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Persistent Identifiers in Scholarly Communications - Christine Orr at SSP 2016


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Persistent Identifiers in Scholarly Communications: What, Why, How, Where, and Who?
Persistent identifiers (PID) are vital to a strong research infrastructure. Unambiguous connections between people, places, and things that PIDs enable build trust in, improve discoverability of, and enable recognition for research contributions. And, in a world where researchers and their institutions are increasingly required to report on their research contributions across multiple systems, it’s critical to be able to do so in as simple, streamlined, and accurate a way as possible. PIDs can help by enabling the automated processes, validating and ensuring correct attribution of works, and facilitating discoverability across multiple platforms and systems. This session brought together representatives from organizations that create different types of PIDs with those who use them. After a brief introduction to what PIDs are and why they’re important, the panel demonstrated how they are being used in researcher systems and workflows, provided an update on recent and upcoming developments, and discussed the challenges and opportunities for widespread adoption of PIDs across the scholarly community. Speakers induded a publisher, a librarian, a manuscript submission system vendor, and representatives from PID organizations. The session included a brief overview from each followed by an informal panel discussion and audience Q&A.

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Persistent Identifiers in Scholarly Communications - Christine Orr at SSP 2016

  1. 1. Persistent Identifiers in Scholarly Communications Society for Scholarly Publishing 2 June 2016 Christine Orr
  2. 2. INSTITUTIONAL IDENTIFIERS: One piece of the new infrastructure
  3. 3. Who (or what) is Ringgold? • Ringgold is a small, for-profit, database publisher • 2003: Identify Database & the Ringgold ID are born out of a project to disambiguate the institutional subscribers to OUP journals • This was not a unique problem • Over the past decade, Ringgold has met the requirements necessary to create a trusted PID to identify institutions. • Sustainability - has to be there • Currency - must be maintained • Governance - rules matter • Extensible - ability to add new records People PlacesThings
  4. 4. Is the Ringgold ID a standard? Not an ISO standard….but: Interoperable with and mapped to standards & IDs (ISNI, IPEDs, etc.) Widely accepted: 24 of the top 25 academic publishers plus intermediaries, NGOs, and governments - more than 70 organizations in our space - have implemented the Ringgold ID. • Copyright Clearance Center • ScholarOne Manuscripts • ORCID • Elsevier • Taylor & Francis • OUP • AAAS/Science • Wolters Kluwer • Royal Society of Chemistry • Kudos • IET • NEJM/Massachusetts Medical Soc • Portuguese govt: Foundation for Science and Technology • Aries Editorial Manager • ProQuest • PLoS • Am Chemical Society • Am Psychological Assn • SAO/NASA Astrophysical Data System
  5. 5. Institutions Play Multiple Roles Affiliations of Individuals: • Authors • Editors • Reviewers • Past & present • Educational • Employment • Volunteer Functions in Scholarly Comms: • Licensee • Funder of research • Publisher • Payer of APC • Member institutions • Intermediaries • Operator of CRIS systems
  6. 6. Identifying Institutions: How hard can it be? • Hierarchies: Subsidiary components & complex relationships …also • Who is responsible for the entity’s record? • There are different types which are crucial to understanding them • There are more of them than first meets the eye
  7. 7. 420K institutions in scholarly communications • Global, multi-sector coverage • Extensible: grows to meet the needs of those who have adopted it • Built by hand • Governed & maintained
  8. 8. Identify: Three Key Features Metadata Hierarchies Ringgold ID Univ Calif System UCLA Med School Coll of L&S UCSD Div of Physical Sci UCLA: Univ Calif Los Angeles8783 UCLA: Universidad Centroccidental Lisandro Alvarado 33177 UCLA: Universidad Contemporanea de las Americas 376277 SizeTier Subject Sector + MoreLocation
  9. 9. The Thing Inside the Thing Ringgold’s Mission To provide identifiers and structured data to power the efficient exchange of information throughout the scholarly research community ...and beyond.
  10. 10. Thank you Christine Orr Sales Director, North America Tel: 540.359.6620 Clean Data. Confident Decisions.