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Assistant Professor
FELIX MICHAEL C. SILBOR
UST Institute of Physical Education and
Athletics
VOLLEYBALL
History, Skills and Rules of Game
WHAT IS VOLLEYBALL?

        Volleyball is a game played by two teams of 2 to 6
players each on a rectangular playing court divided by a net.
        The object of the game is to send an inflated ball over
the net in order to ground it in the opponent’s court and to
prevent the opponents from doing the same. A team is allowed
three touches before returning the ball.
        The ball is put into play by a service, where the ball is
hit by a server over the net to the opponents. The rally
continues until the ball is grounded on the playing court, goes
out of bounds or the other team fails to return it properly.
        The team winning the rally scores a point. When the
receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to
serve, and its player rotates one position clockwise.
HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL
        On February 9, 1895, William G. Morgan, a YMCA
physical education director in Holyoke, Massachusetts, USA,
created a new game called Mintonette. He intended the game
as a pastime to be played indoors and by any number of
players. The game resembled some characteristics of tennis
and handball. Incidentally, another indoor sport, basketball,
was becoming popular in the area, having been invented just
sixteen kilometers away in the city of Springfield,
Massachusetts, only four years earlier. Mintonette was designed
to be an indoor sport less rough than basketball for older
members of the YMCA, while still requiring a bit of athletic
effort.
HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL
        William G. Morgan wrote down the first rules of the
game which called for a net 6ft 6in high, a 25x50ft court, and
any number of players. There were nine innings with three
serves for each team in each inning and an unlimited number
of ball contacts for each team before the ball is sent to the
opponents’ court.
        The game became known as volleyball when an
observer named Alfred Halstead, noticed the volleying nature
of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at
the International YMCA training school. Soon, the game
spread rapidly around the USA to various YMCA chapters.
HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL
        The rules changed over time. In 1916 in the Philippines,
the skill and power of the set and spike has been introduced,
and four years later a “three hits” rule and a rule against
hitting from the back row were established. In the 1917, the
game was changed from 21 to 15 points.
        Modern volleyball now allows hitting from the back row
and scoring was changed from 15 to 25 points. Either team
can score after each rally.
        In the 1947, the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball
(FIVB), the governing body of the game was founded.
        Volleyball became an official Olympic event in the 1924
Paris Games. Beach volleyball was sanction by the FIVB in
1987 and became an official Olympic event in the 1996 Atlanta
Games.
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS

       There are several skills that has to be learned before an
individual can play volleyball. These are the passing, setting,
spiking, blocking, service and dig or defense. These skills are
used in combination by the team in order to win a rally.
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS
1. Passing – It is the most basic of volleyball skills and
             commonly used to receive the ball after a serve
             and is usually the first contact of the team after a
             spike.
               * Start in the “Ready Position”
               * Straight arms away from the body
               * Extend legs and move arms from the
                  shoulders
               * Contact the ball on the FOREARMS
               * Finish with hands pointing to the target
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS
2. Setting - A set is an overhead pass used by a player to place the
             ball near the net to assist a spiker in killing the ball. It
             is usually the team’s second contact. Setting is the
             tactical center of volleyball. A setter must be good
             enough to keep the big blockers from dominating the
             net. The setter must feed his or her best hitters while
             also looking for opponent’s blocking weakness.
                 * Start in the ready position facing the target
                 * Spread fingers in the shape of the ball above the
                   head
                 * Form a triangle with thumbs and pointer fingers
                   (hands should not be touching)
                 * Place hands directly in front of the face close to
                   the forehead. This position is called NEUTRAL
                   and is always the starting position for the set.
                 * On contact, set by extending the arms and legs
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS
3. Spiking – The spike is when the ball is hit or smashed
             across the net and into the opponents’ court. It
             is the most powerful shot in volleyball and the
             most effective way to win a rally. A spike is when
             a player jumps and strike the ball with an
             overhand arm swing. Spiking can also be called
              hitting or attacking.
               * Approach steps and two foot jump
               * Both arms swung forward on takeoff
               * Bow and arrow ready position
               * Wrist snap for topspin on contact
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS
4. Blocking – This is the first line of defense in volleyball. The
              objective is to stop a spiked ball from crossing the
              net into the blockers’ court. A block is a combination of
              one, two or three players jumping up with the hands and
              arms reaching above the net in front of the opposing
              player.
