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The value of values in a transformative learning by richard close

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Presentation for 2014 Global Education Conference
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The value of values in a transformative learning by richard close

  1. 1. Presenter Name:! Richard C. Close! ! Presentation Title: “The Value of Values” in a Transformation Learning Framework.” How student’s values/experiences impact learning and instructional design methods.
  2. 2. “The Value of Values” in a Transformation Learning Framework.” How student’s values/experiences impact learning and instructional design methods.by Richard C. Close Of Dewey, Lindeman, Knowles, UNESCO , Academia and Skid Row Copyright Richard C. Close 2014
  3. 3. Speaker Richard C Close CEO-Servant Chrysalis Campaign, Inc. • 25+ year Corp Learning markets • Full Sail University Master Instructional Design (enrolled) • Developer of: Global Learning Framework™ Personal Learning Framework™ Transformative Learning Method™ • lK-12 and Poverty Methods • Speaker Author
  4. 4. 01 Copyright Chrysalis Campaign. Inc is a US based a non-stock holding Incorporation seeking 501 C3 status! ! Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. ! Africa and Rescue Mission photography is the copyright of Richard C. Close and may not be reproduced. ! Global Learning Framework, Personal Learning Framework and Transformation Learning Framework and the trademark and copyright of Richard C. Close 2010 -2014
  5. 5. The Lost Boys of South Sudan Survival and the Value of Values https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBuJ5VpQS18
  6. 6. The Great Knowledge Revolutions… About Values and Context Redistribute the control of knowledge! ✤ 1500 AD, Martin Luther - Translation of the Bible into peoples language empowering them to teach themselves truth. The power of the printing press.! ✤ 21 Century, Internet - Peoples empowerment to bypass all institutional learning with a global, public and collaborative collective.
  7. 7. 01 It’s about Empowerment Who has the power.! In Adult Learning the student take ownership and we provide the tools.! They will find their purpose and our job is to help them.! The educator and mentor are the servant.!
  8. 8. Elitism vs. The Radicals
  9. 9. 01 John Dewey (1859 - 1952) ✤ Student is not an empty slate! ✤ Freedom of intelligence! ✤ The right experience! ✤ Teachers must change from Authoritarian! ✤ Association Adult Learning! ✤ Key reading: Dewey, J. (1938) Experience and Education,New York: Collier Books. (Collier edition first published 1963)
  10. 10. 01 Eduard C. Lindeman 1885 -1953 ✤ Lindeman, E. C. (1925). “The meaning of adult education.“ New York: New Republic! ✤ Student driven! ✤ Concern for social justice! ✤ Experience verse subject! ✤ Industrial vs. Personal! ✤ Trade Vs. Life http://www.halloffame.outreach.ou.edu/2002/lindeman.html “Adult education is a co-operative venture in non-authoritarian, informal learning the chief purpose of which is to discover the meaning of experience; a quest of the mind which digs down to the roots of the preconceptions which formulate our conduct; a technique of learning for adults which makes education coterminous with life, and hence elevates living itself to the level of an experiment.”! What is Adult Education? (1925)
  11. 11. 01 Malcolm Knowles Andragogy (1984) 1. Self-concept: As a person matures his self concept moves from one of being a dependent personality toward one of being a self-directed human being 2. Experience: As a person matures he accumulates a growing reservoir of experience that becomes an increasing resource for learning. 3. Readiness to learn. As a person matures his readiness to learn becomes oriented increasingly to the developmental tasks of his social roles. 4. Orientation to learning. As a person matures his time perspective changes from one of postponed application of knowledge to immediacy of application, and accordingly his orientation toward learning shifts from one of subject-centeredness to one of problem centredness. 5. Motivation to learn: As a person matures the motivation to learn is internal (Knowles 1984:12). http://web.utk.edu/~start6/knowles/malcolm_knowles.html
  12. 12. h"ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f8liieRepk h"p://www.freedomwritersfounda@on.org/ What is really going on in our classes? h"ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f8liieRepk
  13. 13. 01 UNESCO FOUR PILLARS (Values)! 1. Learn to know! 2. Learn to be! 3. Learn to communicate! 4. Learn to do! From “Learning The Treasure Within” http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/ 0010/001095/109590eo.pdf
  14. 14. 01 Academic AL Perry, Kegan Mezirow ✤ Frameworks ! ✤ Reflection! ✤ Relativeness (key difference)! ✤ Adoption to the institutions culture! ✤ Ivy league culture research! ✤ Anti religious values! ✤ Entitlement culture! ✤ Stages 15
  15. 15. 01 Values Clarification “…is based on the premise that none of us has the “right” set of values” 1976 p127! Three Processes! 1. Choosing (freely)! 2. Prizing ! 3. Acting Simon, S.B., Howe, L.W., & Kirschenbaum, H. Values Clarification: A Handbook of ... Practical Strategies for Teachers and Students (New York: Hart Publishin Lipe, D. A Critical Analysis of Values Clarification, From: http:// www.apologeticspress.org/rr/ reprints/critical-analysis-of-values-cla. pdf
  16. 16. Government Version of Learning Common Core in a Uncommon World Walt Disney's Surprise Package (1944). “Might Highty Tidy” By Dick Huemer and Joe Grant In front of the jail, the Highty-Tighty put a great machine. “Now,” he said, “begins the fun. We'll take these folk and stretch them a little here, squeeze them a little there, press a bit, flatten a bit, until their forms are just like mine!” ! The people shook their fists and cried out angry shouts. But it was no use. One after the other, the short, the tall, the fat, the lean, were crammed into the wide metal mouth of the dreadful machine. One after the other they tumbled out again, stretched and flattened and absolutely square!
