Spain Vs USA


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Presentation comparing Spain against the USA in topics such as economy, health, education...
Final project of culture of Spanish IV.
Clarinda High School, 2009/10.

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Spain Vs USA

  1. 1. Education<br />
  2. 2. Literacy Rates<br />Spain<br />total population: 97.9%<br />male: 98.7%<br />female: 97.2% (2003 est.)<br />United States<br />total population: 99%<br />male: 99%<br />female: 99% (2003 est.)<br />
  3. 3. School Life Expectancies<br />Spain<br />total: 16 years<br />male: 16 years<br />female: 17 years (2006)<br />United States<br />total: 16 years<br />male: 15 years<br />female: 16 years (2006)<br />
  4. 4. Education Expenditures<br />Spain<br />4.2% of GDP (2005)<br />United Staes<br />5.3% of GDP (2005)<br />
  5. 5. Drop-out Rates<br />Spain<br />50% by third year (age 16)<br />25-30% after that<br />Worst country in all of Europe<br />United States<br />70% Graduation Rate<br />
  6. 6. University Costs<br />Spain<br />Private: $8,000 to $12,000/year<br />Public: FREE<br />United States<br />Private 4-year: $26,273/year<br />Public 4-year: $7,020/year<br />Public 2-year: $2,544/year<br />
  7. 7. Economic and Governmental Comparisons<br />
  8. 8. GDP<br />Spain’s GDP (PPP) - $1.395 trillion (12th).<br />Spain’s GDP Per Capita - $30,588 (28th).<br /><ul><li>U.S. GDP (PPP) – $14.444 trillion (1st).
  9. 9. U.S. GDP Per Capita – $47,440 (6th).</li></li></ul><li>Government<br />Spain<br />Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional Monarchy<br />King – Juan Carlos I<br />Prime Minister – José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero.<br />USA<br /><ul><li>Federal Constitutional Republic
  10. 10. President – BarackO’bama
  11. 11. Vice President – Joe Biden.</li></li></ul><li>American Wages<br />Spanish Wages<br />This year, for the first time, Spain has joined the top 10 countries possessing the most dollar millionaires (or some €800,000) in terms of liquid financial assets (cash, bank deposits, stocks and bonds). According to the World Wealth Report produced by the investment bank Merrill Lynch, there are now 148,600 Spanish millionaires—an increase of nearly 6 percent last year. Although the report found nearly 1,500 of these millionaires had financial assets worth more than €24 million, Spain’s tax agency reports that only 65 people had declared they were worth more than €30 million for tax purposes.<br /><ul><li>There are about 240 American billionaires.
  12. 12. 275,000 American households have a net worth of $10 million or more.
  13. 13. About four million Americans (1.4%) have a net worth of $1 million or more.
  14. 14. About five percent of households are considered high income and are defined as households that earn more than $90,000 annually.
  15. 15. The median household income for all 50 states in 2004 is $44,000.
