MEANING It is the ability of an individual It comprises directing and to influence and motivates controlling a group. others.ORIGIN the word leader is adopted from The word manage came from German word FUHRER. Italian word MANEGGIARE.ORGANIZATION Leaders have followers. Managers have sub-ordinates.CONFLICTS Leaders uses the conflicts Managers avoids conflictsFOCUS It focuses on leading people Is focus is on managing peopleOUTCOME Achievements ResultsAPPEAL TO Hear t Head
APPROACH TO RISK It uses risk taking approach It follows risk averse approachSEEKS Vision ObjectivesROLE IN DECISION Facilitative InvolvedMAKINGHORIZON Long term Short termOFFERS IN Excitement in exchange of work. Money in exchange of work.EXCHANGESTYLES •Transformational •Transactional •Dictatorial •Autocratic •Autocratic •Consultative •Consultative •Democratic •ParticipativePOWER THROUGH Charisma and influence Formal authority and position
LEADERSHIP STYLELeadership style is the mannerand approach of providingdirection, motivating people andachieving objectives.
• In the task oriented styles of leadership, more importance is given to getting the work done by subordinates.• Task-oriented leaders are interested in the completion of work and do not give importance/attention to subordinates or their desires, interests and so on.• Dictatorial leader and autocratic leader are the examples of this category.
•People-oriented style of leadership is basically democratic.•Here, the leader gives importance to the interests,thoughts, problems, etc. of subordinates.•Leader tries to achieve objectives with their support andco-operation.•Participative or democratic leader comes under thiscategory.
Autocratic leadership is an extreme form of transactionalleadership, where a leader exerts high levels of power overhis or her employees or team members. Autocratic leadership style is considered the classicalapproach. The manager does not consult employees, nor are theyallowed to give any input. Employees are expected to obeyorders without receiving any explanations. The motivation environment is produced by creating astructured set of rewards and punishments.
The democratic leadership style is also called the participative style asit encourages employees to be a part of the decision making. The democratic manager keeps his or her employees informed abouteverything that affects their work and shares decision making andproblem solving responsibilities. Democratic leadership can produce high quality and high quantitywork for long periods of time. As participation takes time, this style can lead to things happeningmore slowly than an autocratic approach, but often the end result isbetter. . It can be most suitable where team working is essential, and qualityis more important than speed to market or productivity.
Bureaucratic leaders work by the book, ensuring that theirstaff follow procedures exactly. They follow all the rules andformalities of the organization. In other words Bureaucratic leadership is where Everythingmust be done according to procedure or policy. Bureaucratic leaders does not believe in new ideas. Hewants his subordinates to follow all his orders.This leadership style result in red tapism and unwantedpaper work.
In this type of leadership a leader who leaves his or hercolleagues to get on with their work. In other words It is one in which the manager provideslittle or no direction and gives employees as much freedom aspossible. All authority or power is given to the employees and theymust determine goals, make decisions, and resolve problemson their own. It can be effective if the leader monitors what is beingachieved and communicates this back to his or her teamregularly.