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The Climate-Energy-Water nexus:  what sorts of knowledge do we need, and how might we get it?   Andrew Campbell   Triple H...
Outline <ul><li>Converging Insecurities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Key Points <ul><li>The age of cheap, abundant fossil fuel energy is coming to an end </li></ul><ul><li>The age of carbon a...
Drivers for change  <ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul>...
Water <ul><li>Each calorie takes one litre of water to produce, on average </li></ul><ul><li>Like the Murray Darling Basin...
Perth’s Annual Storage Inflow GL (1911-2005)
Water, energy, and GDP from Proust, Dovers, Foran, Newell, Steffen & Troy (2007)  Energy  & GDP Water   & GDP Water and en...
Climate-water-energy feedbacks from Proust, Dovers, Foran, Newell, Steffen & Troy (2007)  <ul><li>Saving water often uses ...
Profound technical challenges <ul><li>To decouple economic growth from carbon emissions </li></ul><ul><li>To adapt to an i...
Perspectives from the top of the APS <ul><li>Terry Moran, Institute of Public Administration, 15 July 2009: </li></ul><ul>...
On-ground examples <ul><li>Energy Tree Cropping (CRC FFI) </li></ul><ul><li>Murrumbidgee Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Coli...
Woody biomass energy <ul><li>Learning from the Vikings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finland:  same area and population as Victor...
CRC Future Farm Industries energy tree crops <ul><li>Developing an efficient supply chain for woody energy crops integrate...
“ Carbon plus” wool, beef and sheep meat
Forestry integrated with farming  vs replacing farming
Murrumbidgee Irrigation  - a current case <ul><li>Bulk water distributor and seller in the MIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1B G...
Coliban Water Greenhouse Gas Emissions <ul><li>Note total emissions have trebled in five years </li></ul>
Coliban Water emissions per Megalitre <ul><li>Note water supply emissions up tenfold in five years, now level with sewage ...
The Coliban Water Radar Screen Balancing competing priorities: S ocial T echnical E nvironmental E conomic P olitical
Transition to carbon-neutral,  energy-positive, water-smart rural landscapes
The integration imperative <ul><li>Managing  whole  landscapes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ where nature meets culture”  (Simon...
What sorts of knowledge do we need? <ul><li>Integrated metrics, or tools for integrating metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Crude m...
How might we acquire that knowledge? <ul><li>A Water, Energy & Land (WEL) R&D Corporation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>need to w...
For more information   e.g.  Paddock to Plate Policy Propositions for Sustainable Food Systems Powerful Choices:   transit...
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Climate water energy nexus 3.12.10

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The age of cheap, abundant fossil fuel energy is coming to an end
The age of carbon accounting and pricing is here
Water security will be a perennial issue for southern Australia
Each of these has their own imperatives, but their interactions are equally, if not more important
We tend to deal with these issues in science and policy silos
But at operational levels, the trade-offs are very real already
What sorts of knowledge do we need, and how might we get it?

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Climate water energy nexus 3.12.10