  17. 17. 01 Why academia ignore values? ✤ Hard to measure emotions, feelings and cognitive weight! ✤ Does not work with testing methods and technology! ✤ Values are not tangible and can be misinterpreted! ✤ Academia believes values are linked with religion! ✤ Academia is anti religion! ✤ Not economical for text publishing
  18. 18. The business version of education… (Assess - Texts -Tests) http://schoolingtheworld.org/film/
  19. 19. Norman Webb 2005 How Deep Does Knowledge Go? https://education.ohio.gov/getattachment/Topics/Teaching/Educator-Evaluation-System/How-to-Design-and-Select-Quality-Assessments/HO4-DOK-Chart.pdf.aspx
  20. 20. Rejection vs. Rescue
  21. 21. 01 Sink or Swim ✤ Failure is student’s problem! ✤ Satisfy the systems requirements! ✤ Values and culture irrelevant! ✤ Tracking! ✤ Grades! ✤ Economics! ✤ Common Core Machine
  22. 22. Different Strokes for…… What kind of educator are you?
  23. 23. 01 Allan Bloom 1987 There is no real teacher who in practice does not believe in the existence of the soul, or in a magic that acts on it through speech.! ! •! Preface! ! They [students] learned to doubt beliefs even before they believed in anything.! ! •! p. 42! ! The dreariness of the family’s spiritual landscape passes belief. … The delicate fabric of the civilization into which the successive generations are woven has unraveled, and children are raised, not educated.! ! •! p. 57! ! As it now stands, students have powerful images of what a perfect body is and pursue it incessantly. But deprived of literary guidance, they no longer have any image of a perfect soul, and hence do not long to have one. They do not even imagine that there is such a thing.! ! •! p. 67! Bloom, A. D. (1987). The closing of the American mind: how higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today's students. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  24. 24. Spirit vs. Industry rages on.. http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/n/no_child_left_behind_act/index.html?inline=nyt-.ifier
  25. 25. Transformation… AL Theory
  26. 26. Framework( Reflec%on( Framework( Framework( Point(of(View( Theory: Mezirow Transformative Learning TL http://www.esludwig.com/uploads/2/6/1/0/26105457/transformative-learning-mezirow-1997.pdf
  27. 27. 01 What’s a Framework? ✤ Experiences! ✤ Values! ✤ Beliefs! ✤ Learning Styles! ✤ Personality! ✤ Memory! ✤ Competencies! ✤ Education! ✤ ?
  28. 28. 01 Reflection!!
