Impact of the Cloud on the IT Landscape


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RightScale User Conference NYC 2011 -

Josh Fraser - VP Business Development, RightScale
Josep M. Blanquer - Senior Systems Architect, RightScale

2011 is shaping up to be a watershed year as an increasing number of cloud infrastructure providers are delivering new options for hybrid and private cloud computing. We'll cover these developments in the context of how they enable IT to deliver services faster and support line-of-business requirements better. Hybrid and private cloud computing deliver many new workload deployment options with varying agility and cost benefits, but they need to be pragmatically viewed as additional technologies to advance your business goals. We'll discuss the evolution of IT strategy to leverage multiple resource pools and help you identify which use cases are best suited for public, private, and hybrid clouds.

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Impact of the Cloud on the IT Landscape

  1. 1. Impact of the Cloud on the IT Landscape<br />Josh Fraser - VP Business Development, RightScale<br />Josep M. Blanquer - Senior Systems Architect, RightScale<br />June 8th, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Agenda <br /><ul><li>IT Landscape – new options for cloud infrastructure
  3. 3. What’s feasible now?
  4. 4. Private and hybrid cloud practicalities
  5. 5. Demo
  6. 6. Challenges</li></li></ul><li>Private and Hybrid Cloud on the Rise<br /><ul><li>48%using/planning to use </li></ul> private clouds in 2011 (Osterman Research)<br /><ul><li>Enterprise survey found that:
  7. 7. 44% have private cloud plans
  8. 8. 15% looking at public clouds
  9. 9. 21% focusing on hybrid clouds (Unisys)</li></ul>70% of cloud systems management purchases in 2010 were for private clouds – market will reach $2.5B by 2015 (IDC)<br />
  10. 10. Why?<br />
  11. 11. Production Deployments… <br />
  12. 12. Strong Movements …<br />Source: Rackspace Cloud Builders, May 2011<br />
  13. 13. Production IaaS Clouds …<br />Source:, May 2011<br />
  14. 14. No lock-in<br />Utilize existing data centers<br />Geo-location<br />Price/performance<br />Compliance<br />‘Single pane of glass’<br />Private clouds<br />Public clouds<br />Private and Hybrid Cloud Drivers<br />
  15. 15. Requirements Filter<br />Resource Pools<br />Application Portfolio<br />Cloud #1<br />Performance<br />App 1<br />App 1<br />Cost<br />App 2<br />Cloud #2<br />App 2<br />Security<br />App N<br />Compliance<br />App N<br />Internal DC<br />Colocated<br />Reliability<br />Goal: Workload Deployment Freedom<br />It’s about using multiple resource pools, not choosing one<br />
  16. 16. What’s Feasible Now?<br />
  17. 17. IT Vending Machine<br />
  18. 18. IT Vending Machine<br />THEN<br /><ul><li>Single application stack
  19. 19. Request a server (physical or virtual)
  20. 20. Install OS</li></ul>NOW<br /><ul><li>Multiple application stacks
  21. 21. Click a button … 1x, 100x, 1000x</li></ul>36,000 minutes<br />to<br />30 minutes<br />
  22. 22. Disaster Recovery<br />What happens when the cloud fails?<br />
  23. 23. Disaster RecoveryStaged Server Configuration, pre-staged data and running Slave Database Server<br /><ul><li> Generally recommended DR solution
  24. 24. Minimal additional cost
  25. 25. Allows fairly rapid recovery</li></li></ul><li>Cloud Bursting – Zynga’s Z Cloud<br />“Scale fast or fail fast”<br />Low demand and low predictability Public<br />High demand and high predictability Private<br />Concept to production in < 6 months<br />Built on commodity hardware<br />Supports no less than thousands of physical servers<br />Can (and have) fully provisioned over 1,000 physical servers in less than 24 hours<br />Source: Zynga CTO – Centralized Operations; InterOp, May 2011<br />
