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When & How to Raise Venture Capital

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When & How to Raise Venture Capital.

Presented at the NYU Entrepreneurs Festival, March 7, 2015.

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When & How to Raise Venture Capital

  1. 1. @NYUEntrepreneur When & How to Raise Venture Capital Frank Rimalovski Executive Director NYU Entrepreneurial Institute March 7, 2015
  2. 2. @NYUEntrepreneur Topics u  Types of venture investors u  How VC works u  VC math u  When to look for VC? u  Q&A 2
  3. 3. @NYUEntrepreneur Types of Venture Investors
  4. 4. @NYUEntrepreneur investor|in-ˈvestər| noun one who expends money with the expectation of achieving a profit or material result by putting it into financial schemes, shares, or property…
  5. 5. @NYUEntrepreneur Myth: Venture Capital funds are the primary source of startup funding
  6. 6. @NYUEntrepreneur Venture Funding Lifecycle 6 ① Discovery ② Validation ③ Customer Creation ④ Company Building Test assumptions about customer needs/problem & develop MVP Seek Validation that people are interested in your product/ service Begins to build demand & improve efficiency of customer acquisition Drive growth aggressively 
 & execute business model Invention & ideation Grants, Crowdfounding Competitions Founders + Credit cards I-Corps Crowdfounding Accelerators SBIR/STTR + Friends & family Angels Seed funds Venture capital funds Leasing Factoring Vendor finance Private equity Public markets Valuation* Source: startupcompass.co
  7. 7. @NYUEntrepreneur Types of Venture Investors Stage Pre-Seed Seed/Startup Early Late Type Founder(s), friends & family Individual angels/groups & seed funds Venture Capital Funds Financial Investors Strategic/Corporate Typical Amount $5,000 to $250,000 $25,000 to $1,000,000 $2,000,000 and up Source of Funds Individuals Individuals Institutional Investors, Family Offices & Corporations Number of rounds Single Single Multi Types of investments Convertible debt & common stock Converts, common & preferred stock Preferred stock
  8. 8. @NYUEntrepreneur How VC works
  9. 9. @NYUEntrepreneur The Basics u  VCs manage “OPM” o  Pension funds, foundations, endowments, financial institutions, family offices, etc. u  10-year fund life u  “2-and-20” Fund returns 5 10 15 Fund I Fund II Fund III Fund investments
  10. 10. @NYUEntrepreneur How VCs Make Money u  Investing at low valuation (through multiple rounds at increasing valuations) and then…
  11. 11. @NYUEntrepreneur How VCs Make Money u  Investing at low valuation (through multiple rounds at increasing valuations) and then… u  Exit (a/k/a liquidity event) at a higher value o  Initial Public Offering (IPO) o  Merger into a Public Company o  Merger into another private company o  Return of capital from cash flow o  Asset sale
  12. 12. @NYUEntrepreneur Myth: VCs make money on every deal
  13. 13. @NYUEntrepreneur 75% of startups fail! 13 • Deals turn out badly • Shut down or sold for < money invested • Investors get all money even, though it isn’t much Strike Outs • Going mostly sideways • Turn into businesses, but only produce 1-2x gains • Investors get most of money generated Singles & Walks • Work out the way you thought • Produce 5-10x gains • Entrepreneurs generally do very well on these deals Home Runs Source: Fred Wilson
  14. 14. @NYUEntrepreneur VC MathNB: Figures and sequencing are intended to be illustrative. Your mileage will vary.
  15. 15. @NYUEntrepreneur From idea to incorporation Inspiration & ideation $500 Prototyping Fund Grant Customer discovery Customer validation Problem-Solution Fit! Develop prototype Test prototype Receive $5k E-Team Grant Hire McCarter & English Form SLE Split founders equity Open account at Silicon Valley Bank Founders 100% Fully Diluted Ownership
  16. 16. @NYUEntrepreneur In search of product-market-fit Accepted to Summer Launchpad Deposit $7.5k at SVB Customer discovery Customer validation Secure early adopters Product market fit! In Xconomy! Begin to craft VC pitch Commence fund raise! Founders 100% Fully Diluted Ownership
  17. 17. @NYUEntrepreneur Raise seed round 3 months & 30 pitches later Greycroft Leads Series Seed Pre-$ $3.00m Raise 1.00 Post-$ $4.00m NYU Innovation Venture Fund, Quotidian Ventures & 2 angels complete round Founders 100% Fully Diluted Ownership
  18. 18. @NYUEntrepreneur Raise seed round 3 months & 30 pitches later Greycroft Leads Series Seed Pre-$ $3.00m Raise 1.00 Post-$ $4.00m Deposit $1.0m with SVB Pay McCarter & English Back to work Founders 75% Seed Investors 25% Fully Diluted Ownership
  19. 19. @NYUEntrepreneur Hire first employees Add 10% Option Pool Founders 75% Seed Investors 25% Fully Diluted Ownership
  20. 20. @NYUEntrepreneur Options u  Definition: Right to buy common stock at a specified price within a pre-determined time u  Why use options? o  Aligns incentives between parties o  Saves money for the company & investors o  Tax & capital efficient for employees u  Dilution borne by founders & prior investors u  10-20% pool is customary 20
  21. 21. @NYUEntrepreneur Hire first employees Add 10% Option Pool Hire first employees Founders 67% Seed Investors 23% Options 10% Fully Diluted Ownership
  22. 22. @NYUEntrepreneur Hire first employees Add 10% Option Pool Hire first employees Identify repeatable & scalable business model Founders 67% Seed Investors 23% Options 10% Fully Diluted Ownership
