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Josephine G.Paterson and
    Loretta T. Zderad
Concepts and Assumptions
• Central Theme: Humanistic
  Nursing
  – Nursing is concerned with the
    individual’s unique being and
    striving towards becoming,
    nurtured in relationships.
  – Concerned with the
    phenomenological experiences of
    individuals and the exploration of
    human experiences
PERSON
• Man is an individual being
  necessarily related to other men in
  time and space.
PERSON
• Capable, open to options, with
  values, and the unique manifestation of
  their past, present and future
PERSON
• Interactive and needs to be viewed as
  competent.
ENVIRONMENT
  • The phenomenon of
    society or environment
    is the community.
  • Community is defined
    as two or more persons
    striving together, living-
    dying all at once.
HEALTH
• A matter of personal survival, a process of
  experiencing one’s potential for well being and
  more-being, a quality of living and dying; not
  merely the absence of disease. It is a process
  of finding the meaning of life
   – More-being refers to being in the process of
     becoming all that is humanly possible.
   – Well being – a steady state
NURSING
• A nurturing response of one
  person to another in a time of
  need that aims toward
  development of well being and
  more being
• Helps increase the possibility
  of making responsible choices,
  since this is how human
  beings are able to become

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Relationship Theories

  • 1. Josephine G.Paterson and Loretta T. Zderad
  • 2. Concepts and Assumptions • Central Theme: Humanistic Nursing – Nursing is concerned with the individual’s unique being and striving towards becoming, nurtured in relationships. – Concerned with the phenomenological experiences of individuals and the exploration of human experiences
  • 3. PERSON • Man is an individual being necessarily related to other men in time and space.
  • 4. PERSON • Capable, open to options, with values, and the unique manifestation of their past, present and future
  • 5. PERSON • Interactive and needs to be viewed as competent.
  • 6. ENVIRONMENT • The phenomenon of society or environment is the community. • Community is defined as two or more persons striving together, living- dying all at once.
  • 7. HEALTH • A matter of personal survival, a process of experiencing one’s potential for well being and more-being, a quality of living and dying; not merely the absence of disease. It is a process of finding the meaning of life – More-being refers to being in the process of becoming all that is humanly possible. – Well being – a steady state
  • 8. NURSING • A nurturing response of one person to another in a time of need that aims toward development of well being and more being • Helps increase the possibility of making responsible choices, since this is how human beings are able to become