Is policy effective in promoting innovation in the MENA countries?

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Is policy effective in promoting innovation in the MENA countries?

  1. 1. Is policy effective in developing innovation policy in MENA countries? Rigas Arvanitis - IRD IRD – UMR Sociétés et Développement Mediterranean Research Meeting Montecatini 7/4/2011
  2. 2. Growing production <ul><li>Ex. Morocco and Tunisia has multiplied its scientific production by four in 10 years…. </li></ul><ul><li>Most countries show increases in scientific production </li></ul>IRD/Savoirs et Développement
  3. 3. Rare data on Gross expenditures on R&D IRD/Savoirs et Développement
  4. 4. Use of inadequate categories IRD/Savoirs et Développement
  5. 5. Science growth figures IRD/Savoirs et Développement
  6. 6. Variety of forms of innovation policy <ul><li>Technoparks and technopoles </li></ul><ul><li>Technology transfer units in universities, engineering schools, </li></ul><ul><li>Funding start-ups: venture capital, credit schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering networks </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediate technical centres </li></ul><ul><li>Business associations related to innovation and tech dev. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Driving forces: nationally <ul><li>“ Student push”: higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment of young people </li></ul><ul><li>Economic drive toward “competitiveness” </li></ul><ul><li>Academics & scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Science policy </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of an administrative framework </li></ul>IRD/Savoirs et Développement
  8. 8. Driving forces: internationally <ul><li>Economies under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>EU reference framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood policy, … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science policy / FP participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science policy / MoCo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>S&T cooperation is the main “active” area of exchange between EU and Med countries </li></ul>IRD/Savoirs et Développement
  9. 9. Paradox <ul><li>Policy gap: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation at firm-level rather high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proliferation of policy measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Little use of support mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is an apparent paradox we need to explain. </li></ul>IRD/Savoirs et Développement

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