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Education system in austria


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Education system in Austria

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Education system in austria

  1. 2. In general <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The education system in Austria is regulated by the federal government.  </li></ul><ul><li>Schools and curricula are standardized nationwide. </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Ministry forEducation, Arts and Culture is responsible for important tasks such as training teachers and maintaining of the schools. </li></ul>
  2. 3. Different types of schools <ul><li>State schools </li></ul><ul><li>Private schools </li></ul><ul><li>Private schools from the church </li></ul>
  3. 4. compulsory school attendance <ul><li>was already introduced by Maria Theresa in 1774 </li></ul><ul><li>In Austria exists a compulsory school attendence for all children living permanently in Austria . This begins with the completion of the sixth year. (September) and lasts for nine school years. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be met as follows:  Attending a public or appointed by public law school.  Attending a private school without a public law (under certain conditions).  Participation in domestic education (under certain conditions).  Attending a school located abroad (under certain conditions). </li></ul>
  4. 5.   Preschool education, kindergarten <ul><li>Early childhood education or kindergarten is mainly to prepare for the school.  </li></ul><ul><li>should pay most attention to the course for a successful social, motorical, emotional and intellectual development.  </li></ul><ul><li>should serve to improve the integration of children and allow that (linguistic) problems of children are identified earlier.  </li></ul><ul><li>can be visited at the age of three to six years, </li></ul><ul><li>The preschool year is a voluntary, it is for children who are too old for the kindergarten but not yet ready for school. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Elementary school <ul><li>may be visited as part of the compulsory education of every child over the age of six (31 August) and comprises four grades.  </li></ul><ul><li>corresponds to the German primary school.  </li></ul><ul><li>The alternative home-schooling is rarely invoked. </li></ul><ul><li>Four culture techniques : reading, writing, arithmetic, and the search and processing of information.  . </li></ul><ul><li>Usually divided into four classes. Smaller schools usually put children from different grade levels in one class, so a teacher can teach in a classroom at the same time several grade levels.  </li></ul><ul><li>  A combination with integration classes is not unusual.  </li></ul><ul><li>Preferably, there is the Einlehrersystem . This means that one teacher teaches all subjects. (except Religion)  </li></ul><ul><li>  In schools with a high proportion of foreigners there are often native speakers and substitute teachers .( BFD teachers  special german teachers for immigrants or Muttersprachlehrer  teachers for the childrens mothertongue) </li></ul>
  6. 7. Special School <ul><li>Attendance at a special school can be the entire period of compulsory schooling through. </li></ul><ul><li>  a tenth and eleventh grade can be appended at the end of compulsory education. </li></ul><ul><li>are used for integration and support of children with particular special educational needs, whether due to physical disabilities  or mental or physical handicaps . </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the type of problem every child is taught according to different curricula and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>the class sizes are small </li></ul><ul><li>the personal attention and teacher support for individual students can be especially large </li></ul>
  7. 8. Lower secondary education level <ul><li>Divided in Main school (Hauptschule) Cooperative Middle School and New Middle School (Neue Mittelschule) Lower level AHS (Unterstufe) </li></ul><ul><li>Austria is one of the few Western European countries that have a differentiated lower secondary school system (from eleven to fifteen).  </li></ul><ul><li>after completing the elementary school they are attending AHS usually a lower level (high school) or the main school.  </li></ul><ul><li>The choice of the type of school should be completed according to the previous school grades and talents </li></ul><ul><li>  the social status of the family plays no matter!  </li></ul><ul><li>The students are taught by a qualified teacher system  different then in  elementary school where they are taught by one teacher in almost all subjects, </li></ul><ul><li>The courses at these schools last for four years. </li></ul><ul><li>With the exception of private schools secondary school is free.  </li></ul><ul><li>They only have to pay the semester fee of 21,50Euro! + busticket </li></ul>
  8. 9. Main School (Hauptschule) <ul><li>a basic general education and provides the foundation for middle and high schools will be placed </li></ul><ul><li>For admission to a secondary school only a positive conclusion of the fourth grade is necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>principle is based on the enrollment in primary school until Christmas in the subjects German, English and mathematics to be classified in one of three ability groups , </li></ul><ul><li>The first performance group is taught by the same curriculum as in the general upper-secondary schools. </li></ul><ul><li>This means a change between the main school(1st ability group) and the lower level of AHS is possible at any time. </li></ul><ul><li>Basically the students are following the completion of main school next to the Polytechnic School.(The 9 th year in school). </li></ul>
  9. 10. Cooperative Middle School and New Middle School (KMS, NMS) <ul><li>is taught in the curriculum on the basis of the primary school and secondary school.  </li></ul><ul><li>both, compulsory school teachers and federal teachers (secondary school teacher) are used </li></ul><ul><li>New middle schools are usually housed in buildings of primary schools.  </li></ul><ul><li>primary school system run by and by </li></ul>
  10. 11. Lower level AHS (Unterstufe) <ul><li>To attend a lower level school you need to have a “good” or “ very good” in primary school in mathematic and german </li></ul><ul><li>Otherwise you have to make an aplitude test! </li></ul><ul><li>Lower level schools are always in the same building like High schools </li></ul>
  11. 12. Further opportunities <ul><li>AHS </li></ul><ul><li>BHS </li></ul><ul><li>Polytechnical and vocational school(Berufsschule) </li></ul><ul><li>Trade school </li></ul>
  12. 13. Summary
  13. 14. <ul><li>So first: </li></ul><ul><li>Kindergarten </li></ul><ul><li>Preschool </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary school </li></ul><ul><li>Lower level school /secondary school/cooperative middle school </li></ul><ul><li>Or special school! </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Then there are different ways </li></ul><ul><li>AHS </li></ul><ul><li>BHS </li></ul><ul><li>Polytechnical and vocational school </li></ul><ul><li>Trade school   </li></ul>