Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Download Power Point


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Download Power Point

  1. 1. HOSPICE: OPTIMIZING PALLIATIVE CARE FOR PATIENTS WITH ESRD Judith A. Skretny, M.A. The Center for Hospice & Palliative Care Buffalo, New York
  2. 2. <ul><li>We have been challenged by the RWJF ESRD Workgroup </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>New and Innovative Models of Care </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Hospice? <ul><li>Is it similar to or different from Palliative Care? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hospice <ul><li>A Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>A Program </li></ul><ul><li>A Facility </li></ul><ul><li>A Benefit </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hospice Philosophy <ul><li>Palliative care for terminally ill patients and their families </li></ul><ul><li>Control of distressing physical symptoms, psychological and spiritual support, and bereavement care </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary team of professionals and volunteers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Primary Hospice Services <ul><li>Physical symptom control-pain, nausea, dyspnea, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>HHA services-bathing, dressing, feeding </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosocial counseling-patient and family </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual support-patient and family </li></ul><ul><li>Completion of advance directives, wills, funeral planning </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Bereavement services </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Interdisciplinary Team <ul><li>Hospice medical director </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Social work </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral care </li></ul><ul><li>Home health aides </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Bereavement programs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Where Can Hospice Services Can Be Received? <ul><li>Home </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing Home </li></ul><ul><li>In-Patient Units </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Hospice Benefit Includes: <ul><li>All drugs related to terminal illness </li></ul><ul><li>All durable medical equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Therapies: OT, PT, music, massage, dietary </li></ul><ul><li>Other services as approved in plan of care: radiation, chemoRx, TPN, Tx, hydration, surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Hospice receives approx. $106/day to provide these services </li></ul>
  11. 11. Eligibility for Hospice Care <ul><li>MD certified prognosis <6 mos. If disease pursues its usual course </li></ul><ul><li>Any terminal diagnosis is appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment goals are palliative rather than “curative” </li></ul><ul><li>No therapy excluded pro forma </li></ul><ul><li>No DNR required </li></ul>
  12. 12. Medicare Hospice Benefit <ul><li>Elect Hospice benefit for terminal illness, sign off Medicare A (hospital) </li></ul><ul><li>PMD may remain primary, bills Part B </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit periods/90/90/60….days </li></ul><ul><li>Patient recertified as hospice eligible at beginning of each benefit period … unlimited recertifications </li></ul><ul><li>Patient may revoke at any time </li></ul>
  13. 13. Myths: Hospice doesn’t “admit” patients who <ul><li>Don’t have cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have a DNR </li></ul><ul><li>Are receiving tube feedings or TPN or IVs </li></ul><ul><li>Are receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Need palliative surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have a primary caregiver </li></ul>
  14. 14. Unfortunate Reality: <ul><li>Patients with ESRD who continue to receive dialysis cannot access their hospice benefit. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hospice <ul><li>Interdisiciplinary, compassionate, competent end-of-life care that aims to relieve suffering and promote QOL for patients and their families </li></ul>
  16. 16. Palliative Care and Hospice <ul><li>A hospice program provides palliative care and supportive services to terminally ill patients, their families and significant others throughout the course of the illness and into bereavement. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Hospice is the pre-eminent practitioner of palliative care
  19. 19. Palliative Care <ul><li>No specific therapy is excluded from consideration. The test of palliative treatment lies in the agreement…that the expected outcome is relief from distressing symptoms, easing of pain, and improvement in quality of life. </li></ul><ul><li>The decision to intervene is based on the treatment’s ability to meet the stated goals, rather than its effect on the underlying disease. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Barriers to Hospice Referrals: <ul><li>Death Denying Society – “giving up”, “hope” </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine is a death defying profession </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of training/information </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty re: prognostication </li></ul><ul><li>Belief that Hospice is for the last days of life </li></ul>
  21. 21. Opportunities for Collaboration <ul><li>Hospices and Dialysis Units are Natural Partners in Providing: </li></ul><ul><li>End-of-life education for staff, patients, families </li></ul><ul><li>Advance care planning seminars for patients and families </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars for staff, patients and families on anticipatory grief, spirituality </li></ul>
  22. 22. Hospices can assist dialysis units by providing: <ul><li>Training in having “difficult” conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Support groups for staff of dialysis units </li></ul><ul><li>Information on how to discuss Hospice as part of care planning </li></ul><ul><li>Direction on developing bereavement services </li></ul>
  23. 23. Hospices can assist the medical community by providing: <ul><li>Rotation opportunities for nephrologists </li></ul><ul><li>Medical student education </li></ul><ul><li>University affiliated training for social workers, PT, OT, nurses, potential nephrology specialists </li></ul>
  24. 24. When the decision has been made to stop dialysis: <ul><li>Hospices and Dialysis Units can create a seamless referral process into Hospice that ensures the: </li></ul><ul><li>Same physician will follow the patient </li></ul><ul><li>The process of admission is simple </li></ul><ul><li>Possible scenarios are anticipated and discussed </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. dyspnea, seizures </li></ul><ul><li>The patient and family are supported psychologically and spiritually </li></ul><ul><li>Children in the family will receive support from child life specialists </li></ul>
  25. 25. Innovative Programs <ul><li>VNA & Hospice of Cooley-Dickinson </li></ul><ul><li>Northampton, MA </li></ul>
  26. 26. Self-Determined Life Closure <ul><li>The Death of Ivan Ilyich – Tolstoy </li></ul><ul><li>“ What tormented Ivan Ilyich most was the deception, the lie…that he was not dying but was simply ill, and that he only need keep quiet and undergo treatment and then something very good would result.” </li></ul>