EW = broker Small organisation working collaboratively with stakeholders
Three tiers of engagement
Increase in temperature in the last 40 years 1 – 2.5 o C increase by 2030 2.2 – 5 o C by 2070
Decrease in rainfall for most of Australia except for the northwest
Diverse range of environments Direct Co 2 (plant growth changes) Indirect Co 2 (herbivory = changes in animal diet) Vulnerability of Australian Ecosystems: High Endemism – lots of niches Topography (99% <1000m) - flat Human impact: Fragmented landscape - agriculture Invasives – Rabbits, Camels, Cane toads Fire regime – Can we manage it? What about the impact of increasing temperature (Prof Lesley Hughes 2008)
2007 IPCC 4AR Report produced by scientists for policy makers. Mainly Northern Hemisphere biased Few southern studies Out of 29000 data sets on 6 Australia and New Zealand Not enough resources (time, man-power) to adequately monitor / observe using professional scientists Real role for public to assist in data collection
Since 2007 some new publications: Masked Lapwing – Breeding records analyses in 6 regions from a 50 year period. Relatively resilient, even with warming, Strongest signal in Tasmania with breeding success decreasing by 1.5% per year. Magpie - Breeding became later as altitude increased, not solely temp driven annual climatic fluctuations have a direct, immediate and substantial effect on the amount of breeding that occurs Both reports highlight limits of current techniques, but used data collected by volunteers through atlas programs.
A more recent example from 2010 covered by ABC news The Common Brown Butterfly is emerging 10 days earlier than it was 60 years ago
Time to show the video Key Message ClimateWatch was developed by Earthwatch with the Bureau of Meterology and the University of Melbourne to understand how changes in temperature and rainfall are affecting the behaviour of Australia's plants and animals. Rio Tinto is the Founding Sponsor, Leighton Contractors the Principal Sponsor and Woodside is the Marine Sponsor
4 questions that ClimateWatchers answer
A plant flower seasonal event has 3 key observations The first fully open flower Full flowering (this when more than 50% of flowers appear open) End of flowering (this is where more than 95% of flowers appear dried)
With changes in rainfall and temperature we may see this seasonal event happening earlier, with less flowering and it might even be shorter.
ClimateWatch was developed with the advice of different panels To develop the best recording system Select species Plan an effective community engagement strategy
Common Question Why cant I record on X species Answer Selection Criteria Easy to ID Common Show a response to temperature or rain eg nesting time, emergence, flowering, migration Linked to historic data Not rare or threatened – ClimateWatch needs lots of data
The science panel decided on this selection criteria based on international examples.
Making observations is easy just record where you saw the plant or animal on the map using the codes provided
This is what the recording interface looks like. Select your location using a google map and complete the other fields.
The aim of a ClimateWatch trail is the move people along this journey. Experience from other online data collection programs has shown people move beyond just testing once they have completed 5 or more records
When you create or build something yourself you have a greater sense of ownership. Creating a ClimateWatch trail is fun collaborative experience.
Contact Us through the website and ask for help if you want to create a trail. The key plant locations help for guided walks and assist in building detailed data for very specific locations. The Water and Frog locations are ideal spots for listening for frogs. These locations will be available in the online survey in dropdown list and make it fast and easy to record. But you can record at any location along a trail or even outside the trail when at home, on your way to work or school.
You can record as an individual or in a group on a trail Data goes to ClimateWatch and once it is validated will go to the Atlas of Living Australia ala.org.au Common Question: Why should everyone record the same thing when walking as a group on trail? Three reasons When everyone enters their data ClimateWatch can evaluate how consistent instruction and observations are for a group of trail observers. When you have 5 people entering similar records scientists can be confident that the observations are reliable. The more data you enter the more confident you become as a ClimateWatcher, plus in the future we can develop trust scores for each ClimateWatcher depending on their experience and how much data they have recorded.
ClimateWatch want your stories. Send in a story about your ClimateWatch experience and it will be published on the website and featured in monthly enews
Scientists are already looking at the data. This is feedback from Bob Bullen on White Striped Bat records from 2010. The records fit the ecological model. Even one record in the Pilbara was tested against weather data and it was cool enough on that night for it to be a realistic observation. Soon there will be seasonal updates interpreting the data for different species
ClimateWatch pre and post lessons have been linked to the Australian Curriculum. Find out more on climatewatch.org.au
ClimateWatch Create a Trail on Slideshare
Program Partners Founding Sponsor climatewatch.org.au Marine Sponsor Principal Sponsor Data contributes to
climatewatch.org.au <ul><li>Introduction (30 minutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the Trail (30 minutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Enter Data (15 minutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Create A Trail Process (10 minutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion (5 minutes) </li></ul>
<ul><li>Founded in Massachusetts, 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Earthwatch Australia incorporated 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions focused and non-adversarial </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009, 100 projects in 42 countries </li></ul><ul><li>3,500 ‘citizen scientists ’ involved each year </li></ul><ul><li>Making a difference </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 150 new species of plants & animals discovered in Australia in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnering with responsible businesses for more than 20 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>139 new management strategies developed since 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>224 peer reviewed scientific publications in Australia </li></ul></ul>About Earthwatch Earthwatch promotes sustainability by engaging people in science-based conservation. Winner of the 2009 Prime Minister’s Award for Australian Environmentalist of the Year
SCIENCE GOVERNMENT About Earthwatch Three tiers of engagement BUSINESS COMMUNITY
<ul><ul><li>What is it? – which species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where was it? – location it was seen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When was it there? – date of the observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How was it behaving? – nesting, flowering, calling </li></ul></ul>ClimateWatch allows every Australian to help shape our country’s scientific response to climate change. climatewatch.org.au
Creating a ClimateWatch Trail Choose a Trail Site Shortlist ClimateWatch species from the site management plan or flora/fauna list Start observing and recording <ul><li>Send to ClimateWatch </li></ul><ul><li>Species list, </li></ul><ul><li>Key plant locations, </li></ul><ul><li>Water/Frog locations, </li></ul><ul><li>ClimateWatch creates </li></ul><ul><li>Activity Page, </li></ul><ul><li>Recording sheet, </li></ul><ul><li>Compiled fieldguide, </li></ul>
How is ClimateWatch data validated and interpreted
Australian Curriculum Links L7 – L10 <ul><li>SCIENCE INQUIRY SKILLS </li></ul><ul><li>Planning and Conducting </li></ul><ul><li>Processing and analysing data and information </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating </li></ul><ul><li>SCIENCE UNDERSTANDING </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>SCIENCE AS A HUMAN ENDEAVOUR </li></ul><ul><li>Nature and the development of Science </li></ul><ul><li>Use and influence of Science </li></ul>
Program Partners Founding Sponsor climatewatch.org.au [email_address] @Earthwatch_Aus Marine Sponsor Principal Sponsor Data contributes to