India today is one amongst the most unsafe places for women. There are various factors promoting crime against women. The condition of women in India deteriorated right from medieval times, although instances of crime can be found in ancient India as well. Somewhere, it is not only the origin but also the magnification that makes the issue significant. Modernization and adoption of western culture is posing threat to the dignity of women. In a patriarchal society like India, it is difficult to realize certain circumstances pertaining to women which add on to the troubles of the victim. A big problem lies with the perception and concern of people towards aggrieved woman. It is the need of the hour to understand the underlying causes and the trends in crime, so as to plan out the corrective steps. Through this work, an attempt is made to comprehend the reasons behind the condition of women and to develop an understanding about the trends in Crime against Women in India.