• Futurism was anart and social movement whichoriginated in Italy in the early20th century.•It emphasized concepts of thefuture, includingspeed, technology, youth andviolence, and the car, theairplane and the industrial city.•The Futurists practiced in everymedium of art, includingpainting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrialdesign, interior design, urbandesign, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture.•Parallel movementsin Russia, England.
Filippo Marinetti •The founder of Futurism was the Italian writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. •Marinetti launched the movement in his Futurist Manifesto, an article published in the French daily newspaper Le Figaro on 20 February 1909. •The Futurists admired all that represented the technological triumph of humanity over nature. •Marinetti expressed a passionate loathing of everything old, especially political and artistic tradition. "We want no part of it, the past", he wrote, "we the young and strong Futurists!"
Guillaume Apollinaire• Guillaume Apollinaire wasa French poet, playwright, short storywriter, novelist, and artcritic born in Italy.•He used to illustrate hispoettry using typography. Guillaume Apollinaire, Calligrammes 1918.