Geography of Egypt


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The geography of Egypt including the 4 main divisions of Egypt, waterways, geographical features of Egypt, et. al.

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Geography of Egypt

  1. 1. Group 3
  2. 2. Location
  3. 3. The Arab Republic of Egypt is located in the north-eastern corner of Africa and south-western Asia.
  4. 4. Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the
  5. 5. The Area: About (1.01) million km² The Capital: Cairo is the glorious capital of Egypt, the cradle of civilization and the beacon of religion.
  6. 6. Climate: Egypt is mostly a hot, sandy desert. Most of the population lives along the fertile Nile Valley and the Nile Delta.
  7. 7. Major Rivers and Waterways: The major rivers and waterways in Egypt are the Nile River, Lake Nasser, the Alexandria-Cairo Waterway, and the Suez Canal (a 193.5 km long man- made waterway which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, allowing a quick water route between Europe and Asia; it opened in 1869).
  8. 8. Lake Nasser
  9. 9. Cairo-Alexandria Waterway
  10. 10. Suez Canal
  11. 11. Highest Point: The highest point in Egypt is Mount Catherine (2,629 m tall), located in the Sinai Peninsula (in northeastern Egypt).
  12. 12. Mount Catherine
  13. 13. Lowest Point: The lowest point in Egypt is the Qattara Depression (133 m below sea level), located in northwestern Egypt.
  14. 14. Qattara Depression
  15. 15. Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, mangane se, limestone, gypsum, tal c, asbestos, lead, rare earth elements, zinc.
  16. 16. The ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land, the 'black land' and the 'red land'.
  17. 17. Black land
  18. 18. The 'black land' was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing their crops. This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed because a layer of rich, black silt was deposited there every year after the Nile flooded.
  19. 19. Red Land
  20. 20. The 'red land' was the barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides. These deserts separated ancient Egypt from neighbouring countries and invading armies.
  21. 21. They also provided the ancient Egyptians with a source for precious metals and semi-precious stones.
  22. 22. Currently, Egypt is divided into 4 major parts. The Nile Valley and Delta The Western Desert The Eastern Desert The Sinai Peninsula
  23. 23. Nile Valley and Delta
  24. 24. It extends from north of the valley to the Mediterranean Sea and is divided into Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt: extending from Wadi Halfa to the south of Cairo and from North Cairo to the Mediterranean Sea.
  25. 25. The River Nile in the north is divided into two branches, Damietta and Rashid which embrace the highly fertile agricultural lands of the Delta.
  26. 26. The Western Desert
  27. 27. It extends from the Nile Valley in the East to the Libyan borders in the west, and from the Mediterranean in the north to Egypt’s Southern borders.
  28. 28. It is divided into: • The Northern section includes the coastal plane, the northern plateau and the Great Depression, Natroun Valley and Baharia Oasis
  29. 29. • The Southern section includes Farafra, Kharga, Dakhla , and el-Owainat in the extreme south
  30. 30. The Eastern Desert
  31. 31. It extends from the Nile Valley in the West to the Red Sea, Suez Gulf, and Suez Canal in the East, and from Lake Manzala on the Mediterranean in the North to Egypt’s southern borders with Sudan in the south.
  32. 32. The Eastern Desert is marked with the Eastern Mountains that extend along the Red Sea with peaks that rise to about 3000 feet above sea level. This desert is rich with natural resources including various ores such as gold, coal, and oil.
  33. 33. Sinai Peninsula
  34. 34. Sinai is shaped like a triangle with its base at the Mediterranean in the North and its tip in the South at Ras Mohammed, the Gulf of Aqaba to the East and the Gulf of Suez and Suez Canal to the West.
  35. 35. It is topographically divided into three main sections:
  36. 36. • The Southern section is an extremely tough terrain. It is composed of high rise Granite Mountains. Mount Catherine rises about 2640 meters above sea level, a matter that makes it the highest mountain top in Egypt.
  37. 37. • The Central Section is bounded by the Mediterranean to the North and the At-Teeh plateau to the south. It is a plain area with abundant water resources derived from rain water that flows from southern heights to the central plateau.
  38. 38. Sources: eography.aspx
  39. 39. Members: Riel Diala Karen Dadero Amy Griarte Isabel Bucayan Gerson Garcia Jeshua Mangaoang