Fire Marshal Bahrainv3


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  • This is the minimum legal requirement for buildings in the Kingdom
  • These should be carried out on a regular basis unless there is a change of floor plan which could affect the egress from the building. A major increase of staff levels or new machinery is fitted, all these changes would result in the fire risk assessment being ammended
  • These test ensure all equipment is tested and maintained so they will function correctly in the event of a fire
  • The emergency procedures document the persons responsible for fire safety and the actions of staff in the event of a fire starting
  • All staff who are expected to use safety equipment should be fully trained and have any relevent literature on the equipment
  • Ensure all staff can operate the fire alarm system. All staff are shown round the building and know where the fire call points, Fire extinguishers and final exit doors are upon induction to company. Ensure all visitors to site are aware of companies fire policies and procedures and if required sit an induction course prior to starting work. Carry out regular fire evacuation drills.
  • Ensure everyone knows the fire evacuation plans Oversees the evacuation. Confirm the Civil Defence has been called. Take the roll call at the assembly points. Liaise with Civil Defence and assist with entry to any locked buildings or inform of any hazards. If safe to do so turn off the gas or electricity to affected areas.
  • The duties of the fire marshal are to aide the fire safety officer by undertaking the above actions
  • Possibly use this as a group exercise
  • This enables a company to assess the actions of staff and to be able to evaluate the policies and procedures
  • A peep is required for all persons with a disability even if it is temporary
  • A fire is a chemical reaction
  • What happens is when a substance is exposed to heat, as it warms up it starts to produce vapours, as these vapours get hotter they then reach ignition temperature where they will ignite. Once you have flames you have more heat and therefore more vapours, this is how a fire grows and spreads
  • Non compartmented fires such as wild fires burn till the fuel runs out, if all the world was a forest the fire would burn forever as there is plenty of fuel and oxygen to sustain the fire
  • If the walls and ceiling are not breached the fire can consume the oxygen and you are faced with the danger of a backdraught. This is why it is dangerous to open fire doors as you could feed oxygen to the fire causing it to explode. However if the doors or windows are breached you will have a ventilated compartment fire, this fire will entrain the oxygen into the flame plume
  • Wood Paper & cardboard etc. Plastics, foam Expanded polystyrene Solvents, paint, adhesives Carpets, furnishings Furniture Textiles Gas / Vapours Waste materials
  • Do group exercise using flipchart before revealing list. Be careful not to overrun on this section Electricity Naked Flames Heaters Lights Smokers ’ materials Cookers Machinery Arson Sparks (external) Sunlight
  • As hay dries out it oxidises this is a chemical reaction which gives off heat
  • However to combust the fuels must be in the form of either gas or a vapour so therefore sufficient energy (heat) must be supplied to convert the fuels to a gaseous state.
  • A substantial number of large fires are caused by electrical faults PAT (Portable Appliance Testing) Don ’t run cables under carpets or where they can be trapped by furniture
  • Aim to show examples of damaged electrical items
  • Be conscious of fire safety Observe good security (Risk of Arson) Don ’t obstruct fire exits, call points or extinguishers Don ’t wedge fire doors open Don ’t allow rubbish to accumulate, especially in “hidden areas” Smoking policy Hot Works permit – for contractors carrying out work with blow-torches etc.
  • Look how close to the building all combustibles and what is in the white container?
  • Smoke is the biggest killer in a fire situation If you are trapped in a smoke filled room try to keep as low as possible and crawl out Only climb out of an upstairs window as a last resort
  • Restricts fire and smoke spread Fire resistant elements Escape times Maintain – avoid breaches
  • Fire resisting walls Fire resisting floors & ceilings Fire resisting structure Fire stopping within concealed spaces Fire resisting doors Fire resisting glazing Fire Warden role?
  • All fire doors are to be fitted with self closers and smoke seals and strips No gaps larger than 3 mm around the door All doors to fully self close within 7 seconds All doors leading onto a designated escape route to be rated fire doors All glass viewing panels to be rated fire glass
  • Extinguishers have safe use instructions on the side.
