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Caring Theories


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Caring Theories

  1. 1. Caring Theories Part 2
  2. 2. Lydia Eloise Hall 1926-Feb. 27,1969
  3. 3. Central theme: 3 components of nursing– core, care, and cure Core
  4. 4. Caring is the nurse’sprimary function. Care(hands-on bodily care)represents nurturance andis exclusive to nursing.
  5. 5. Core involves thetherapeutic use of selfand emphasizes the useof reflection.
  6. 6. Cure focuses onnursing which relatesto medicalknowledge.
  7. 7. Person: The patient is composed ofbody, pathology, and person. People set theirown goals and are capable of learning andgrowing. Person
  8. 8. Environment:It shouldfacilitate theachievement ofthe client’spersonal goal.
  9. 9. Health: Thedevelopment of amature self-identity thatassists in theconsciousselection ofactions thatfacilitate growth.
  10. 10. Anne Boykin 1944- Savina Schoenhofer 1940-Nursing as Caring
  11. 11. Central Theme: Nurturingpersons, living, caring and growing incaring know persons as caring person
  12. 12. Two Perspectives:» Perception of Person as Caring – all persons are caring» Conception of Nursing as a Discipline and Profession
  13. 13. Discipline :» Nursing is a unity of science, art and illness» Nursing is a response which involves knowing, living, and valuing all at once» Develops knowledge
  14. 14. Profession:» Based on everyday human experiences and responses to one another» Uses knowledge to respond to specific human needs
  15. 15. Fundamental assumptions1. Person-as-person2. Person-as-whole3. Person-as-caring
  16. 16. 7 Major Assumptions1. Persons are caring by virtue of their humanness.2. Persons are fully caring, moment to moment.3. Persons are whole or complete in the moment.4. Personhood is a process of living, grounded in caring.
  17. 17. 7 Major Assumptions5. Personhood is enhanced through participating in a nurturing relationship with caring others.6. Nursing is both a discipline and a profession.7. Persons are viewed complete and continuously growing in completeness.
  18. 18. The Dance of Caring Persons
  19. 19. The Dance of Caring PersonsRepresents lived caring between the nurse and thenursed.» The contributions of each dancer including the nursed are honored.» Dancers enter the nursing situation, visualized as a circle of caring that provides purpose and integrated function.
  20. 20. The Dance of Caring Persons: Ground Rules» Move freely, touch or don’t touch; all dance in relation to each other and to the circle» Each dancer brings a special gift.» With different notes and rhythms, all harmonize in the unity of the dance and the oneness of the circle.» Personal knowing of self and others leads to respect.