  1. 1. The Climate-Energy-Water nexus:  what sorts of knowledge do we need, and how might we get it? Andrew Campbell Triple Helix Consulting www.triplehelix.com.au
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Converging Insecurities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intersections and interstices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-ground examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowledge, science & policy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Points <ul><li>The age of cheap, abundant fossil fuel energy is coming to an end </li></ul><ul><li>The age of carbon accounting and pricing is here </li></ul><ul><li>Water security will be a perennial issue for southern Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these has their own imperatives, but their interactions are equally, if not more important </li></ul><ul><li>We tend to deal with these issues in science and policy silos </li></ul><ul><li>But at operational levels, the trade-offs are very real already </li></ul><ul><li>What sorts of knowledge do we need, and how might we get it? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Drivers for change <ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Population, demography, consumption and development pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Competition for land & water resources </li></ul><ul><li>Resource depletion & degradation </li></ul>
  5. 5. Water <ul><li>Each calorie takes one litre of water to produce, on average </li></ul><ul><li>Like the Murray Darling Basin, all the world’s major food producing basins are effectively ‘closed’ or already over-committed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Perth’s Annual Storage Inflow GL (1911-2005)
  7. 7. Water, energy, and GDP from Proust, Dovers, Foran, Newell, Steffen & Troy (2007) Energy & GDP Water & GDP Water and energy have historically been closely coupled with GDP in Australia Our challenge now is to radically reduce the energy, carbon and water-intensity of our economy
  8. 8. Climate-water-energy feedbacks from Proust, Dovers, Foran, Newell, Steffen & Troy (2007) <ul><li>Saving water often uses more energy, and vice-versa </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts to moderate climate often use more energy +/or water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. coal-fired power stations with CCS will be 25-33% more water-intensive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using more fossil energy exacerbates climate chaos </li></ul>
  9. 9. Profound technical challenges <ul><li>To decouple economic growth from carbon emissions </li></ul><ul><li>To adapt to an increasingly difficult climate </li></ul><ul><li>To increase water productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>— decoupling the 1 litre per calorie relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To increase energy productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more food energy out per unit of energy in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>while shifting from fossil fuels to renewable energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To develop more sustainable food systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>while conserving biodiversity and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improving landscape amenity, soil health, animal welfare & human health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TO DO ALL OF THE ABOVE SIMULTANEOUSLY! — improving sustainability and resilience </li></ul>
  10. 10. Perspectives from the top of the APS <ul><li>Terry Moran, Institute of Public Administration, 15 July 2009: </li></ul><ul><li>Reflecting on the challenges of public sector reform: </li></ul><ul><li>“ By and large, I believe the public service gives good advice on incremental policy improvement. Where we fall down is in long-term, transformational thinking; the big picture stuff. We are still more reactive than proactive; more inward than outward looking. We are allergic to risk, sometimes infected by a culture of timidity…. The APS still generates too much policy within single departments and agencies to address challenges that span a range of departments and agencies… We are not good at recruiting creative thinkers. ” </li></ul>http://www.dpmc.gov.au/media/speech_2009_07_15.cfm
  11. 11. On-ground examples <ul><li>Energy Tree Cropping (CRC FFI) </li></ul><ul><li>Murrumbidgee Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Coliban Water </li></ul>
  12. 12. Woody biomass energy <ul><li>Learning from the Vikings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Finland: same area and population as Victoria, tougher climate, shorter growing season, slower growth rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private forestry thinnings etc produce 23% of Finland’s primary energy, over 75% of thermal energy needs, and 20% of Finland’s electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Sweden it is 20% (already higher than oil) with a target of 40% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foran et al suggest woody biomass energy can fuel Australia </li></ul><ul><li>WA already in the lead </li></ul>
  13. 13. CRC Future Farm Industries energy tree crops <ul><li>Developing an efficient supply chain for woody energy crops integrated into wheatbelt farming systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Solving a bottleneck with the invention of a new harvesting head </li></ul><ul><li>Water yield trade-offs minimal, because <10% of farm area, in low rainfall zones. Distance from mill important — decentralised grid. </li></ul>
  14. 14. “ Carbon plus” wool, beef and sheep meat
  15. 15.
  16. 16. Forestry integrated with farming vs replacing farming
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Murrumbidgee Irrigation - a current case <ul><li>Bulk water distributor and seller in the MIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1B GVAP, and $7B value-add of food, wine and fibre production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>100 year old irrigation & drainage network being modernised </li></ul><ul><li>Piping and pressurisation will treble energy consumption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And hence greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass energy plant - 0.5m tonnes p.a. of ag & food process waste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar thermal power plant on linear easements (C price-dependent) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversion to biodiesel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon offsets through large scale tree planting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turning a water company into a water, energy & carbon company </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberating potential opportunities through a more integrated approach </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Coliban Water Greenhouse Gas Emissions <ul><li>Note total emissions have trebled in five years </li></ul>
  20. 20. Coliban Water emissions per Megalitre <ul><li>Note water supply emissions up tenfold in five years, now level with sewage treatment, which is stable </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Coliban Water Radar Screen Balancing competing priorities: S ocial T echnical E nvironmental E conomic P olitical
  22. 22. Transition to carbon-neutral, energy-positive, water-smart rural landscapes
  23. 23. The integration imperative <ul><li>Managing whole landscapes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ where nature meets culture” (Simon Schama) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>landscapes are socially constructed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>beyond ‘ecological apartheid’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NRM means people management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>engage values, perceptions, aspirations, behaviour </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>across issues — e.g climate, energy, water, food, biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>across scales — agencies, governments, short-term, long-term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>across the triple helix —  landscapes, lifestyles & livelihoods </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. What sorts of knowledge do we need? <ul><li>Integrated metrics, or tools for integrating metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Crude mud maps of generic trade-offs and win-wins </li></ul><ul><li>Narratives that make the challenge more meaningful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including international best practice case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How to articulate, quantify and evaluate CEW interactions, trade-offs and synergies holistically </li></ul><ul><li>Better CEW project assessment tools for new developments, and optimisation tools for improving them </li></ul>
  25. 25. How might we acquire that knowledge? <ul><li>A Water, Energy & Land (WEL) R&D Corporation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>need to work with at least four Ministers & their agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A CEW CRC? </li></ul><ul><li>A Sustainability Commission with a research mandate? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sister agency to the Productivity Commission? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or an expansion of its mandate? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or completely independent and whole of government, like the New Zealand Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training in systems thinking and network leadership for bright, mid-level cohorts across govt & industry </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment to some pilots – e.g. greenfield suburbs, regional centres on the margins of the grid </li></ul>
  26. 26. For more information e.g. Paddock to Plate Policy Propositions for Sustainable Food Systems Powerful Choices: transition to a biofuel economy www.triplehelix.com.au

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