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Attachment TheoryRelationships and Interpersonal Communication
Possible Movies… 500 Days of Summer (2009)   An offbeat romantic comedy about a woman who doesnt believe    true love ex...
Distinguishing Features of  Children’s Attachment Styles                   Secure      Avoidant   Anxious                 ...
Working model continuum Model Of Self: the degree to which a child  develops an internalized sense of self-worth  that is...
Adult Attachment Styles                Positive Model of Others              Secure          Preoccupied             (I’m ...
SECURE: The ProsocialStyle  High Self, High other  self-sufficient and comfortable with intimacy  compromise and proble...
PREOCCUPIED: TheEmotional Style Low Self, High Other overly involved and dependent want excessive intimacy and worry th...
FEARFUL: The Hesitant  StyleLow Self, Low otherfearful of intimacy (they have often been hurt in the past and/orfear rej...
DISMISSIVE: The Detached  Style High Self, Low other counterdependent (self-sufficient to the point of pushing  others a...
Are our attachment styles stableover time?Explanations for Stability   Interactions with caregivers have an especially s...
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  1. 1. Attachment TheoryRelationships and Interpersonal Communication
  2. 2. Possible Movies… 500 Days of Summer (2009)  An offbeat romantic comedy about a woman who doesnt believe true love exists, and the young man who falls for her. Must Love Dogs (2005)  A movie about a pre-school teacher trying to meet a guy after a divorce. High Fidelity (2000)  A young music store owner goes through a break up and reviews the top five relationships in his life (this one is rated R, drop the F Bomb a lot) Singles (1992)  A group of twenty-something friends, most of whom live in the same apartment complex, search for love and success in grunge- era Seattle.
  3. 3. Distinguishing Features of Children’s Attachment Styles Secure Avoidant Anxious AmbivalentFree to explorethe environment? yes no yes and noAnxious aroundstrangers? a little no a lotReaction to upset, little very anxiousseparation? then calm reactionReaction to little ambivalent happyreunion? reaction (relief/anger)
  4. 4. Working model continuum Model Of Self: the degree to which a child develops an internalized sense of self-worth that is not dependent on external validation Model Of Others: the degree to which a child expects others to be supportive and accepting (rather than rejecting)
  5. 5. Adult Attachment Styles Positive Model of Others Secure Preoccupied (I’m okay, (I’m not okay,Positive Negative you’re okay) you’re okay)Model ModelOf Self Dismissive Fearful of Self (I’m okay, (I’m not okay, you’re not okay) you’re not okay) Negative Model of Others
  6. 6. SECURE: The ProsocialStyle  High Self, High other  self-sufficient and comfortable with intimacy  compromise and problem-solving during conflict  highest level of maintenance behavior  tend to be pleasant, self-disclosive, and skilled communicators  Reinforcement Effect: Because secures are confident and expressive, people react to them positively, reinforcing positive models of self and others
  7. 7. PREOCCUPIED: TheEmotional Style Low Self, High Other overly involved and dependent want excessive intimacy and worry that partners do not care enough for them demanding, nagging conflict behavior express negative emotion with aggression or passive aggression overly disclosive and overly sensitive Reinforcement Effect: By clinging to their partners and escalating intimacy quickly, they push partners away, thereby reinforcing that they are unworthy of love
  8. 8. FEARFUL: The Hesitant StyleLow Self, Low otherfearful of intimacy (they have often been hurt in the past and/orfear rejection)communication is often passive, guarded, and anxioustrouble expressing emotions and self-disclosingrelatively low levels of maintenance and nonverbalpleasantnessReinforcement Effect: By avoiding taking risks, they keepthemselves from developing the kind of close, positiverelationship that will help them feel better about themselves andothers
  9. 9. DISMISSIVE: The Detached Style High Self, Low other counterdependent (self-sufficient to the point of pushing others away) relationships seen as nonessential; personal goals are a higher priority relatively low levels of relational maintenance, disclosure, and emotional expression withdrawing conflict style with more interruptions Reinforcement Effect: By learning to get along on their own, they reinforce the idea that they do not need other people to be happy
  10. 10. Are our attachment styles stableover time?Explanations for Stability  Interactions with caregivers have an especially strong effect on a person’s social development.  The reinforcement effectExplanations for Change  Significant life/relationship events  The partner’s attachment style  Variability across relationship types

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