  16. 16. However the gap between the wealthy and poor is quite large in America.</li></li></ul><li>American Tax Stats<br />
Type of Return Number of Returns Gross Collections(Millions of $) <br />Individual income tax 138,893,908 1,366,241<br />Corporation income tax 2,507,728  395,536<br />Employment taxes    30,740,592  849,733 <br />Excise taxes  907,165 53,050<br />Gift tax 252,522 2,420<br />Estate tax  49,924 24,558<br />Spanish Tax Stats<br />Income (above allowances) Spain’s national tax rate Provincial tax rate Total tax rate<br />€0 - €17,707 15.66% 8.34% 24% <br />€17,707 - €33,007 18.27% 9.73% 28% <br />€33,007 - €53,407 24.14% 12.86% 37% <br />€53,407 and above 27.13% 15.87% 43% <br />
  17. 17. Youth Entertainment in Spain & USA<br />
  18. 18. Cellular Devices <br />USA Cell Phone Statistics<br />90% of youth over the age of 7 have cell phones<br />88% use cell phones frequently<br />Spain Cell Phone Statistics<br />96% of youth have cell phones<br />92% use cell phones frequently<br />
  19. 19. Internet Usage<br />USA<br />10% of people in USA have dial-up connection<br />30% don’t have internet home internet access<br />Spain<br />70% use internet<br />76% agree with the affirmation that Internet serves to “communicate with people who defend ideas similar to ours. <br />
  20. 20. Leisure Time<br />USA<br />Youth in school have an average of 4 hours of free time a day<br />2 in 5 American teens get drunk at least 4 times a month<br />Spain<br />Youth in school have an average of 6 hours a of free time a day<br />1 in 4 Spanish teens get drunk at least 3 times a month<br />
  21. 21. Life Expectancy<br />U.S. vs. Spain<br />
  22. 22. Factors <br />Vaccination<br />Improvements in motor vehicle safety<br />Safer workplaces<br />Control of infectious diseases<br />Safer and healthier foods<br />Healthier mothers and babies<br />Family planning<br />Flouridation of drinking water<br />Recognition of tobacco use as a health hazard<br />Decline in deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke<br />*U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention list of top 10 greatest health achievements contributing to life expectancy<br />
  23. 23. Vaccination/Control of Infectious Disease Comparison<br />Spain<br />96-97% of 1-year-old children are vaccinated against infectious diseases.<br />United States<br />About 90% of 1-year-old children are vaccinated.<br />In 2009 the Institute of Medicine came up with a National Vaccine Plan that has made the process faster for developing new vaccinations. <br />
  24. 24. Motor Vehicle Safety Comparison<br />Spain<br />Speed limit is 75 mph on motorways.<br />Speed limit is 55-60 mph on open road.<br />Speed limit is 30 mph in town.<br />There is radar enforcement.<br />Cell phones are not allowed while driving.<br />Front and back seat belts are required. <br />Legal drinking age is 18.<br />United States<br />Speed limit is 70-75 mph on motorways.<br />Speed limit is 55-60 mph on open road.<br />Speed limit is 20-35 mph in town.<br />There is radar enforcement.<br />Cell phone laws vary by state.<br />Seat belt laws vary by state.<br />Legal drinking age is 21.<br />
  25. 25. Workplace Safety Comparison<br />Spain<br />Number of mild accidents (per 100,000)- 921.787<br />Number of serious accidents (per 100.000)- 8.830<br />Number of Deaths (per 100.000)- 846<br />United States<br />Number of deaths (per 100,000)- 212<br />Number of mild injuries (per 100,000)- 452<br />
  26. 26. Safer and Healthier Foods Comparison<br />Spain<br />Foods in restaurants have more vegetables.<br />Restaurants are working on maintaining good hygienic practices in the restaurants.<br />United States<br />Nutrition labels are required on every food item or drink for sale.<br />Every child is required to take a health course in high school.<br />Public schools are required to follow the food pyramid guide.<br />
  27. 27. Healthier Mothers/Babies Comparison<br />There are generally nine checkups, one per month.<br />Ultrasounds are done in the same room as the ordinary checkup.<br />United States<br />There are prenatal programs in every state.<br />The average number of prenatal checkups is 13.<br />The major factor of infant mortality is low birth weight.<br />
  28. 28. EnvioRment<br />United States vs. Spain<br />Weather<br />Terrain<br />Urbanism<br />
  29. 29. Central Business DistRict<br />United States<br />Builds suburbs and malls around cities<br />Skyscrapers overtake the center of cities<br />Apartments circle the center of the cities and then expand<br />Spanish<br />Builds big buildings and skyscrapers and malls around the middle of the cities.<br />Old buildings make up downtowns and a big part of Spanish cities.<br />Residents live inside the cities. <br />
