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IPv6 -
where are we?
Internetdagarna - Stockholm, SE
November 2010
Emile Aben
1Tuesday, 26 October 2010
Internet Resource
Management
2Tuesday, 26 October 2010
The 5 RIRs
3
3Tuesday, 26 October 2010
4
RIPE / RIPE NCC
RIPE
Network operator community
Develops addressing policies
Working groups + mailing lists
Upcoming mee...
IPv4
The old ways
5Tuesday, 26 October 2010
IPv4 Address Distribution
6
Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment
IANA
End User
LIR
RIR
/0
/21
/8
/25/23 /25
6Tuesday, 26...
0
64
128
192
256
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
IPv4 Allocation Timeline
IANA Free ...
IPv4 Address Pool
APNIC
LACNIC
ARIN
AfriNIC
RIPE NCC
Various
Other
5%
available
8
8Tuesday, 26 October 2010
What We Know
• RIRs allocated 14 /8s in 2010 already
• There are 12 /8s remaining at the IANA
- Last 5 /8s are special
• P...
10
Wait and See?
10Tuesday, 26 October 2010
IPv6
“96 more bits, no magic”
Gaurab Upadhaya
11Tuesday, 26 October 2010
IPv6 Address Distribution
12
Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment
IANA
End User
LIR
RIR
/3
/32
/12
/56/48 /48
12Tuesday,...
IPv6 Address Basics
• IPv6 address: 128 bits
- example: 2620:0:1cfe:face:b00c::3
• A subnet (LAN) is a /64
• Assignments f...
Getting an IPv6 allocation (RIR to LIR)
• To qualify you must:
- Be an LIR
- Have a plan for making assignments within two...
Where are we?
3 indicators of IPv6 deployment
15Tuesday, 26 October 2010
IPv4-only to dual-stack - small steps
1.Get IPv6 address space
from RIR (LIR), or ask your upstream ISP
2.Start routing it...
1) IPv6 RIPEness
17
• Rating system:
- One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation
- Additional stars if:
- IPv6 prefix is v...
IPv6 RIPEness – Total Membership
18
No IPv6
70%
4 stars
10%
3 stars
7%
2 stars
4%
1 star
10%
1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 star...
IPv6 RIPEness – Sweden (236 LIRs)
19
No IPv6
62%
4 stars
14%
3 stars
7%
2 stars
3%
1 star
15%
1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 sta...
IPv6 RIPEness – Your Neighborhood
20
54%
1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6
62%
66% 55%
Germany Denmark
NorwayFinland
...
2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing
21
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
All Sweden Norway
21Tues...
2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing
21
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
All Sweden Norway
21Tues...
2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing
21
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
All Sweden Norway
21Tues...
2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing
21
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
All Sweden Norway
21Tues...
3) IPv6 at infrastructure and end-users
• Measuring web clients and the DNS resolvers
they use
• javascript on participati...
IPv6 at clients and resolvers (www.ripe.net)
23
DNS resolvers
(infrastructure)
Web clients
(dual stack)
Web clients
(dual ...
IPv6 client/resolver (SE gov agency website)
24
DNS resolvers
(infrastructure)
Web clients
(dual stack)
Web clients
(dual ...
Side-by-side stats
25
Global Sweden
IPv6 RIPEness
(1+ stars)
IPv6 AS
Dual stack web clients
30%
(RIPE region)
38%
7% 16%
2...
Why act now?
• IPv6 adoption is the only way to ensure
continued Internet growth
• Business continuity/opportunity
- IPv6-...
More information
27Tuesday, 26 October 2010
RIPE IPv6 Working Group
• Launched in 1995 (first meeting at RIPE 22)
• Charter of the RIPE IPv6 Working Group:
28
IPv6 is ...
IPv6 Act Now www.ipv6actnow.org
• One-stop shop for IPv6 information, launched in
June 2009
• Audience includes business, ...
RIPE Labs
• A platform and a tool for the community
• You can
- Test and evaluate new tools and prototypes
- Contribute ne...
RIPE Labs and IPv6
• IPv6 RIPEness
• IPv6 Measurements Compilation
• Measuring IPv6 at Web Clients and Caching
Resolvers
•...
Questions?
32Tuesday, 26 October 2010
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IPv6, Where we are?

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Presentation given by Emile Aben at internetdagarna, Stockholm in October 2010

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IPv6, Where we are?

