Place: Florence, Italy
Birth: May 12, 1820 (International
Daughter of a wealthy landowner,
William Nightingale, who later took
responsibility for her education,
teaching her statistics, languages,
history, mathematics, etc.
Her father provided her with
reputable education which was
uncommon for a Victorian
o At seventeen she
experienced what she
felt as a “divine call”.
o She visited sick people at
o In 1851, her father gave
her permission to train
as a nurse.
THE CRIMEAN WAR (1854 –
England and France were helping Turkey in
a war against Russia.
o France, England and Turkey
declared war to Russia.
o Soon after the British soldiers
arrived in Turkey they started to die
from cholera and malaria.
o When the government heard about
this they had to change their minds
about women nursing men.
THE CRIMEAN WAR (1854 – 1856)
England and France were helping Turkey in a war
Russia & France had religious
sisters to care for their
But England had only trained
Florence Nightingale received
a letter of appeal from the
Minister of war
With 38 nurses from Catholic
and Protestant Orders she set
Wounded soldiers were
transported by sea to the
Through her tireless efforts the mortality rate among the
sick and the wounded was greatly reduced (from 42% to
• 5 – 6 nurses shared one room
including eating and sleeping. They -
• Scrubbed and cleaned, improved
• Procured soaps, towels and clothing
• Opened diet kitchens, made good
• Visited the sick and wrote letters for
• Set up laundries, reading rooms and
post offices for them
“THE LADY WITH THE
o At night she carried a lamp
while taking rounds from
room to room to look after
This earned her the
affectionate title of "Lady
with the Lamp."
The soldiers kissed her
shadow as she passed by and
got solace from their
A FACELIFT TO NURSING
She founded the Nightingale School and
Home for Nurses using money donated in
tribute to her services.
The school marked the beginning of
professional education in the nursing field.
Her book Notes on hospitals’ and ‘Notes on
Nursing’ became the first definitive textbook
for the field.
Through selfless devotion and sheer
determination, Florence Nightingale
transformed the profession of nursing forever.
She gave dignity and honor to Nursing, and
revolutionized hospital conditions, making
them more organized and above all, sanitary.
1907 – King Edward conferred on her the
‘Order of Merit’
When she grew old…
o Florence Nightingale lived
to a ripe old age of 90 years.
13 Aug 1910 - She died
peacefully in her sleep
Today the Nurses take the
Florence Nightingale pledge
before being formally
initiated into the profession
"The ultimate destination of all nursing is the nursing of the
sick in their own homes.... I look to the abolition of all
hospitals and workhouse infirmaries."
– Florence Nightingale
"To do what nobody else will do, a way that nobody else can do,
inspite of all we go through; is to be a NURSE.”
- Rawsi Williams