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Cloud Storage Comparison: AWS vs Azure vs Google vs IBM

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As public cloud storage services mature, it becomes easier to make apples-to-apples comparisons. We drill down on the latest specs and features for object, block, archival, and file storage across AWS, Azure, Google, and IBM. We also compare prices for a variety of storage scenarios.

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Cloud Storage Comparison: AWS vs Azure vs Google vs IBM

  1. 1. CLOUD STORAGE COMPARISON: AWS VS AZURE VS GOOGLE VS IBM
  2. 2. • Raphael Simon • CTO, RightScale • Kim Weins • VP Marketing and Cloud Cost Strategy Presenters
  3. 3. RightScale Cloud Management Platform Orchestrate, automate and govern workloads across all your environments. VIRTUAL SERVERS PUBLIC CLOUDS ANY CLOUD SERVICE PRIVATE CLOUDS BARE METAL SERVERS CONTAINER CLUSTERS RightScale Optima Work collaboratively across the organization to manage and optimize clouds costs. Orchestrate Cloud Workflow Plugins Monitoring Govern Accounts/Groups Access/Permissions Tags Optimize Policies Collaboration Utilization RIGHTSCALE CMP ENGINE EXTENSIBLE ORCHESTRATION API Two Solutions from RightScale
  4. 4. Multi-Cloud Strategy 3
  5. 5. Organizations Use Multiple Clouds 4
  6. 6. Public Cloud Adoption 5
  7. 7. • Which clouds and why? • Block/Disk Storage • Object Storage • Hot • Cool • Cold (Archival) • File Storage • Pricing Agenda 6
  8. 8. • Filling in the gaps • The vendors now have the basics in place • AWS: • Ability to encrypt by default all S3 objects in a bucket • Encryption at rest for EFS • Ability to tag volumes on creation • Azure: • Azure Archive Blob Storage • Blob-Level Tiering • Encryption at rest for managed disks • Cross-region managed disk replication with Azure Site Recovery • Google: • Cloud Storage pub/sub notifications • IBM • Newly added this year What’s New Over the Last Year 7
  9. 9. BLOCK STORAGE
  10. 10. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name EBS Managed Disks Persistent Disk Block Storage Availability SLA 99.99% 99.9% 99.95% Info not available Volume Types Cold HDD Throughput Optimized HDD General Purpose SSD PIOPs SSD Magnetic (previous gen) Standard Premium (SSD) Standard SSD SSD -Endurance tiers -Performance (PIOPS) IOPs/GB for SSD GP SSD = 3 PIOPS SSD up to 50/GB 1.8 to 4.9 - fixed by disk type 30 Endurance .25 to 10 PIOPs up to 48K Block/Disk Storage - Overview 9 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  11. 11. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name Throughput Optimized HDD Standard Managed Disks Standard N/A Volume Sizes 500GB to 16TB 1GB to 4TB 1GB to 64TB N/A Max IOPs per volume 500 500 3,000 read, 15,000 write N/A Max Throughput per volume (MB/s) 500 60 180 read, 120 write N/A Replication Multiple copies within the AZ LRS – multiple copies within datacenter Built-in redundancy N/A Block/Disk Storage - Magnetic 10 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  12. 12. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name SSD General Purpose SSD PIOPS Premium Managed Disks SSD SSD Endurance SSD Performance (PIOPS) Volume Sizes 1GB to 16TB GP 4GB to 16TB PIOPs 1GB to 4TB 1GB to 64TB 20 GB to 12 TB for PIOPS Max IOPs per volume 10,000 GP 32,000 PIOPs 7500 40,000 read, 30,000 write 48,000 Max IOPS per instance 80,000 80,000 40,000 read 30,000 write No info available Max Throughput per volume (MB/s) 160 GP 500 PIOPs 250 800 read, 400 write 768 (depends on IOPS and block size) Replication Multiple copies within the AZ LRS – multiple copies within datacenter Built-in redundancy Based on copying snapshots Block/Disk Storage - SSD 11 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  13. 13. AWS Azure Google IBM Incremental snapshots Yes No - full disk only Yes Per block Snapshot Redundancy Multiple AZs in the region Multiple zones in the region Multiple locations Manual Snapshots available cross-region Can copy across regions Can copy across regions Yes, within a project No info available Block/Disk Storage – Snapshots 12 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  14. 