Diabetes Melissa Bess Nutrition and Health Education Specialist FNEP STAFF TRAINING ONLY, DO NOT USE WITH FNEP PARTICIPANT...
Overview <ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>What is diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose  </li></ul><ul><li>Types o...
Statistics <ul><li>20.8 million children and adults </li></ul><ul><li>7% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>14.6 million ...
What is diabetes? <ul><li>Carbs digested into glucose </li></ul><ul><li>Glucose = energy for cells </li></ul><ul><li>Insul...
When things work correctly Glucose enters the cell
What goes wrong in diabetes (Slide depicts insulin resistance – Body can’t use insulin)
Blood glucose <ul><li>Hypoglycemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low blood glucose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hyperglycemia </li></ul>...
Types of diabetes <ul><li>Type I  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Body does NOT produce insulin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-10% of ...
Types of diabetes <ul><li>Gestational diabetes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4% of pregnant women in the U.S. each year </li></ul>...
Symptoms of developing diabetes <ul><li>Extreme thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained ...
Diabetes pyramid/nutrition Source: American Diabetes Association
Diabetes pyramid/nutrition <ul><li>Carbs </li></ul><ul><li>What food groups are higher in carbs? </li></ul><ul><li>Differe...
Chronic diseases <ul><li>Those with diabetes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2x higher risk for heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Prevention of diabetes <ul><li>Healthy eating </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise helps cell uptake ...
Are you at risk? <ul><li>Let’s take the quiz </li></ul>
Myths about diabetes <ul><li>Eating too much sugar causes diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>You should never eat carbs if you hav...
For more info <ul><li>American Diabetes Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.diabetes.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Diabetes

5,274 views

Published on

1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
5,274
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
239
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Diabetes

  1. 1. Diabetes Melissa Bess Nutrition and Health Education Specialist FNEP STAFF TRAINING ONLY, DO NOT USE WITH FNEP PARTICIPANTS 07/2007
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>What is diabetes? </li></ul><ul><li>Blood glucose </li></ul><ul><li>Types of diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes pyramid/nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Relation to other chronic diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Are you at risk? </li></ul><ul><li>Myths about diabetes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Statistics <ul><li>20.8 million children and adults </li></ul><ul><li>7% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>14.6 million = diagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>6.2 million = unaware </li></ul><ul><li>About equal in men and women </li></ul><ul><li>2 to 4 times higher in non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, and Asian/Pacific than non-Hispanic whites </li></ul><ul><li>5 th deadliest disease in U.S., no cure </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is diabetes? <ul><li>Carbs digested into glucose </li></ul><ul><li>Glucose = energy for cells </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin (hormone) “unlocks” cells for glucose </li></ul><ul><li>In diabetes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough insulin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulin doesn’t work properly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exact cause is mystery but genetics and environment plays a role </li></ul>
  5. 5. When things work correctly Glucose enters the cell
  6. 6. What goes wrong in diabetes (Slide depicts insulin resistance – Body can’t use insulin)
  7. 7. Blood glucose <ul><li>Hypoglycemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low blood glucose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hyperglycemia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High blood glucose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fasting blood glucose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy = under 100 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-diabetes = 100-125 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes – 125 or higher </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Types of diabetes <ul><li>Type I </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Body does NOT produce insulin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-10% of Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to be called “juvenile-onset” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Type II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulin resistance – body doesn’t use insulin properly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be combined with insulin deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger percentage of people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to be called “adult-onset” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Types of diabetes <ul><li>Gestational diabetes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4% of pregnant women in the U.S. each year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually goes away after pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre-diabetes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher blood glucose levels than normal, but not high enough for diagnosis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>54 million Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper steps can delay or prevent diabetes </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Symptoms of developing diabetes <ul><li>Extreme thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent urination </li></ul><ul><li>Unexplained weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Contact a doctor if you exhibit these symptoms </li></ul>
  11. 11. Diabetes pyramid/nutrition Source: American Diabetes Association
  12. 12. Diabetes pyramid/nutrition <ul><li>Carbs </li></ul><ul><li>What food groups are higher in carbs? </li></ul><ul><li>Differences from Mypyramid </li></ul><ul><li>Serving sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Heart-healthy eating </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber, vitamins, minerals, etc. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chronic diseases <ul><li>Those with diabetes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2x higher risk for heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4x higher risk for stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other complications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teeth/gum problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People with diabetes must take care of themselves! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prevention of diabetes <ul><li>Healthy eating </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise helps cell uptake glucose more effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lose extra weight </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor blood glucose </li></ul>
  15. 15. Are you at risk? <ul><li>Let’s take the quiz </li></ul>
  16. 16. Myths about diabetes <ul><li>Eating too much sugar causes diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>You should never eat carbs if you have diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>If you have pre-diabetes, there is nothing you can do to prevent Type II diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>You can catch diabetes from someone else </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar raises blood glucose/blood sugar more than other carbs do </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs and natural supplements can help prevent or treat diabetes </li></ul>
  17. 17. For more info <ul><li>American Diabetes Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.diabetes.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// diabetes.niddk.nih.gov / </li></ul></ul>

×