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Participatory approach 2


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Participatory approach 2

  1. 1. The concern :  The history of participatory approach  what is the participatory approach?  What is the goal of this method?  How principles of the participatory approach?  What is the conclusion of the participatory approach? 1
  2. 2. History of participatory approach Participatory approach is brainchild of brazilian language educator paulo freire. the participatory approach is under the umbrella of Content-Based Instruction (CBI) in that uses topics for specific purposes. 2
  3. 3. What is the participatory approach? Participatory approach is a teaching strategy that incorporates themes or content area that are of interest to the learners. 3
  4. 4.  To use the language learning as a tool to provide the solution to social problems.  To help the students to understand the social, historical, or cultural forces that affects their live.  To help the empower students to take action and make dicision in order to gain control over their live. 4
  5. 5. The principles of the participatory approach  Would happen in the classroom, should be connected with the happens outside that has relevance to the student.  Education is most effective when it is experience-centered, when it relates to the tudents real needs.  When knowladge is jointly constructed, it becomes a tool to help students find voice and by finding their voices, students can act in the world. Students learn to see themselves as social and political beings.  Students can creat their own materials, which, in turn, can become texts for other students  A goal of participatory approach is for the student to be evaluating their own learning and to increasingly direct it themselves. 5
  6. 6. conclusion Learning to communicate by communicating, rather than by preparing to do so through practicing the various pieces of language, is different way to approach the goal of dveloping the students’ communicative competence. The paticipant of the teacher are needed by the student to get the problem solving for their learning. Mainly, for handle their problem in their daily live. 6
  7. 7. References  Howatt, A. P. R.1984, A History of English language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.  Larsen-Freeman, D. & Anderson, M. (2011). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. NY: Oxford UP.  Ross, D. (1995). A review of Aurbach’s Making Meaning, Making Change: Participatory Curriculum Development of Adult ESL Literacy. Teaching Language as a Second or Foreign Language. 1(3), n.p.  Schiro, M. (2008). Curriculum Theory: Conflicting Visions and Enduring Concerns. LA: Sage Publication. 7