The Mysteries of Space. Korkina Irina


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This presentation was prepared and successfully used at the lessons during World Space Week 2013 by Korkina I.N., the teacher of English, Gymnasium 114, St.Petersburg, Russia.

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The Mysteries of Space. Korkina Irina

  1. 1. The Mysteries of Space World Space Week October 2013
  2. 2. Our Universe…. The universe contains around 50,000,000,000 galaxies, each of which has between 100,000,000,000 and 1,000,000,000,000 stars.
  3. 3. It is full of mysteries
  4. 4. Why did the dinosaurs die?
  5. 5. They lived on the earth millions years ago
  6. 6. Many years ago a comet stroke Yucatan, forming the giant crater and causing the extinction of dinosaurs. (Image courtesy of Don Davis/NASA)
  7. 7. The giant Crater This 150-kilometer-wide crater lies just off the Yucatan peninsula. Scientists calculate that it was blasted into Earth by a 10-kilometer-wide asteroid or comet traveling 30 kilometers per second -- 150 times faster than a jet airliner.
  8. 8. Comets Comets are cosmic snowballs of frozen gases, rock and dust roughly the size of a small town. When a comet's orbit brings it close to the sun, it heats up and spews dust and gases into a giant glowing head larger than most planets. The dust and gases form a tail that stretches away from the sun for millions of kilometers.
  9. 9. Halley's comet, named after the astronomer Edmund Halley for calculating its orbit. Photo of 1910 Comet Holmes, 2007 Comet Hale-Bopp, Croatia, 1997 Halley's Comet appeared at The Battle of Hastings in 1066
  10. 10. Meteorites It is an object that has come from somewhere in space. A meteorite can be very small or extremely large. Willamete Meteorite discovered in the US state of Oregon Canyon Diablo iron meteorite Fragment, 2,641 gra The largest known meteorite.
  11. 11. Star (Meteor) Showers Name Quadrantid s Night of January 2 Sets shortly before dawn Lyrids Night of April 21 In view most of the night Eta Aquarids Nights of May 4/5 Early morning crescent Perseids Nights of August 11/12 Sets after midnight Orionids Night of October 21 In view most of the night Leonids The next meteor shower is the Orionids on the night of October 21 Date of Peak Moon Night of November 16 Full Geminids Nights of December 12/13 In view most of the night Timetable of meteor showers
  12. 12. Lake Chebarkul The gigantic meteorite crashed into the central Russian area of Chelyabinsk on February 15, 2013. It was the largest meteorite to hit the Earth in more than 100 years
  13. 13. A fragment of the Russian meteorite
  14. 14. UFO Unidentified Flying Object
  15. 15. Lots and lots and lots…
  16. 16. Aliens
  17. 17. What do they want?
  18. 18. The Sun The Sun is the star at the center of  the Solar System.  It is almost perfectly spherical and  consists of hot plasma.  It has a diameter of about 1,392,684 km.  It was formed   about 4.6 billion years ago    Every now and then the Sun blasts out HUGE amounts of material from its atmosphere
  19. 19. Blasts In the Sun or Sun Storms August 21, 2013   The Sun can send billions of tons of particles into space.  They can reach the Earth one to three days later 
  20. 20. Solar Wind The solar wind is made up of  charged particles called plasma  The Sun's heat and radiation produce  a wind called the Solar Wind.  Solar wind particles  interacting with  Earth's magnetosphere. 
  21. 21. Solar flares – вспышки на солнце A solar prominence – солнечный протуберанец
  22. 22. Coronal mass ejection – Выброс вещества из солнечной короны
  23. 23. Asteroids Asteroids are small planets. The larger ones are called planetoids
  24. 24. The Birth of Asteroids Over the history of our solar system, catastrophic collisions between asteroids located in the belt between Mars and Jupiter have formed families of objects on similar orbits around the sun.
  25. 25. What is an asteroid? An asteroid is a large rock in outer space. Some asteroids can be very large, while others are as small as a grain of sand. Due to their smaller size, asteroids do not have enough gravity to pull themselves into the shape of a ball. Astronomers groupasteroids into different categories base on the way they reflect sunlight. Asteroids in space Asteroid Belt – пояс астероидов
  26. 26. Where are the asteroids? Plot of inner Solar System showing main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter Sun is at center, blue circles represent (from center moving outward) the orbits of Earth (blue), Mars (red), and Jupiter (green).
  27. 27. Danger! Near Earth Asteroids : They keep on increasing…. Asteroid 1998 QE2 to Sail Past Earth Nine Times Larger Than Cruise Ship. Asteroid 4179 Toutatis The orbit of asteroid 1998 QE2 Near-Earth asteroids is a dangerous object classification. that has passed within 2.3 lunar distances.