Successfully reported this slideshow.
Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

RIPE NCC Update

More Related Content

Related Books

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

RIPE NCC Update

  1. 1. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 RIPE NCC Update
  2. 2. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 2 Regional Internet Registries (RIR) • Five RIRs globally • Each is responsible for a distinct geographical region • Primary role is to register IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and Autonomous System Numbers (ASNs) for use on Internet networks • RIRs are governed by policies that have been developed (“bottom-up”) by their respective communities
  3. 3. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 3 Where are the RIRs?
  4. 4. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 4 Core RIR Functions •Receive large IP address blocks from IANA - Distribute those in smaller blocks to its members - Publish and maintain a list of who has which block - Implement the rules (policies) set by the RIPE community •Support the infrastructure of the Internet through technical coordination •Provide services for the benefit of the Internet community at large IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) Manages global unallocated address pool RIRs (RIPE NCC, ARIN, APNIC, LACNIC, AFRINIC) Manages regional unallocated address pool allocate assign ISPs/LIRs re-allocate re-assign ISPs/LIRs (customer) End User (customer) End User (customer)
  5. 5. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 5 RIPE NCC’s IPv4 Address Pool https://www.ripe.net/manage-ips-and-asns/ipv4/ipv4-available-pool LIRs that have never received an IPv4 allocation from the RIPE NCC are eligible to receive a single /24 allocation
  6. 6. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 6 IPv4 Transfer Market • $22-$30 depending on the size of the block • Increase of demand • Big blocks are becoming scarce
  7. 7. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 7
  8. 8. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 8 Network Address Translation (NAT) • Instead of one IPv4 address per customer - Share a single IPv4 address with multiple customers - Internal addresses only have to be unique locally - Common amongst mobile network operators • However: - It breaks the “openness” of the Internet - Inhibitor to “permissionless innovation” - NATs are expensive to scale - Difficult for law enforcement to identify people behind IPs
  9. 9. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 9 IPv6 0 73
  10. 10. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 10 AE SA OM KW
  11. 11. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 11 Routing Security • Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) • RPKI is a security framework that helps network operators make more informed and secure routing decisions • Ties IP addresses and ASNs to public keys of their rightful holders • Authorised statements from resource holders - “ASN X is authorised to announce my Prefix Y” - Signed, holder of Y •
  12. 12. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 12 RPKI Adoption • Only resource holders with a properly delegated 'right of use' can generate a digital signature that associates Internet number resources with their signing • Resource users can protect information related to their delegated resources with a digital signature • Any attempt to alter this information results in the signature being invalidated
  13. 13. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 13 RPKI
  14. 14. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 14 RPKI by country
  15. 15. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 15 Online Learning • The RIPE Academy - Local Internet Registry, RIPE Database, IPv6 - Enrol and get a certificate (it’s free!) - academy.ripe.net • Webinars - RIPE Database, IPv6 addressing, RIPE Atlas, Internet Governance - You can also watch recordings of past webinars - ripe.net/support/training/learn-online/webinars
  16. 16. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 16 RIPE NCC Certified Professionals • Free vouchers available until March 2021 • Write to exams@ripe.net • ripe.net/certified-professionals
  17. 17. Gergana Petrova | e-Age 20 | 15 December 2020 17 RIPE NCC Country Report: Gulf • Technical overview of the Internet landscape in a country/region • Insights based on RIPE NCC data • For technical communities and decision makers • labs.ripe.net/country-reports/ripe-ncc- internet-country-report-gulf-region Major traffic exchange points in the Gulf region along with round-trip times 
  18. 18. ?Questions gpetrova@ripe.net

×