  30. 30. Landscape/ Terrain<br />United States<br />Southeast: Mississippi River, Ohio, and Tennesse Rivers<br />Mideast: rolling hills and productive farmland<br />Midwest: Great Plains, Rocky Mountains, plateaus, desert<br />Southern: Great Basin, small flats, drainage basins, small mountain ranges<br />Southwest: low lying desert region<br />Bordered by Canada, Mexico, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans<br />East: broad, flat coastal plain lines Atlantic and Gulf shores. Texas/Mexico- New York City<br />Areas further in feature rolling hills and temperate forests<br />Appalachian Mountains, Great Lakes, and rivers such as the Mississippi.<br />Hawaii and Alaska<br />Alaska: mountains from broad, flat tundra plains<br />Hawaii: volcanoes<br />
  31. 31. Landscape/ Terrain<br />Spain<br />Mainland is dominated by high plateaus and mountain ranges, such as Sierra Nevada<br />Rivers run from the mountains: Tagus, Ebro, Duero, Guadiana, and Guadalquivi<br />Alluvial plains along the coast<br />Surrounded by a mountain range, Portugal, and the Atlantic Ocean<br />
  32. 32. Climate Of United States<br />Semiarid- Western U.S.<br />Mediterranean Climate- California<br />Humid Continental- Northeast<br />Highland Climate- Mountains in West<br />MidlatitudeDester- Southwest<br />Humid Subtropical Climate- Southeast<br />Marine West Coast- Northwest Coast<br />Tropical Wet/Dry Season- Florida Tip<br />Rain<br />Falls mostly in Marine West Coast, then South East, Northeast, then Middle West, North to South<br />
  33. 33. Climate of Spain<br />Continental Mediterranean Climate- inland areas of the peninsula<br />Oceanic Climate- Galicia and coastal strip near the Bay of Biscay. Often known as Green Spain<br />Semiarid Climate- Southeast<br />Mediterranean Climate- From Andalusian Plain, on the seaward side of the mountain ranges that run near the coast<br />Subtropical Climate- Canary Islands, casts of Granada and Malaga<br />Rain:<br />Falls mainly in the northern mountains. Does not stay mainly in the plains.<br />
  34. 34. Art in Spain<br />Spain has a wonderfully artistic heritage!<br />During the Golden Age, artists such as El Greco and Diego Velázquez emerged.<br />In the 18th century, Francisco de Goya became Spain’s most prolific painter with his unflattering portraits of royalty.<br />The 20th century soon came and with it brought new artists such as Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Joan Miró, and Salvador Dalí became ambassadors of the artistic culture in Spain.<br />
  35. 35. Art in the United States<br />Compared with Spain, art in the United States is somewhat bland. While Spanish artists were doing impressionist work in the 18th century, many artists in the United states were focused on doing landscapes and portraits in a realistic style.<br />Famous American artists include Jackson Pollock, Norman Rockwell, Andy Warhol, and Dorothea Lange.<br />
  36. 36. Music in Spain<br />Music in Spain is very diverse from region to region and has had a huge impact on music throughout the world.<br />The Spanish guitar was invented in Andalusia in the 1790’s when a sixth string was added to the Moorish lute. Flamenco music is also very popular in Andalusia. It consists of three forms: the song, the dance, and the guitar.<br />The music of Galicia is influenced by Ireland and France.<br />Also, the contemporary music scene in Spain, centered in Madrid and Barcelona, has made strong contributions to contemporary music within the areas of Pop, rock, hip hop, and heavy metal music.<br />Spain has also had a huge role in the history of classical music from Renaissance composers like Tomás Luis de Victoria to the zarzuela of Spanish opera to the ballets of Manuel de Falla.<br />
  37. 37. Literature in Spain<br />Fernando de Rojas wrote the book Celestina in 1499. This book is considered to be one of the greatest in Spanish literature, and maks the end of medieval literature and the beginning of the literary renaissance in Spain.<br />Another famous author of Spain is Miguel de Cervantes. He wrote two volumes a decade apart of Don Quixote. Don Quixote was one of the most influential works of literature to emerge from the Spanish Golden Age.<br />
  38. 38. Spanish Cinema<br />Luis Buñuel was the first filmmaker to achieve universal recognition, and soon after him came Pedro Almodóvar in the 1980s. Other famous Spanish directors are Segundo de Chomón, Florián Rey, Luis GarcíaBerlanga, Juan Antonia Bardem, Carlos Saura, Julio Médem, and Alejandro Amenábar. <br />Famous Spanish actors include Antonia Banderas, Penélope Cruz, and José Luis Garci.<br />