  1. 1. IPv6 - where are we? Internetdagarna - Stockholm, SE November 2010 Emile Aben 1Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  2. 2. Internet Resource Management 2Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  3. 3. The 5 RIRs 3 3Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  4. 4. 4 RIPE / RIPE NCC RIPE Network operator community Develops addressing policies Working groups + mailing lists Upcoming meetings: Rome 15-19 Nov 2010 Amsterdam May 2011 RIPE NCC In Amsterdam, since 1992 Not for profit membership organisation One of five RIRs - distributes IP & ASN 4Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  5. 5. IPv4 The old ways 5Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  6. 6. IPv4 Address Distribution 6 Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment IANA End User LIR RIR /0 /21 /8 /25/23 /25 6Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  7. 7. 0 64 128 192 256 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 IPv4 Allocation Timeline IANA Free Pool RIR Allocations Advertised RIR Pool Data Projection 220 Today 7 7Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  8. 8. IPv4 Address Pool APNIC LACNIC ARIN AfriNIC RIPE NCC Various Other 5% available 8 8Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  9. 9. What We Know • RIRs allocated 14 /8s in 2010 already • There are 12 /8s remaining at the IANA - Last 5 /8s are special • Projected exhaustion of unallocated IPv4 pool: Early 2011 (in a couple of months!) • IPv6 adoption is the only way to ensure continued Internet growth 9 9Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  10. 10. 10 Wait and See? 10Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  11. 11. IPv6 “96 more bits, no magic” Gaurab Upadhaya 11Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  12. 12. IPv6 Address Distribution 12 Allocation PA Assignment PI Assignment IANA End User LIR RIR /3 /32 /12 /56/48 /48 12Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  13. 13. IPv6 Address Basics • IPv6 address: 128 bits - example: 2620:0:1cfe:face:b00c::3 • A subnet (LAN) is a /64 • Assignments from ISPs to customers between: - /64 (1 subnet) - /48 (65,536 subnets) 13 13Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  14. 14. Getting an IPv6 allocation (RIR to LIR) • To qualify you must: - Be an LIR - Have a plan for making assignments within two years 14 14Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  15. 15. Where are we? 3 indicators of IPv6 deployment 15Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  16. 16. IPv4-only to dual-stack - small steps 1.Get IPv6 address space from RIR (LIR), or ask your upstream ISP 2.Start routing it 3.Enable on servers DNS is a good first candidate Web server Mail server 4.Provide to end-users 16 16Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  17. 17. 1) IPv6 RIPEness 17 • Rating system: - One star if the LIR has an IPv6 allocation - Additional stars if: - IPv6 prefix is visible in global routing - A route6 object is in the RIPE Database - Reverse DNS is set up 17Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  18. 18. IPv6 RIPEness – Total Membership 18 No IPv6 70% 4 stars 10% 3 stars 7% 2 stars 4% 1 star 10% 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 18Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  19. 19. IPv6 RIPEness – Sweden (236 LIRs) 19 No IPv6 62% 4 stars 14% 3 stars 7% 2 stars 3% 1 star 15% 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 19Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  20. 20. IPv6 RIPEness – Your Neighborhood 20 54% 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars No IPv6 62% 66% 55% Germany Denmark NorwayFinland 20Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  21. 21. 2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing 21 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% All Sweden Norway 21Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  22. 22. 2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing 21 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% All Sweden Norway 21Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  23. 23. 2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing 21 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% All Sweden Norway 21Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  24. 24. 2) IPv6 enabled ASs in global routing 21 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% All Sweden Norway 21Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  25. 25. 3) IPv6 at infrastructure and end-users • Measuring web clients and the DNS resolvers they use • javascript on participating websites - www.ripe.net - 5 others (1 in SE!) • Bias by website-audience - allows for adoption stats per audience type 22 22Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  26. 26. IPv6 at clients and resolvers (www.ripe.net) 23 DNS resolvers (infrastructure) Web clients (dual stack) Web clients (dual stack + transition tech) 23Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  27. 27. IPv6 client/resolver (SE gov agency website) 24 DNS resolvers (infrastructure) Web clients (dual stack) Web clients (dual stack + transition tech) 24Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  28. 28. Side-by-side stats 25 Global Sweden IPv6 RIPEness (1+ stars) IPv6 AS Dual stack web clients 30% (RIPE region) 38% 7% 16% 2% (techies) < 0.5% (govt) Are we ready for IPv4 depletion? 25Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  29. 29. Why act now? • IPv6 adoption is the only way to ensure continued Internet growth • Business continuity/opportunity - IPv6-only parties can still communicate with you • To calm your panicked CEO when he reads about IPv4 depletion • For governments: - How is an IPv6-only citizen going to e-vote or file e- tax? 26 26Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  30. 30. More information 27Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  31. 31. RIPE IPv6 Working Group • Launched in 1995 (first meeting at RIPE 22) • Charter of the RIPE IPv6 Working Group: 28 IPv6 is the next generation IP protocol. The IPv6 working group exists to promote IPv6 adoption. The working group activities may be anything useful in helping people to deploy IPv6, and to manage IPv4/IPv6 co-existence. These activities include: - Outreach - Education - Sharing deployment experiences - Discussing and fixing operational issues The working group will cooperate with operators and others, both inside and outside the networking industry, to share resources and combine efforts. 28Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  32. 32. IPv6 Act Now www.ipv6actnow.org • One-stop shop for IPv6 information, launched in June 2009 • Audience includes business, government and technical communities 29 • Sections include: - How To Act Now - Community interviews - Statistics - RSS feed of IPv6-related news and developments - Links and information 29Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  33. 33. RIPE Labs • A platform and a tool for the community • You can - Test and evaluate new tools and prototypes - Contribute new ideas and research results - Discover and discuss in forums and blogs 30 30Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  34. 34. RIPE Labs and IPv6 • IPv6 RIPEness • IPv6 Measurements Compilation • Measuring IPv6 at Web Clients and Caching Resolvers • Untunneling IPv6 • IPv6 CPE Survey 31 31Tuesday, 26 October 2010
  35. 35. Questions? 32Tuesday, 26 October 2010

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