Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

1.3 equity math

1,027 views

Published on

How equity and stock becomes dilutive but worth more value over time and through each stage as a company builds.

  • Be the first to comment

1.3 equity math

  1. 1. Equity Math This presentation is made possible by the support of the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this presentation are the sole responsibility of Rick Rasmussen and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.
  2. 2. Founders Equity • How best to divide ownership? • Every company starts off well. Expect the worst • Equal percentages – Seems fair initially, watch for non-contributing founders – Vest rather than grant • The Grunt Fund Method – Based on amount of work and/or money contributed – www.slicingpie.com • Many times, VCs will alter the structure as a condition of funding
  3. 3. Stock Option Plans • Established when you incorporate • Founders and early stage investor shares are carved out – Vesting vs. grants – Milestones and deliverables – FAST Model Valuation • Vesting period – 2, 3, 4 years • Acceleration? – Change of control – Termination without cause
  4. 4. STARTUP COMPANY EQUITY MODEL The Expanding Pie I. Formation of Company Founders A, B and C each purchase 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock at a purchase price of $.001 per share. Founder B 33% $2,000 Founder A Founder C 33% $2,000 33% $2,000 Person No.of Shares % of Shares Value Founder A 2,000,000 33.33% $2,000 Founder B 2,000,000 33.33% $2,000 Founder C 2,000,000 33.33% $2,000 Total Post-Financing 6,000,000 100.0% $6,000 Valuation
  5. 5. II. Hiring of Chief Executive Officer and Establishment of Option Plan The Company hires a CEO who purchases 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock $.01 per share. Additionally, in order to attract additional key employees, the Company establishes an employee stock option plan and reserves 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock for issuance under this plan. The pre-financing valuation is $60,000 and the post-financing ownership structure and valuation are depicted in the following table and pie chart. Founder C 20% $20,000 Founder A 20% $20,000 President 20% $20,000 Stock Option Plan 20% $20,000 Founder B 20% $20,000 Person No. of Shares Percent of Shares Value Founder A 2,000,000 20.0% $20,000 Founder B 2,000,000 20.0% $20,000 Founder C 2,000,000 20.0% $20,000 President 2,000,000 20.0% $20,000 Stock Opt. Plan 2,000,000 20.0% $20,000 Total Post-Financing 10,000,000 100.0% $100,000 Valuation
  6. 6. The Company needs capital to complete product development. Accordingly, the Company completes a $1,000,000 venture capital financing at a purchase price of $0.10 per share Pre-financing valuation of $1,000,000 (10,000,000 shares with a value of $0.10 per share). The shares sold in the financing are typical, venture capital Series A Preferred Stock with each share of Series A Preferred Stock being convertible into one share of Common Stock. Person No. of Shares Percent of Shares Value Founder A 2,000,000 10.0% $200,000 Founder B 2,000,000 10.0% $200,000 Founder C 2,000,000 10.0% $200,000 President 2,000,000 10.0% $200,000 Stock Opt. Plan 2,000,000 10.0% $200,000 Series A Inv. 10,000,000 50.0% $1,000,000 Total Post-Financing Valuation 20,000,000 100.0% $2,000,000 III. Seed Round Founder A 10% $200,000 Series A Inv. 50% $1,000,000 Stock Option Plan 10% $200,000 Founder B 10% $200,000 Founder C 10% $200,000 President 10% $200,000
  7. 7. IV. Series A Preferred Stock Financing An additional $5,000,000 will be required to complete development plus sales and marketing. Accordingly, the Company undertakes a $ 5,000,000 Series A Preferred Stock financing at a purchase price of $0.50 per share, representing a pre-financing valuation of 10,000,000 (20,000,000 shares with a value of $0.50 per share) Series A Inv. 33.3% $5,000,000 Founder A 6.66% $1,000,000 Founder C 6.66% $1,000,000 Person No. of Shares Percent of Shares Value Founder A 2,000,000 6.66% $1,000,000 Founder B 2,000,000 6.66% $1,000,000 Founder C 2,000,000 6.66% $1,000,000 President 2,000,000 6.66% $1,000,000 Stock Opt. Plan 2,000,000 6.66% $1,000,000 Series A Inv. 10,000,000 33.33% $5,000,000 Series B Inv. 10,000,000 33.33% $5,000,000 Total Post-Financing Valuation 30,000,000 100.0% $15,000,000 Series B Inv. 33.3% $5,000,000 Founder B 6.66% $1,000,000 President 6.66% $1,000,000 Stock Option Plan 6.66% $1,000,000
  8. 8. V. Initial Public Offering The Company decides to undertake an initial public offering. As a result of the offering, the shares of Series A and Series B Preferred Stock held by the venture capital investors will be automatically converted into Common Stock at the conversion rate of 1 share of Common Stock for each share of Preferred Stock, and all shares sold in the offering will be Common Stock. A total of 10,000,000 are to be sold by the Company. The shares will be sold at a price of $2.50 per share, representing a pre-financing valuation of $75,000,000 (30,000,000 shares with a value of $2.50per share). Series A Inv. 25% $25,000,000 Founder C 5% $5,000,000 Person No. of Shares Percent of Shares Value Founder A 2,000,000 5% $5,000,000 Founder B 2,000,000 5% $5,000,000 Founder C 2,000,000 5% $5,000,000 President 2,000,000 5% $5,000,000 Stock Opt. Plan 2,000,000 5% $5,000,000 Series A Inv. 10,000,000 25% $25,000,000 Series B Inv. 10,000,000 25% $25,000,000 Public Investors 10,000,000 25% $25,000,000 Total Post-Financing Valuation 40,000,000 100.0% $100,000,000 Series B Inv. 25% $25,000,000 Public Investors 25% $25,000,000

×