14. AWS Azure Google IBM Encryption Available; SSE 256-bit AES Default via Azure Storage Service Encryption (SSE) with cloud provider managed keys and 256-bit AES; Also Azure Disk Encryption with Azure Key Vault Default; SSE 128-bit AES for HDD SSE 256-bit AES for SSD Default SSE 256-bit AES Encryption at rest Yes, via encrypted volumes Yes Yes Yes Encryption in transit (instance to volume) Yes, for encrypted volumes Yes Yes Info not available Encryption of snapshots Yes, for encrypted volumes Yes (by default via SSE) Yes (by default) Yes, for encrypted volumes Cloud provider controls keys Available Available Available No User controls keys Available Available Available Yes KMS Available Available Available. No Block/Disk Storage –Encryption 13 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  15. 15. AWS Azure (us-east-2) Google IBM Name of Services EBS Managed Disk Persistent Disk Block Storage Magnetic (per GB-month) $0.045 $0.040 to $0.048 plus $0.0005 per 10K transactions $0.040 N/A SSD (per GB-month) $0.100 $0.11 to $0.15 $0.170 $0.10 to $0.58 Included IOPS/GB 3 1.8 to 4.9 30 .25 to 10 PIOPs SSD (per GB-month) $.125 N/A N/A $.10 PIOPs SSD (per IOPs) $0.065 N/A N/A $.07 Snapshots (per GB-month) $0.050 On magnetic $0.050 On SSD $0.12 $0.026 No info available Block/Disk Storage - Prices Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  16. 16. AWS monthly cost Azure monthly cost Google monthly cost IBM monthly cost Name of Services EBS Managed Disk Persistent Disk Block Storage Magnetic 500 GB $22.50 $21.76 $20.00 N/A SSD 500 GB, 1000 IOPs $50.00 $66.56 P20 – 2300 IOPs $85.00 Includes 15,000 IOPs $100.00 SSD 500 GB, 2000 IOPs $192.50 PIOPs SSD $66.56 P20 – 2300 IOPs $85.00 Includes 15,000 IOPs $175.00 SSD 500 GB, 5000 IOPs $650.00 PIOPs SSD $122.88 P30 – 5000 IOPs $85.00 Includes 15,000 IOPs $290.00 Snapshots 500 GB $25.00 $25.00 $13.00 Info not available Block/Disk Storage - Scenarios Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  17. 17. OBJECT STORAGE
  18. 18. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name S3 Azure Storage (Blobs) Google Cloud Storage IBM Object Storage Hot S3 Standard Hot Blob Storage GCS Standard Cool S3 Standard – Infrequent Access Cool Blob Storage GCS Nearline Vault Cold (Archival) Glacier Archive Blob Storage GCS Coldline Cold Vault # Object Limits Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited per bucket 100 bucket limit Object Size Limit 5 TB 4.75 TB (Block blobs) 5TB 10 TB Object Storage - Overview 17 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  19. 19. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name S3 Standard Hot Blob Storage GCS Standard Object Storage Replication Automatic (regional); Cross-region LRS (in datacenter) ZRS (across datacenters) preview GRS (2 regions) RA-GRS (GRS with read access) Regional or Multi-regional Single Datacenter Regional Cross-regional Durability (Designed for) 11 9's 11 9’s for LRS 12 9’s for ZRS 16 9’s for GRS/RA-GRS 11 9's 11 9's Availability (SLA) 99.9% 99.9% LRS, ZRS, GRS 99.99% for RAGRS reads 99.9% 99.95% for Multi-regional) Info not available Min Storage Time N/A N/A N/A N/A First Byte Latency milliseconds milliseconds milliseconds Info not available Object Storage - Hot 18 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  20. 20. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name S3 Infrequent Access Cool Blob Storage Nearline Vault Replication Automatic within region; Option for cross-region at extra cost LRS, ZRS, GRS, RA-GRS Regional Single Datacenter Regional Cross-regional Durability (Designed for) 11 9's 11 9’s for LRS 12 9’s for ZRS 16 9’s for GRS/RA-GRS 11 9's 11 9's Availability (SLA) 99.0% 99% LRS, GRS, ZRS 99.9% for RAGRS reads 99% Info not available Min Storage Time 30 days 30 days 30 days 30 days First Byte Latency milliseconds milliseconds milliseconds Info not available Object Storage - Cool 19 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  21. 21. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name Glacier Archive Blob Coldline Cold Vault Replication Automatic within region; Option for cross-region at extra cost LRS, GRS, RA-GRS Regional Single Datacenter Regional Cross-regional Durability (Designed for) 11 9's 1 9’s for LRS 12 9’s for ZRS 16 9’s for GRS/RA-GRS 11 9's 11 9's Availability (SLA) N/A 99% 99.9% for RAGRS reads 99% Info not available Min Storage Time 90 days 180 days 90 days 90 days First Byte Latency select from minutes or hours <15 hours milliseconds Info not available Object Storage – Cold/Archival 20 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  22. 22. AWS Azure Google IBM Encryption at rest Available; SSE 256-bit AES Default; SSE 256-bit AES Default; SSE 256-bit AES Default; SSE 256-bit AES Encryption in transit (instance to volume) Use CSE or TLS Use CSE or TLS Use CSE or TLS Use CSE or TLS Cloud provider controls keys Available Available Available Available User controls keys Available Only with CSE / in preview with SSE Available Available KMS Available Available Available Available Object Storage – Encryption 21 Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  23. 23. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name S3/Glacier Blob Storage GCS Object Storage Hot Multi-Region per GB-month S3 Standard x2 $0.0460 Transfer $.0100 RA-GRS $0.0460 GRS/RA-GRS Transfer $.0200 Multi-regional $0.0260 Transfer included Cross-region $0.03 Hot Single Region per GB-month Standard $0.0230 LRS-Hot $0.0184 Regional $0.0200 Regional $0.022 Cool Single Region per GB-month Infrequent access $0.0125 LRS-Cool $0.0100 Nearline $0.0100 Reg. Vault $0.012 Cold Single Region per GB-month Glacier $0.0040 LRS-Archive $0.0020 Coldline $0.0070 Reg. Cold Vault 0.006 Object Storage - Prices Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  24. 24. AWS monthly cost Azure monthly cost Google monthly cost IBM monthly cost Name of Services S3/Glacier Blob Storage GCS Object Storage Hot Multi-Region 1000 GB stored 1000 GB transferred $56.00 $66.00 $26.00 $30.00 Hot Single Region 1000 GB stored $23.00 $18.40 $20.00 $22.00 Cool Single Region 1000 GB stored $12.50 $10.00 $10.00 $12.00 Cold Single Region 1000 GB stored $4.00 $2.00 $7.00 $6.00 Object Storage - Scenarios Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  25. 25. FILE STORAGE
  26. 26. AWS Azure Google IBM Service Name EFS Azure File Storage GCS + FUSE adapter IBM File Storage Storage size Scales elastically to petabytes 5TB per file share, 500TB per storage account 5TB per object Increment of 12TB Scaling Automatic Manual Manual Manual Attach to multiple VMs Yes Yes One read/write volume and many read-only, or NFS, or SMB, or Gluster Yes Replication Multiple AZs in the region LRS or GRS Built-in redundancy Via scheduled snapshots Throughput 50MB/s (burst to 100) per TB of storage 60MB/s per file share 180 MB/s read, 120 MB/s write Up to 48k IOPS On-premise support NFS v4.1 SMB 3.0 NFS, SMB NFS Backup Use 3rd party tools, AWS Data Pipeline, sync to EBS +snapshot. Azure Backup Snapshots Snapshots Encryption at rest Yes Yes Yes Yes File Storage - Overview 25Source: RightScaleAs of Feb 26, 2018
  27. 27. • The options are a bit apples-to-oranges • AWS EFS $.30-$0.36 per GB-month (based on region) • Includes all replication and data transfer • Pay for what you use • Azure File Storage $.080 per GB-month • Pay all normal replication and transfer charges • Pay for what you provision, even if not using it • Google Cloud Storage (+FUSE) $.020 per GB-month • Pay all normal replication and transfer charges • Pay for what you provision, even if not using it • IBM File Storage $0.10-$0.58 per GB-month (based on included IOPS) • Pay for additional IOPS • Pay for snapshots File Storage – Prices 26
  28. 28. • Free Cloud Comparison Tool • cloudcomparison.rightscale.com Contact sales@rightscale.com for more info Q&A 27

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