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1.8 silicon valley history

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Overview of Silicon Valley and the history of each cycle and industry

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1.8 silicon valley history

  1. 1. SILICON VALLEY HISTORY RICK RASMUSSEN
  2. 2. FIRST INHABITANTS Indian Tribes arrived around 10000 BC Costanoan, Ohlone, Tamien
  3. 3. CALIFORNIA HISTORY Early Explorers • Cabrillo Spain 1542 • Drake England 1579 • Portola Spain 1769 • deAnza Spain 1776 Spanish Jesuits • Father Junipero Serra • Missions, El Camino Real • 1821 Mexico founded 1846 • Mexican American War • California Republic 1849 Gold Rush 1850 Statehood
  4. 4. VALLEY OF HEART’S DELIGHT 1900s Orchards Cherry, Apricot, Peaches, Pears, Walnuts, Almonds Dried Fruit Capitol of the World
  5. 5. MOFFET FIELD • Naval Air Station • Cold War • Start of the defense electronics industry • Electronic warfare • A ready-made customer for semiconductors • Diodes, transistors • The Blue Cube
  6. 6. SILICON VALLEY • Not a Valley • Large clusters of activity across multiple industries, multiple sectors • 6M people, $600B in GDP • Critical mass in each • University feeders • Venture capital • Infrastructure • Entrepreneurial culture • Worldwide talent magnet
  7. 7. WAVES Mobile
  8. 8. SEMICONDUCTORS • It’s the Silicon of Silicon Valley • 1960s and 1970s • Fairchild,National, AMD, Intel, Signetics, … • Applied Materials, KLA, Lam Research, Agilent, Novellus • Venture Capital started • Manufacturing gone but R&D and fabless model still here
  9. 9. VENTURE CAPITAL • Banks can’t finance startups • Nearly 50% of all US funding comes from here • Sand Hill Road • Kleiner Perkins • Sequoia Capital • Draper Fischer • MDV • Infrastructure • Lawyers • Accounting Firms • Consultants
  10. 10. COMPUTING • 1970s and 1980s • Mainframes, micros, minis, personal computing • Amdahl, Fujitsu • Apple, IBM Clones, Sun Microsystems • Silicon Graphics, MIPS, DEC • Maxtor, Seagate, Tandon, Chips & Tech…
  11. 11. ENTERPRISE SOFTWARE • 1990s and 2000s • Databases and apps • Oracle • VMware • Citrix • SAP • Home of SaaS model • Salesforce • Netsuite • Intuit • Security • Symantec • McAfee • Virtualization, Data centers, Cloud computing..
  12. 12. SOCIAL MEDIA • 2000s and 2010s • Centered on San Francisco’s SOMA: South of Market Area • LinkedIn, Digg, Twitter, Zynga, Wikipedia, Yelp and more • Google, Yahoo, Facebook, iPhone apps, Android • Ad-driven, real business models
  13. 13. CLEANTECH • 2000s • Hotbed for solar and Green IT • Smart grid • Energy management • Solar panel production • Automotive • Tesla • Better Place • Coulomb
  14. 14. LIFE SCIENCES • 1990s and 2000s • Started by Genentech • Cetus, Chiron • Fed by research at UCSF • Biotechnology • Drug development • Stem cell research
  15. 15. WHAT’S NEXT? • Silicon Valley is still the center for innovation world wide • Innovation economies are sprouting around the world • Big problems remain unsolved • Health, Education, Climate Change, Privacy & Security, … • No signs of slowing
  16. 16. SILICON VALLEY TOP 10 REASONS 1. Electronic Warfare 2. Math and Science 3. Climate 4. California Mentality 5. Immigration in waves 6. Inventing New Business Models 7. Sharing Culture 8. Boom and Bust 9. Reinvesting the wealth 10.Minimal government interference

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