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Generalist Social Work
 Integrated and Multilevel approach for meeting the
purpose of social work where social worker wor...
Integrated /Holistic Approach
 Unified system that fits you and is appropriate for the
settings in which you work i.e., i...
Systems Approach
 Understanding Client as a system that affects and is
effected by systems around, Systems do not exist i...
Structural Social Work Approach
 Central concern is power – personal and political.
 It is concerned with the way in whi...
Strength based Social Work
 Each person has strength & capacity to grow and
change.
 Social worker supports client to re...
Empowerment Approach
 Process of increasing the capacities of individuals to
make choices leading to desirable outcomes.
...
Therapeutic Approach
 This perspective helps understanding how different
experiences affect client and fosters resilience...
Client/ Person Centered Approach
 Client is the heart of this approach that emphasizes -
Clients as the experts of their ...
Existentialist Approach
 Human being create meaning and purpose of life.
People are capable of controlling and changing t...
Cognitive Behavioural Approach
 Behaviours are learned.
 Social Workers try to understand thought patterns.
 It focuses...
Socio- Spatial Approach
Ecological
Centre
Nearer
Ecological
Environment
Ecological
Sectors
Ecological
Periphery
– Most imp...
Procedural Approach
 Individuals are objects that fits into society.
 Problems are rooted in individual actions & decisi...
Individual Pathology Approach
 Individuals are seen as subjects rather than objects,
who, with appropriate intervention c...
Progressive Approach
 Social Workers function to enable the client to
challenge the source of oppression including
instit...
Aboriginal Approach
 It focuses upon indigenous problems and aims at
reducing harmful effects of modernization on
aborigi...
Anti- Oppressive Approach
 It acknowledges oppression.
 Social Workers function to remove or negate their
influences.
Gandhian Approach
 Focuses on – Gram Swarajya, Panchayati Raj
(Administration at local levels), Decentralization,
Women E...
Feminist Approach
 Women centered approach.
 Focuses on understanding women oppression in
relationships and society.
 A...
Eclectic Approach
 It draws from many theories which might be
complementary or contradictory.
 It explains human behavio...
Dialectic Approach
 Everything is related and nothing can be understood
in isolation.
 This approach focuses on question...
Approaches to Social Work
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Approaches to Social Work

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Presented by Richi Simon

Published in: Education
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Approaches to Social Work

  1. 1. Generalist Social Work  Integrated and Multilevel approach for meeting the purpose of social work where social worker works with a variety of systems like- Individuals, Communities, Neighborhood etc. to bring change & enhance its functioning.  Four major premises-  Human behaviour is connected to social and physical environment.  Linkages provide possibilities for changes.  Working with different levels.  Responsibility beyond direct practice.
  2. 2. Integrated /Holistic Approach  Unified system that fits you and is appropriate for the settings in which you work i.e., integrating various methods, techniques, principles, tools, skills etc. that are apt and required for the settings
  3. 3. Systems Approach  Understanding Client as a system that affects and is effected by systems around, Systems do not exist in isolation.  Intrapersonal System – elements present within an individual.  Interpersonal System – elements present between two people.  Environmental System – elements present beyond Interpersonal level.  These systems interact and affect the functioning of the client. Social Worker studies these systems and utilize them for problem solving.
  4. 4. Structural Social Work Approach  Central concern is power – personal and political.  It is concerned with the way in which powerful in the society define and constraint the less powerful.  Conflict arises because of competition for resources and power.  Social workers act ethically and advocate to resolve client’s problems.  Acceptance and adaptation to social structures.
  5. 5. Strength based Social Work  Each person has strength & capacity to grow and change.  Social worker supports client to recognize assets/strengths and enable them to regain control over their lives.  Emphasizing strengths motivates clients while emphasizing problems makes client feel helpless.  This approach focuses on assets, competencies, favorable circumstances and potentials of the client.
  6. 6. Empowerment Approach  Process of increasing the capacities of individuals to make choices leading to desirable outcomes.  It focuses on restoring the power of clients esp. participation in decision making process, creating positive self image, enhancing one’s ability to think and sort what is right and what is wrong.
  7. 7. Therapeutic Approach  This perspective helps understanding how different experiences affect client and fosters resilience.  These do not replace specialist therapeutic interventions like trauma focused therapy etc.
  8. 8. Client/ Person Centered Approach  Client is the heart of this approach that emphasizes - Clients as the experts of their own problems.  Social worker explores the problems with a focus on client and client’s participation is seeked at all the stages throughout intervention/ helping process.
  9. 9. Existentialist Approach  Human being create meaning and purpose of life. People are capable of controlling and changing their lives and are deliberate in their choices.  Relationships influence the way we understand and moreover support client to develop self awareness and assume personal responsibilities in order to reach self- actualization.
  10. 10. Cognitive Behavioural Approach  Behaviours are learned.  Social Workers try to understand thought patterns.  It focuses on problem solving and promoting more accurate ways of understanding world.
  11. 11. Socio- Spatial Approach Ecological Centre Nearer Ecological Environment Ecological Sectors Ecological Periphery – Most important & immediate personal references like – family. – Closer neighborhood & friends. – Public places – Schools, Shops etc. – Fields of contact beyond normal routine, eg., Holiday Destinations Figure: Ecological Zones Development of client takes place in different Ecological Zones, thus they affect client’s physical, psychological and social functioning.
  12. 12. Procedural Approach  Individuals are objects that fits into society.  Problems are rooted in individual actions & decisions, rather than injustices inherent in organizations and institutions.  Those who are unable to fit in the system exhibit deviant behaviour.  Social workers act to make the client adopt more acceptable forms of behaviour.
  13. 13. Individual Pathology Approach  Individuals are seen as subjects rather than objects, who, with appropriate intervention can be enabled to live in a more healthy lifestyle.  Root of problem resides in individuals and in ways they have been socialized.  Social workers here function to make service users to fit more effectively into various systems.  These are normally long term interventions for developing healthy social functioning.  Its goals are often vague and cannot be easily evaluated.
  14. 14. Progressive Approach  Social Workers function to enable the client to challenge the source of oppression including institutions and state and gain more control over their lives.  Problem arises because of existing inequalities or unfair power relations.  Client is seen as a ‘victim’ rather than a ‘creator of situation’.
  15. 15. Aboriginal Approach  It focuses upon indigenous problems and aims at reducing harmful effects of modernization on aboriginal intellect.  Social Work practitioners resolve problems of the natives like discrimination etc.  Understanding historical perspectives and incorporating aboriginal philosophical and healing methods into contemporary practices.
  16. 16. Anti- Oppressive Approach  It acknowledges oppression.  Social Workers function to remove or negate their influences.
  17. 17. Gandhian Approach  Focuses on – Gram Swarajya, Panchayati Raj (Administration at local levels), Decentralization, Women Empowerment, Non-Violence, Non-possession, Sustainable development etc.
  18. 18. Feminist Approach  Women centered approach.  Focuses on understanding women oppression in relationships and society.  Aims at providing mutual support, valuing diversity and emphasizes on women’s experience sharing in order to guide clients in their functioning.
  19. 19. Eclectic Approach  It draws from many theories which might be complementary or contradictory.  It explains human behaviour & interventions in human behaviour.  Pick & Mix – Social Worker tries to match the most helpful theoretical explanation.
  20. 20. Dialectic Approach  Everything is related and nothing can be understood in isolation.  This approach focuses on questioning.  Change is constant and occurs as a result of unity and struggles of opposites. (Thesis - Antithesis).  It draws together theories that may contain opposing assertions.

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