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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Raquel D. Esguerra RN, MAN, CCRN

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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Raquel D. Esguerra RN, MAN, CCRN

  1. 1. MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Raquel D. Esguerra RN, MAN, CCRN
  2. 2. Medical Terminology <ul><li>A vocabulary for accurately describing the human body and associated components, conditions, processes, and procedures in a science-based manner </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the concept of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word roots – derived from a source language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Greek or Latin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prefixes – can be added in front of the term to modify the root word by giving additional information about the location of an organ, the number of parts, or time involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffixes – attached to the end of the word root to add meaning such as condition, disease process, or procedure </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. RULES <ul><li>The word root is developed to include a vowel sound following the term to add a smoothing action to the sound of the word when applying a suffix </li></ul><ul><li>The formation of a new term with a vowel attached is called a combining form </li></ul><ul><li>(word root + vowel) </li></ul><ul><li>The most common vowel used in the formation of the combining form in the English language is the letter “o” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Decoding medical terms <ul><li>Break down the word by evaluating the meaning of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the suffix first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then, the prefix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finally, the word root – requires the understanding of the term and the source language </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Examples <ul><li>KIDNEYS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 primary roots: Greek – nefr (os) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Latin - ren (es) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renal failure – condition of the kidneys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEPHRITIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SUFFIX :” it is-” means inflammation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>inflammation of the kidney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SUPRARENAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PREFIX : “–supra –” means above </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>situated above the kidney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEPHROLOGIST </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SUFFIX: “ –ologist” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one who studies the kidneys </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>“ CARDIACUS” concerning the heart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek “kardia” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A person suffering from a heart related illness, “ The patient suffered from a kardia event ( does not make sense) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Addition of the suffix “ac” the statement would be, “The patient suffered from a cardiac event.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. For more information - <ul><li>KMLE Medical Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Etymology Anatomy </li></ul><ul><li>Stedman’s Online Medical Dictionary, 27 th Edition </li></ul><ul><li>University of Maryland Glossary of Medical Terms </li></ul>
  8. 8. With gratitude to - <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved February 13, 2007 </li></ul>

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