  • You cannot see the way out Gas cylinders or chemicals are involved Your efforts are not reducing the size of the fire You are not trained in Fire Extinguisher use
  • In larger, complex premises emergency lighting lights the escape if mains power fails The escape route is kept free of obstructions and flammable items Where the escape route is long or complex, exit signs show the way out The final exit door leads to a place of safety and is openable from inside without the use of a key Fire doors and fire resisting construction keep smoke & fire out of the escape route Escape windows provide a second, emergency escape route from the first floor Smoke detectors/alarms are interlinked and give early warning of a fire before it becomes a danger
  • People
  • The biggest fire risk is humans and the strange things they do
  • Should be stored correctly and if required in flammable lockers or storage units
  • Regular practice is the key
  • Fit and maintain a smoke detector Bin the chip pan Fit RCD ’s in fuse box Check round at night Close doors at night Take care with candles. Prepare an escape plan
  • Fire Marshal Bahrainv3

    1. 1. Fire Marshal Training04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 1
    2. 2. Course Contents  Legislation  Fire Chemistry  Fire Training04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 2
    3. 3. Legislation  An Act came into force in 1997  Ministerial Order 21/199704/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 3
    4. 4. The aims of the fire risk assessment  To identify the fire hazards  To reduce the risk of those hazards causing harm to as low as reasonably practicable  To decide what fire precautions and management arrangements are necessary to ensure the safety of the people within the building if a fire does start04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 4
    5. 5. Tests and Inspections  Fire alarm system, Weekly with a different call point tested per zone  Emergency lighting; Monthly illumination test with full annual discharge timed test  Fire Hose Reel; Annual with full testing of hose and branch operation  Fire Extinguishers; Annual with a full discharge and recharge every 5 years04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 5
    6. 6. Emergency Procedures  Means of warning of a fire must be established  Written emergency procedures displayed in a prominent location  Clear access to the site and buildings must be maintained  Clear signs must be installed04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 6
    7. 7. Safety Equipment  All staff should receive training in the use of all safety equipment  All staff should be provided with information in relation to all safety equipment04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 7
    8. 8. Fire Evacuation. Operation of the fire alarm system. All staff know where the fire call points, Fire extinguishers and exit doors are Ensure all visitors to site are aware of companies fire policies and procedures and if required sit an induction course prior to starting work. Carry out regular fire evacuation drills.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 8
    9. 9. Fire Safety Officer• Ensure everyone knows the fire evacuation plans• Oversees the evacuation.• Confirm the Civil Defence has been called.• Take the role call at the assembly points.• Liaise with Civil Defence• If safe to do so turn off the gas or electricity to affected areas.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 9
    10. 10. Fire Marshal.  Assist fire safety officer.  Organise the evacuation of their areas of responsibilities.  Search all areas to ensure all staff have departed.  Organise and carry out any fire fighting if safe to do so.  Re-route staff to alternate escape routes.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 10
    11. 11. Fire Marshal  Assist disabled persons from building.  Close all windows and doors on way out of buildings.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 11
    12. 12. Fire Marshal qualities • Communication skills • Decisive and quick thinking • Efficient • Vociferous • Confident • Awareness04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 12
    13. 13. Fire Drills ‘Togive staff the opportunity to demonstrate that they are prepared and would be confident in the event of a real fire…and understand their workplace evacuation procedure’ At intervals of not more than six months If possible, block one route Complete Post Evacuation Report04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 13
    14. 14. Fire Evacuation.  Pre Planning is essential.  Know where the final exit doors are and where they lead to.  Always have a back up plan in mind.  Keep calm as panic spreads.  Ensure all escape routs are clearly indicated and clear of obstructions (both inside and outside the buildings)04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 14
    15. 15. PEEP - Personal Emergency Evacuation PlanIt is essential that PEEP is fully tested04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 15
    16. 16. Rescue-Chairs04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 16
    17. 17. Human Behaviour in Fires  Only 15% of people will react in the desired way.  15% will not respond to exit signage and escape routes.  Most people will try and leave the building the same way they came in leading to bottle necks.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 17
    18. 18. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 18
    19. 19. Dialling 999  Always give the following information;  Your name, address and phone number  Service required  Type of incident  Any other hazards  If unsure of exact location any landmarks,  Don`t hang up until told to do so04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 19
    20. 20. Chemistry of Fire  For a fire to start we need three things;  A source of heat  Combustible material (a fuel)  Oxygen  If all three are present under the correct conditions then we will have a chemical reaction and the result will be a fire starting04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 20
    21. 21. Chemistry of Fire  Nothing actually burns !04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 21
    22. 22. Chemistry of Fire  There are two types of fire a non- compartment fire and a compartment fire  Non-compartment fires have no physical restraints (walls etc) and will burn till they run out of fuel04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 22