  23. 23. @NYUEntrepreneur Hire first employees Add 10% Option Pool Hire first employees Identify repeatable & scalable business model In NY Times! Founders 67% Seed Investors 23% Options 10% Fully Diluted Ownership
  24. 24. @NYUEntrepreneur Hire first employees Add 10% Option Pool Hire first employees Identify repeatable & scalable business model In NY Times! Draft VC pitch Commence VC raise Founders 67% Seed Investors 23% Options 10% Fully Diluted Ownership
  25. 25. @NYUEntrepreneur 5 months & 40 pitches later Flybridge Capital Offers Pre-$ $7.50m Raise $2.50m Options 15% * Founders 67% Seed Investors 23% Options 10% Fully Diluted Ownership
  26. 26. @NYUEntrepreneur Make room for more options! Flybridge Capital Offers Pre-$ $7.50m Raise $2.50m Options 15% * Founders 60% Seed Investors 20% Options 20% Fully Diluted Ownership
  27. 27. @NYUEntrepreneur Smaller piece of a bigger pie! Post Money Value Founders $4.50m Seed 1.50 Options 1.50 Flybridge 2.50 Post-$ $10.00m u  50% step-up from Seed! u  $2.5m in the bank u  David Aronoff & John Elton on your board u  Growing a team u  Scaling a business u  Life is good! Founders 45% Seed Investors 15% Options 15% Flybridge 25% $7.50m Pre-$ Fully Diluted Ownership
  28. 28. @NYUEntrepreneur VC Math Lessons Learned u  If you raise $, you will be diluted u  Options come out of your hide, not theirs u  Timing of your raise will be key u  Valuation nor your % ownership is everything u  Focus on things that drive enterprise value, not just what maximizes your ownership
  29. 29. @NYUEntrepreneur A Complex Process 29
  30. 30. @NYUEntrepreneur On Lawyers… u  Important to pick a very experienced one o  Not the top Wall Street lawyer you can find o  Not your cousin Murray o  Not your patent attorney o  Not the guy who did you will/mortgage refi o  …someone who does venture financings daily u  Doesn’t have to be local, but it helps 30
  31. 31. @NYUEntrepreneur When to Look for Funding? 31
  32. 32. @NYUEntrepreneur When to Look for Funding? 32 ① Discovery ② Validation ③ Customer Creation ④ Company Building Test assumptions about customer needs/problem & develop MVP Seek Validation that people are interested in your product/ service Begins to build demand & improve efficiency of customer acquisition Drive growth aggressively 
 & execute business model Invention & ideation Grants, Crowdfounding Competitions Founders + Credit cards I-Corps Crowdfounding Accelerators SBIR/STTR + Friends & family Angels Seed funds Venture capital funds Leasing Factoring Vendor finance Private equity Public markets Valuation* Source: startupcompass.co
  33. 33. @NYUEntrepreneur Getting Funded Tips
  34. 34. @NYUEntrepreneur What do VCs look for? 34
  35. 35. @NYUEntrepreneur Myth: VCs Invest in Technology
  36. 36. @NYUEntrepreneur VCs invest in businesses. Not ideas. Not technologies. Your technology/IP is only one of the many critical pieces necessary to build a business. 36
  37. 37. @NYUEntrepreneur What do VCs look for? u  Serve unmet need in large & growing market u  Differentiated solution(s) + supporting data u  Customer validation of pain & gain u  Scalable & repeatable business model that generates high ROI u  Focused teams with proven ability to execute 37
  38. 38. @NYUEntrepreneur VC Dealflow Funnel 1,000 150 25 5-10 Inbox Desk Meet Due Dili Deal Credenza Reject Source: Arthur Klausner
  39. 39. @NYUEntrepreneur Your initial goal is to get a meeting! 39
  40. 40. @NYUEntrepreneur Myth: VCs are hard to meet!
  41. 41. @NYUEntrepreneur VCs are easy to meet! VCNYU Entrepreneurial Institute Respected VC or angel Present/former portco exec Well-respected entrepreneur/ exec Service providers Friend of VC partner
  42. 42. @NYUEntrepreneur Myth: Don’t approach VCs until you are ready to raise money 42
  43. 43. @NYUEntrepreneur Lines not Dots 43 Source: bothsidesofthetable.com
  44. 44. @NYUEntrepreneur Lines not Dots 44 Source: bothsidesofthetable.com
  45. 45. @NYUEntrepreneur Final Thoughts on Fundraising u  Be prepared, but remember less is more u  You do not need a prospectus/biz plan u  Don’t hire an agent/banker u  You want professional investors 45
  46. 46. @NYUEntrepreneur Lessons Learned u  Many sources of capital…VC comes later u  VCs are professional money managers u  Focus on things that drive enterprise value u  Investors fund businesses, not technology u  Get to know investors early in the process u  It’s a complicated process…surround yourself with experienced advisors 46
  47. 47. @NYUEntrepreneur Sources of Startup Funding at NYU 47
  48. 48. @NYUEntrepreneur NYU Prototyping Fund
  49. 49. @NYUEntrepreneur49 NYU Green Grants
  50. 50. @NYUEntrepreneur50
  51. 51. @NYUEntrepreneur51 Deadline Feb 20!
  52. 52. @NYUEntrepreneur52Confiden'al   $200k NYU Entrepreneurs Challenge
  53. 53. @NYUEntrepreneur NYU Summer Launchpad 53 Applications open!
  54. 54. @NYUEntrepreneur54
  55. 55. @NYUEntrepreneur NYU Innovation Venture Fund
  56. 56. @NYUEntrepreneur NYU Innovation Venture Fund 56
  57. 57. @NYUEntrepreneur Questions? 57
  58. 58. @NYUEntrepreneur Questions? entrepreneur@nyu.edu @nyuentrepreneur nyu.edu/entrepreneur nyuentrepreneur.com 16 Washington Place 58
  59. 59. @NYUEntrepreneur Helping startups start up

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