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RICHA
TRIPATHI
CONTENTS
 Introduction
 History of sonar
 Types of Sonar
 Application
 Limitation
 New innovation of sonar
 How it ...
introduction
 Sonar,which in itself originally an acronym for sound navigation &
ranging.
 Sonar is a device that is use...
 The time taken by sound wave to come back is
recorded.
 And by knowing the speed of sound wave in water the
distance ca...
history
 We know that some animals (dolphins and bats) have use sound as a
medium of communication and objects detection ...
 But use of the sound by
humans in the water is initially
recorded by Leonardo da Vinci
in 1490: a tube inserted into
the...
Type of sonar
 ACTIVE SONAR
 PASSIVE SONAR
Active sonar
 Active sonar uses sound
transmitter and receiver . And
there are 3 modes of operation :
 Monostatic mode
...
 Monostatic mode : When the transmitter and receiver are at
the same place.
 Bistatic mode : When the transmitter and re...
Passive sonar
 Passive sonar listens without
transmitting.
 Passive sonar has a wide variety of
techniques for identifyi...
Application
 It is used to find the actual depth of the sea.
 Sonar systems are used to find lost ships and
submarines.
...
Limitation
 It has an adverse effects on marine animals like
dolphins and whales ,that also use sound waves for
their nav...
NEW INnovation OF SONAR
FORGET TINY MOBILES KEYBOARD YOU
COULD SOON TYPE IN MID-AIR &
SURFACE.
A new sonar technology developed by a lead author Rajlakshmi
Nandkumar a student in University of Washington,and some
comp...
Finger io
 A new sonar technology called Finger IO will make it easier to interact
with screens on smartwatches and smart...
HOW IT WORKS
b
tthttttt
34589hgcc
Nnnhgirw543ihbAAA
The device’s own speaker to release an inaudible
sound wave which we c...
WORKING
 The minimum difference between the drawings and
the FingerIO tracings was 0.8 centimetres for the
smartphone and...
conclusion
 It’s very easy way of typing and after sometime we
use this technique.
 Finger IO makes it easier than ever ...
Sonar tech
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Sonar technology ppt
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Sonar technology ppt

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Sonar technology ppt

  1. 1. RICHA TRIPATHI
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  History of sonar  Types of Sonar  Application  Limitation  New innovation of sonar  How it works  Conclusion  Video
  3. 3. introduction  Sonar,which in itself originally an acronym for sound navigation & ranging.  Sonar is a device that is used to detect underwater objects using sound waves.  In this system a sound pulse is generated and sent underwater through a transmitter.  Sound waves are reflected by the underwater object which are received at receiver.
  4. 4.  The time taken by sound wave to come back is recorded.  And by knowing the speed of sound wave in water the distance can be easily calculated by formula.  Distance = speed x time  The acoustic frequencies used in sonar systems vary from very low (infrasonic) to extremely high (ultrasonic).
  5. 5. history  We know that some animals (dolphins and bats) have use sound as a medium of communication and objects detection for millions of years.
  6. 6.  But use of the sound by humans in the water is initially recorded by Leonardo da Vinci in 1490: a tube inserted into the water was said to be used to detect vessels by placing an ear to the tube.  Sonar was first patented by Lewis Richardson and German physicist Alexander Behm in 1913. The first measurement of sound speed in 1826
  7. 7. Type of sonar  ACTIVE SONAR  PASSIVE SONAR
  8. 8. Active sonar  Active sonar uses sound transmitter and receiver . And there are 3 modes of operation :  Monostatic mode  Bistatic mode  Multistatic mode
  9. 9.  Monostatic mode : When the transmitter and receiver are at the same place.  Bistatic mode : When the transmitter and receiver are separated by some distance.  Multistatic mode : When more transmitters (or more receivers) are used, again spatially separated.
  10. 10. Passive sonar  Passive sonar listens without transmitting.  Passive sonar has a wide variety of techniques for identifying the source of a detected sound.  Passive sonar system have large sonic database but sonar operator classify signals by use of computer and use these databases to identify classes of ships and action.
  11. 11. Application  It is used to find the actual depth of the sea.  Sonar systems are used to find lost ships and submarines.  These are used in ocean surveillance systems.  They are used by navy detect the locations of enemy submarines.  They are used for under water security.
  12. 12. Limitation  It has an adverse effects on marine animals like dolphins and whales ,that also use sound waves for their navigation.  It leads whales to painful and often fatal decompression sickness.  The sonar systems generate lot of noise.  High intensity sonar sounds can create a small temporary shift in the hearing threshold of some fish.
  13. 13. NEW INnovation OF SONAR FORGET TINY MOBILES KEYBOARD YOU COULD SOON TYPE IN MID-AIR & SURFACE.
  14. 14. A new sonar technology developed by a lead author Rajlakshmi Nandkumar a student in University of Washington,and some computer scientists and electrical engineers that allows you to interact with mobile devices by writing or gesturing on any nearby surface -- a tabletop, a sheet of paper or even in mid-air.
  15. 15. Finger io  A new sonar technology called Finger IO will make it easier to interact with screens on smartwatches and smartphones by simply writing or gesturing on any nearby surface. It’s is an active sonar system using the device’s own microphones and speakers to track fine-grained finger movements (to within 8mm).  Two microphones are needed to track finger motion in two dimensions, and three for three dimensions. So this system may work (when available commercially) with some smartphones (it was tested with a Samsung Galaxy S4).  It also track subtle finger motion around the device,even when the phone is inside a pocket.
  16. 16. HOW IT WORKS b tthttttt 34589hgcc Nnnhgirw543ihbAAA The device’s own speaker to release an inaudible sound wave which we can’t heard.These are called Orthogonal Frequency DivisionMultiplexing. That signal rebounds off the finger, and those “echoes” are recorded by the device’s microphones and helped to estimate the finger’s current place in space.
  17. 17. WORKING  The minimum difference between the drawings and the FingerIO tracings was 0.8 centimetres for the smartphone and 1.2 centimetres for the smartwatch.  The scientists developed a FingerIO prototype app for smartphone and a smartwatch equipped with two microphones, which are required to track finger motion in two dimensions
  18. 18. conclusion  It’s very easy way of typing and after sometime we use this technique.  Finger IO makes it easier than ever to interact with devices that have small screens.  Finger IO does not require any special finger instrumentation, sensors or hardware.
  19. 19. Sonar tech video

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