    23. 23. Chemistry of Fire  Compartment fires have physical restraints i.e. Walls and ceilings.  The fire can consume the oxygen and eventually go out, However the opening of a door or window will further feed the fire04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 23
    24. 24. Triangle of Fire04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 24
    25. 25. Triangle of Fire  To extinguish the fire you need to:  Remove the fuel and starve the fire.  Remove the oxygen and smother the fire.  Remove the heat and cool the fire.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 25
    26. 26. What fuels do you have in yourworkplace?04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 26
    27. 27. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 27
    28. 28. Sources of Ignition  Chemical- a reaction giving off heat i.e. hay.  Discarded smoking materials.  Arson.  Electricity.  Mechanical – a drive belt rubbing off a guard creating friction04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 28
    29. 29. Combustion  Fuels involved can be in three states;  Solid  Liquid  Gas04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 29
    30. 30. Fire Prevention – Electrical Safety• Always report defective or faulty electrical equipment• Turn off electrical equipment when not in use• Ensure that electrical wiring, plugs and sockets are sound, correctly fused and there is no overloading.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 30
    31. 31. Electrical HazardsThe use of extensionleads/reels/adapters04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 31
    32. 32. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 32
    33. 33. Fire safety practice04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 33
    34. 34. Fire safety practice04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 34
    35. 35. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 35
    36. 36. Products of Combustion  Heat  Light  Smoke and gases. These include Hydrogen cyanide, Hydrochloric and Sulphuric Acid gases, Carbon Monoxide and Dioxide, Mustard gas.  These gases are commonly known as smoke inhalation.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 36
    37. 37. Dangers of smoke04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 37
    38. 38. RADIATION CONVECTION COO L AIR. CONDUCTIO DIRECT04/06/12 N BURNING Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 38
    39. 39. Compartmentation04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 39
    40. 40. Compartmentation04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 40
    41. 41. A fire door that was effective04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 41
    42. 42. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 42
    43. 43. Or this one?04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 43
    44. 44. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 44
    45. 45. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 45
    46. 46. What is “good housekeeping”?Control combustible itemsControl ignition sourcesKeep means of escape clearEnsure extinguishers are working and visibleEnsure signage is visibleEnsure external areas are clear 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 46
    47. 47. Fire Training F IRE I NFORM R AISE E VACUATE.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 47
    48. 48. Fire Fighting Equipment04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 48
    49. 49. Information on extinguishers Plastic Seal. (over pin ) Contents Gauge. Type of Extinguisher. Method of operation. Class of Fires Service Oct 2004 Service date. .04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 49
    50. 50. Safe use of extinguishers  Do not use unless trained to do so.  Observe fire class limitations.  CO2 extinguisher Service example – Do not hold Oct 2004 the horn when using.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 50
    51. 51. Fire Class Symbols  Free burning materials, paper, wood  Flammable liquids, petrol, solvents  Flammable gases, methane, propane04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 51
    52. 52. Fire Class Symbols Cooking fats Fires involving electricity04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 52
    53. 53. Fire Extinguishers P Pull the pin A Aim at the base of fire S Squeeze the handle S Sweep from side to side04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 53
    54. 54. Do not fight a fire if…  It is bigger than a waste paper bin  One extinguisher is not enough  Smoke is affecting your breathing04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 54
    55. 55. Fire Blankets Any colour body or label but they are usually red or white. For use on any type of fire but best on small contained class B fires and people on fire. Extinguishes by smothering 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 55
    56. 56. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 56
    57. 57. Emergency Smokelighting detectors/alarms Escape Escape route windows Signage Final exit Fire Doors door 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 57
    58. 58. Major Fire Hazards04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 58
    59. 59. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 59
    60. 60. 04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 60
    61. 61. Fire Management in Buildings  Written Emergency Procedures.  Regular fire Drills.  Staff Training.  Regular fire safety inspections.  Maintenance of equipment.  Keep records04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 61
    62. 62. Staff Do`s  On hearing the alarm staff should;  Leave by the closest safest escape route.  Close all windows and doors.  Escort visitors and disabled people from the building.  Report immediately to role caller/ assembly point04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 62
    63. 63. Staff Donts  Attempt to use the lifts unless you have special dispensation to do so.  Run or lag behind.  Return for personal belongings.  Try to re-enter the building unless told it is safe to do so.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 63
    64. 64. Office Equipment  Do not overload plugs and sockets.  Avoid overheating.  Do not mis-use equipment.  Always allow adequate ventilation.  Switch off and unplug all appliances when not in use.04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 64
    65. 65. Home Fire Safety All todays information can be put to use in the home04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 65
    66. 66. Any Questions ?04/06/12 Serco Kanoo Training Solutions 66