                * Seal the net with your hands, thumbs
                  pointing to the ceiling a balls width apart, and
                  arms locked
                * Whenever possible extend your arms across the
                  net (penetration)
                * Keep your shoulders square to the net
                * When you move along the net to block, plant so
                  that you jump straight up an down
                * Land in the same place from where you jump
                * Seal and be square to the net
                * When moving along the net and when jumping, carry
                  the hands at shoulder height.
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS
5. Serving - A serve begins a rally. A player must hit the ball with his
            or her hand over the net to land inside the lines of the
            opponents’ court. Each player gets a chance to serve. A
            new rule means the serve can now touch the net and
            continue into the opponents’ court.
                * With firm wrist, arm toss the ball 18 inches – so that
                  the ball falls to the spot just inside of the lead foot
                  and in line with the hitting shoulder.
                * Elbow and hand are at shoulder height or above
                  throughout the entire serving motion.
                * Shift weight to lead foot, or step forward, as you
                  make contact with the ball.
                * Wrist firm through out the serve.
                * Contact with heel of hand through middle back of
                  the ball.
                * The contact should sound like a “thud”, not a “slap”
                  sound.
                * Hand follows ball to target.
                * Finish with hand alongside or within body line.
VOLLEYBALL SKILLS
6. Dig or Defense – A dig is defined as passing a spiked or hard
                    hit ball. Defensive are often called “diggers”.
                      * Start in the “Ready Position”
                      * Straight arms away from the body
                      * Extend legs and move arms from
                        shoulders
                      * Contact the ball on the FOREARM
                      * Finish with hands pointing to target
The playing court is a rectangle measuring 18 x 9 m,
surrounded by a free zone which is a minimum of 3 m wide on all sides.
On each court, an attack line, whose rear edge is drawn 3m back from
the axis of the center line, marks the front zone.
The ball shall be spherical, made of a flexible leather or synthetic leather
case with a bladder inside made of rubber or a similar material. Its color maybe a
uniform light color, or a combination of colors. Synthetic leather material and color
combinations of balls used in International Official competitions should comply
with FIVB standards. Its circumference is 65-67 cm and its weight is 260-280 g.
Its inside pressure shall be 0.30 to 0. 325 kg/cm2 (4.26 to 4.61 psi) (294.3 to
318.82 mbar or hPa)

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Awesome Volleyball Lecture

  • 1. Assistant Professor FELIX MICHAEL C. SILBOR UST Institute of Physical Education and Athletics
  • 3. WHAT IS VOLLEYBALL? Volleyball is a game played by two teams of 2 to 6 players each on a rectangular playing court divided by a net. The object of the game is to send an inflated ball over the net in order to ground it in the opponent’s court and to prevent the opponents from doing the same. A team is allowed three touches before returning the ball. The ball is put into play by a service, where the ball is hit by a server over the net to the opponents. The rally continues until the ball is grounded on the playing court, goes out of bounds or the other team fails to return it properly. The team winning the rally scores a point. When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and its player rotates one position clockwise.
  • 4. HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL On February 9, 1895, William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director in Holyoke, Massachusetts, USA, created a new game called Mintonette. He intended the game as a pastime to be played indoors and by any number of players. The game resembled some characteristics of tennis and handball. Incidentally, another indoor sport, basketball, was becoming popular in the area, having been invented just sixteen kilometers away in the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, only four years earlier. Mintonette was designed to be an indoor sport less rough than basketball for older members of the YMCA, while still requiring a bit of athletic effort.
  • 5. HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL William G. Morgan wrote down the first rules of the game which called for a net 6ft 6in high, a 25x50ft court, and any number of players. There were nine innings with three serves for each team in each inning and an unlimited number of ball contacts for each team before the ball is sent to the opponents’ court. The game became known as volleyball when an observer named Alfred Halstead, noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at the International YMCA training school. Soon, the game spread rapidly around the USA to various YMCA chapters.