  29. 29. “Values”! “Importance and lasting beliefs or ideal shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad and desirable or undesirable. Values have major influence on a persona’s behavior and attitude and serve as broad guidelines in all situations.”! ! “The monetary worth of something…” – From www.businessdictionary.com
  30. 30. Pos.. Spiral Frameworks = ($$)Motivators Copyright Richard C. Close 2013 Personal Learning Framework Success Point of View Reflec%on( Entitlement Faith(in( Future( Community( Encouragement( $$( Resources( Have(lots(of( stuff( Safe(Reliable(( Good( Environment( Educa%on( Good(role( Models(
  31. 31. Poor%role% Models% UnSafe%9%Unstable% Environment% everything% Neg. Spiral Frameworks = (de)Motivators Copyright Richard C. Close 2013 Personal Learning Framework What% Future?% Substandard% Educa2on% Denial%of% resources% Lack%of% Rejec2on%&% PTS% Poverty Point of View Reflec2on%
  32. 32. http://www.freedomwritersfoundation.org Values shape the experience h"ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HU_BueZZNd8 Date
  33. 33. Entitlement Community" Encouragement" The Problem is… two different worlds Personal Learning Framework Date $$" Resources" Have"lots"of" stuff" Safe"Reliable"" Good" Environment" Educa<on" Good"role" Models" What" Future?" Faith"in" Future" Substandard" Educa<on" Poor"role" Models" UnSafe"D"Unstable" Environment" Denial"of" resources" Lack"of" everything" Rejec<on"&" PTS" Poverty
  34. 34. Point of View Personal Learning Framework Success Reflec%on( Entitlement Faith(in( Future( Community( Encouragement( $$( Resources( Have(lots(of( stuff( Safe(Reliable(( Good( Environment( Educa%on( Good(role( Models( Copyright Richard C. Close 2013 Personal Learning Framework Substandard% Educa2on% Poor%role% Models% UnSafe%9%Unstable% Environment% Denial%of% resources% Lack%of% everything% Rejec2on%&% PTS% What% Future?% The Problem is… also disproportional
  35. 35. Entitlement vs. Poverty/Trauma Paths From Personal Learning Framework Copyright Richard C. Close 2013 Personal Learning Framework Family' • Dysfunc/onal'1'hos/le' • Addic/ons' School' • Secession'of'struggles' • Poor'grades'and'friends' Work' • Low'pay'and'self'esteem' • Oppression' • Salary'&'Social'Status' • Opportunity' ' • Scaffolding'success' • Good'grades'&'friends' ' • Dependable'future' • Safe'comfortable'home' Work' School' Family'
  36. 36. Teaching as a moral choice?
  37. 37. 01 What needs to Transform? We facilitate change with alternate experiences ✤ Values ✤ Self image ✤ Life a learning skills ✤ Self worth ✤ Communica@on skills ✤ Workforce skills ✤ Opportunity
  38. 38. Change'needs'evidence'by' doing'and'witnessing'results' We need to reverse….. everything From the Personal Learning Framework Copyright Richard C. Close 2013 Personal Learning Framework Changed Life Style Reflec%on( Plus( Posi%ve( Prac%ce( SITUATIONAL(EXPERIENCE( • Posi%ve(role(model( • Posi%ve(Values( • Success(in(competencies( • Success(in(literacy( • Success(in(crea%vity( • Personal(value(and( serving( • Personal(value(in( contribu%ng(
  39. 39. Resources" Good" Environment" Educa=on" Good"role" Disrupt((Neg.(with(Posi1ve( Framework((Experiences( Experiential Learning Transformation Replacement Framework From the Personal Learning Framework Copyright Richard C. Close 2013 Personal Learning Framework Changed Point of View $$" Community" Encouragement" I"have"what"I" need"to"succeed" Safe"Reliable"" Models" Faith"in" Future" Reflec=on"
  40. 40. Provide the opposite experience From UNESCO seeded project “I am Africa. This is my story.” http://i-am-the-story.ning.com
  41. 41. Intervention = Values Replacement From https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cY-iy_dOIFY
  42. 42. Break it down deeper Dewey, John (1938). Experience & Education. New York, NY: Kappa Delta Pi. ISBN 0-684-83828-1.
  43. 43. CREATE& INTAKE& PROCESS' Learning& Styles& Life& Skills& Observa.on'&' Analysis& Values'&'' Reac.on& What is the process of “experience” From the Personal Learning (TM) GEC 2013
  44. 44. EXPERIENCE& Brain&'&Body& Time%Space%Locked% Consciousness& Probability%Reflec6on% Individual& Witness%:%Character% Three Processor Theory of Experience From The Personal Learning Framework(TM)
  45. 45. Posi1ve( Fun( Econ.( Stocked( Value( Weighted( Value( Temperature(( Status(( Cheap( No(Frills( Nega1ve( Empty( Descrip1ve( Context( Cold( HOT( What is the Value of a Value? Think Science —- The measurement of a force
  46. 46. Posi0ve( Posi0ve( Secure( Framework = KO + Context + Value The forces on how we evaluate/reflect our personal concept of a piece of knowledge. Date Stocked( Empty( Nega0ve( My# HOME# Knowledge# Object# Family(( Unstable( Nega0ve( Environment(( Context( Pos.(Neg.( Weight(of( Value(
  47. 47. Posi0ve( Stocked( Environment(( Empty( Nega0ve( My# HOME# Knowledge# Object# Posi0ve( Secure( Family(( Unstable( Nega0ve( Pos. Framework = KO + Context + (posi@ve) Values The forces on how we evaluate/reflect a piece of knowledge.
  48. 48. Posi0ve( Stocked( Environment(( Empty( Nega0ve( My# HOME# Knowledge# Object# Posi0ve( Family(( Secure( Unstable( Nega0ve( Neg. Framework = KO + Context + (nega@ve) Values The forces on how we evaluate/reflect a piece of knowledge.