  26. 26. Hybrid Cloud Reality: Zynga’s Z Cloud<br />“This ability to invoke and coordinate both private and public clouds <br />is the hidden jewel of Zynga’s success”<br />- Lessons from Farmville: How Zynga Uses the Cloud, InformationWeek, May 13, 2011<br />
  27. 27. Private and Hybrid Cloud Practicalities<br />
  28. 28. Zone1<br />Zone2<br />The Start: A Typical Single-Cloud Application<br />Three tiered Application<br />RR DNS Load Balancers<br />Array of Application Servers<br />Master – Slave Databases<br />Cloud 1<br />LB<br />LB<br />Isolation Features<br />Faults: using Availability Zones<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />Master<br />Slave<br />Security: Security Groups / Firewalls<br />Plus<br />Monitoring<br />Alerts<br />Automation<br />
  29. 29. Scaling: Bursting App Capacity to another Cloud<br />Private Cloud<br />Public Cloud<br />LB<br />LB<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />…<br />Master<br />Slave<br />
  30. 30. Scaling: Bursting App Capacity to another Cloud<br />Private Cloud<br />Public Cloud<br />LB<br />LB<br />CPU<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />Scale Up<br />Scale Down<br />…<br />Master<br />Slave<br />ServerArray<br />Demo<br />
  31. 31. Scaling: Bursting App Capacity to another Cloud<br />Register with LB’s:<br /><ul><li>Using SSH
  32. 32. Using RightNet
  33. 33. Central repo</li></ul>Private Cloud<br />Public Cloud<br />LB<br />LB<br />CPU<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />Scale Up<br />Scale Down<br />…<br />Public Internet<br />Master<br />Slave<br />ServerArray<br />Security:<br /><ul><li>Access Control
  34. 34. Encryption</li></ul>Contact DB:<br /><ul><li>Using DNS / IP
  35. 35. Executing a script</li></li></ul><li>Private Cloud<br />Public Cloud<br />LB<br />LB<br />CPU<br />DR: Replicating Data in another Cloud<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />Scale Up<br />Scale Down<br />…<br />Public Internet<br />Master<br />Slave<br />Slave<br />ServerArray<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />Where’s the data?<br />Access and encryption<br />
  36. 36. DR: Replicating Data in another Cloud<br />Private Cloud<br />Public Cloud<br />LB<br />LB<br />CPU<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />Scale Up<br />Scale Down<br />…<br />Public Internet<br />Master<br />Slave<br />Slave<br />ServerArray<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />S3/Cloudfiles<br /><ul><li>Global storage
  37. 37. Live replication + rsync
  38. 38. NoSQL</li></li></ul><li>Public Cloud<br />Full distribution: Splitting the Load Balancers<br />Private Cloud<br />LB<br />LB<br />CPU<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />…<br />App<br />App<br />App<br />Scale Up<br />Scale Down<br />…<br />Public Internet<br />Master<br />Slave<br />Slave<br />ServerArray<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />snap<br />
  39. 39. Current Landscape<br />Proven technologies – production workloads; at scale<br />Works on commodity hardware<br />Multi-hypervisor support<br />Easy to get started … deliver a POC<br /><ul><li>Multi/Hybrid cloud deployments are a reality, yet complex
  40. 40. RightScale platform greatly simplifies their setup and management
  41. 41. But this help is no substitute for awareness and good architecting!</li></li></ul><li>Questions?<br />Josh Fraser - VP Business Development, RightScale<br />Josep M. Blanquer - Senior Systems Architect, RightScale<br />June 8th, 2011<br />
  42. 42. Offline Demo Slides<br />
  43. 43. Multi-cloud Burst Deployment<br />
  44. 44. Server Array: Same Template Different Cloud<br />
  45. 45. Server Array: Voting Status<br />
  46. 46. App Server: Getting help from scaling<br />
  47. 47. Array Instances: Absorbing Traffic<br />