  • 6. HISTORY OF VOLLEYBALL The rules changed over time. In 1916 in the Philippines, the skill and power of the set and spike has been introduced, and four years later a “three hits” rule and a rule against hitting from the back row were established. In the 1917, the game was changed from 21 to 15 points. Modern volleyball now allows hitting from the back row and scoring was changed from 15 to 25 points. Either team can score after each rally. In the 1947, the Fédération Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB), the governing body of the game was founded. Volleyball became an official Olympic event in the 1924 Paris Games. Beach volleyball was sanction by the FIVB in 1987 and became an official Olympic event in the 1996 Atlanta Games.
  • 7. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS There are several skills that has to be learned before an individual can play volleyball. These are the passing, setting, spiking, blocking, service and dig or defense. These skills are used in combination by the team in order to win a rally.
  • 8. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS 1. Passing – It is the most basic of volleyball skills and commonly used to receive the ball after a serve and is usually the first contact of the team after a spike. * Start in the “Ready Position” * Straight arms away from the body * Extend legs and move arms from the shoulders * Contact the ball on the FOREARMS * Finish with hands pointing to the target
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  • 10. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS 2. Setting - A set is an overhead pass used by a player to place the ball near the net to assist a spiker in killing the ball. It is usually the team’s second contact. Setting is the tactical center of volleyball. A setter must be good enough to keep the big blockers from dominating the net. The setter must feed his or her best hitters while also looking for opponent’s blocking weakness. * Start in the ready position facing the target * Spread fingers in the shape of the ball above the head * Form a triangle with thumbs and pointer fingers (hands should not be touching) * Place hands directly in front of the face close to the forehead. This position is called NEUTRAL and is always the starting position for the set. * On contact, set by extending the arms and legs
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  • 12. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS 3. Spiking – The spike is when the ball is hit or smashed across the net and into the opponents’ court. It is the most powerful shot in volleyball and the most effective way to win a rally. A spike is when a player jumps and strike the ball with an overhand arm swing. Spiking can also be called hitting or attacking. * Approach steps and two foot jump * Both arms swung forward on takeoff * Bow and arrow ready position * Wrist snap for topspin on contact
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  • 14. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS 4. Blocking – This is the first line of defense in volleyball. The objective is to stop a spiked ball from crossing the net into the blockers’ court. A block is a combination of one, two or three players jumping up with the hands and arms reaching above the net in front of the opposing player. * Seal the net with your hands, thumbs pointing to the ceiling a balls width apart, and arms locked * Whenever possible extend your arms across the net (penetration) * Keep your shoulders square to the net * When you move along the net to block, plant so that you jump straight up an down * Land in the same place from where you jump * Seal and be square to the net * When moving along the net and when jumping, carry the hands at shoulder height.
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  • 16. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS 5. Serving - A serve begins a rally. A player must hit the ball with his or her hand over the net to land inside the lines of the opponents’ court. Each player gets a chance to serve. A new rule means the serve can now touch the net and continue into the opponents’ court. * With firm wrist, arm toss the ball 18 inches – so that the ball falls to the spot just inside of the lead foot and in line with the hitting shoulder. * Elbow and hand are at shoulder height or above throughout the entire serving motion. * Shift weight to lead foot, or step forward, as you make contact with the ball. * Wrist firm through out the serve. * Contact with heel of hand through middle back of the ball. * The contact should sound like a “thud”, not a “slap” sound. * Hand follows ball to target. * Finish with hand alongside or within body line.
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  • 18. VOLLEYBALL SKILLS 6. Dig or Defense – A dig is defined as passing a spiked or hard hit ball. Defensive are often called “diggers”. * Start in the “Ready Position” * Straight arms away from the body * Extend legs and move arms from shoulders * Contact the ball on the FOREARM * Finish with hands pointing to target
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  • 20. The playing court is a rectangle measuring 18 x 9 m, surrounded by a free zone which is a minimum of 3 m wide on all sides. On each court, an attack line, whose rear edge is drawn 3m back from the axis of the center line, marks the front zone.
  • 21. The ball shall be spherical, made of a flexible leather or synthetic leather case with a bladder inside made of rubber or a similar material. Its color maybe a uniform light color, or a combination of colors. Synthetic leather material and color combinations of balls used in International Official competitions should comply with FIVB standards. Its circumference is 65-67 cm and its weight is 260-280 g. Its inside pressure shall be 0.30 to 0. 325 kg/cm2 (4.26 to 4.61 psi) (294.3 to 318.82 mbar or hPa)