  49. 49. The$Knowledge$Object$is$ Constant:$Father,)work,) home,)homework,)Etc.) Provide)a)new$ experience$by) altering)the)context) and)the)values)of) the)Context) Experience)=)KO)+)(Descrip1ves)+)Values)! Add$New$or$ Change$ Descrip1ons)of) the)Percep1on) of)the) Knowledge) Objects) Alter$the) Pos.)&)Neg.) Ra1ngs)of)the) Contexts) Transformation is an Experiential Replacement Method From Personal Learning Framework
  50. 50. The Three Processor Experience
  51. 51. What’s inside “Reflection”
  52. 52. Date Framework Replacement Methods From the Personal Learning Framework Changed Point of View Faith"in" Future" Community" Encouragement" $$" Resources" I"have"what"I" need"to"succeed" Safe"Reliable"" Good" Environment" Educa=on" Good"role" Models" Reflec=on" Disrupt((Neg.(with(Posi1ve( Framework((Experiences(
  53. 53. Christian vs. Academic Value Systems
  54. 54. Academic Based! ✤ “Relativeness” value system! ✤ Competency based! ✤ Collective values! ✤ Group organization loyalty! ✤ Relative guide lines! ✤ Consumerism based! ✤ Realtiveness! Christian Based! ✤ Inherent value system! ✤ Inherent purpose! ✤ “Love one another” primary value! ✤ Purpose driven! ✤ Clear guidelines! ✤ Right and wrong! ✤ God Based! Values vs. Accomplishment Ed. Systems
  55. 55. http://tiahblog.blogspot.com/2013/05/comics-on-tv-superman-72.html Values vs. Consumer Media Systems
  56. 56. When academics and faith work together… From Stories of Skid Row Union Rescue Mission h"ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nsNsc051wW8
  57. 57. The Lotus grows from the mud
  58. 58. How does a personal transform their life against all odds? https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=mD1bYbcxkrM
  59. 59. By Richard C. Close The Chrysalis Campaign, Inc. New Milford, CT 06776 richardcclose@gmail.com Twi"er: richardcclose Blog: richardclose.blogspot.com Global Learning Framework Community Chrysalis Campaign. Inc. Site: h"p://globallearningframework.ning.com ! Micro Learning Paths™, Global Learning Framework™, Personal Learning Framework™. Transforma@ve Learning Framework ™ are Trademarks 2011 -­‐ 2014 Richard C. Close Africa and Brooklyn, NY photography copyright 2007-­‐11 Richard C. Close More informa@on at richardclose.blogspot.com ! Chrysalis Campaign, Inc. In a US non-­‐stock holding company. ! UNESCO Seed storytelling portal at: h"p://this-­‐is-­‐my-­‐story.ning.com Questions
  60. 60. Research References ✤ Experience in Education http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Experience_and_Education_(book)! ✤ infed.org, Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy! ✤ Infed.org, Eduard C. Lindeman and the meaning of adult education, Retrieved http://infed.org/mobi/eduard-c-lindeman-and-the-meaning-of-adult-education/! ✤ Infed.org, Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy, Retrieved from: http://infed.org/mobi/malcolm-knowles-informal-adult- education-self-direction-and-andragogy/ ! ✤ PEA, R. D. (1997) ‘Practices of distributed intelligence and designs for education’, in G. Salomon (Ed.) Distributed Cognitions. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 47–87. From http://tecfa.unige.ch/tecfa/publicat/dil-papers-2/dc2/dc2.pdf
  61. 61. Media References ✤ Freedom Writers Show Down: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HU_BueZZNd8! ✤ Freedom Writers Essay: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f8liieRepk! ✤ Jacob Atem Lost Boys of South Sudan TEDx: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBuJ5VpQS18 ! ✤ God Grew Tired of us (Lost Boys Sudan Documentary): http://www.godgrewtiredofus.com! ✤ The First Grader: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mD1bYbcxkrM! ✤ Working Her Way Out of Homelessness - Union Rescue Mission: https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=nsNsc051wW8! ✤ How do Children Survive Skip Row - Union Rescue Mission: https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=cY-iy_dOIFY
  62. 62. Rabbit Trails ✤ Experience in Education http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Experience_and_Education_(book)! ✤ infed.org, Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy! ✤ Infed.org, Eduard C. Lindeman and the meaning of adult education, Retrieved http://infed.org/mobi/eduard-c-lindeman-and-the-meaning-of-adult-education/ ! ✤ Infed.org, Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy, Retrieved from: http://infed.org/mobi/malcolm-knowles-informal-adult- education-self-direction-and-andragogy/ !

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