?The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 10
  11. 11. IPv6 Adoption Today – Total Membership Basic 13% Moderate 5% No IPv6 57% High 10% Advanced 15%http://ripeness.ripe.netThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 11
  12. 12. World IPv6 Day• More than 400 participants, including – the largest destinations on the Internet – content distribution networks – Internet service and infrastructure providersThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 12
  13. 13. Run both protocols Text while you can
  14. 14. The Effects of Depletion: Trading• An IPv4 address is now a scarce good – This affects the value, and could spur on tradingThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 14
  15. 15. The Effects of Depletion: Stealing• Internet routing is non-hierarchical, open and free• Freedom comes at a price: – You can announce any address block on your router – Accidental errors happen frequently, impact is high – Entire networks become unavailable – Malicious attacks are relatively easy – Mitigation requires intervention from operatorsThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 15
  16. 16. The Solution: Resource Certificates• Issue digital certificates along with the allocation of Internet Resources• Main purposes: – Make Internet routing more secure – Make the Registry more robust – Support trading of resources• Validation is the added valueThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 16
  17. 17. The System certificate authorityThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 17
  18. 18. Our Mission• Quality – Reliability and security of the platform are key – Received highest possible rating in independent audit• Usability – 1-Click set-up of Certificate Authority – Easy drag and drop management – All crypto operations handled by the systemThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 18
  19. 19. Management• RIPE NCC Hosted Platform – WebUI to manage ‘Route Origin Authorisations’ (ROAs) “I authorise this network to originate these IP address blocks” –A valid ROA can only be created by the legitimate holder of the IP address blockThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 19
  20. 20. Validation, Hardware Router Support• Based on open standards – Scheduled on Cisco roadmap for Q4, 2011 – Juniper actively pursuing support as well• RIPE NCC is actively working with Cisco to provide comprehensive open source toolsetThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 20
  21. 21. Adoption of Resource Certification Number of participating RIPE NCC members 500 400 300 200 100 0 January February March April MayThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 21
  22. 22. Adoption of Resource CertificationThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 22
  23. 23. The Future of IP Addressing• IPv4 will no longer allow Internet growth• IPv6 is the only long term answer• The depletion of the IPv4 address pool – affects routing security, which Certification addresses – will spur on IPv4 resource trading (for a limited time) Keep the Internet robust and secure through self-regulation!The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 23
  24. 24. Information and Announcements http://www.ipv6actnow.org http://ripe.net/certificationThe Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 24
  25. 25. Questions?
  26. 26. Talk to us!Alex Band alexb@ripe.net alexander_band linkedin.com/in/alexanderbandAndrew de la Haye andrew@ripe.net http://nl.linkedin.com/pub/andrew-de-la-haye/0/218/903The Future of IP Addressing, 23 June 2011 26

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