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  1. 1. Communication and Identity<br />“The identity of one changes with how one perceives reality”<br />Rich Murphy © 2009<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  2. 2. “A big Indian and a little Indian are sitting on a log.  The big Indian points to the little Indian and says, &quot;That Indian is my son.&quot;  The little Indian points to the big Indian and says, &quot;That Indian is not my father.&quot;  Both are telling the truth.  How is this possible?”<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  3. 3. The Indian is his mother.  Our schemas often associate Indians as males.<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  4. 4. A schema (singular), as understood in schema theory, represents generic knowledge. A general category (schema) will include slots for all the components, or features, included in it.<br />The concept of Schema was developed by Jean Piaget<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  5. 5. Schemata (plural) are embedded one within another at different levels of abstraction. Relationships among them are conceived to be like webs (rather than hierarchical); thus each one is interconnected with many others.<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  6. 6. Native American<br />History<br />Lifestyles<br />Movie Roles<br />Behaviors<br />Religious Beliefs<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  7. 7. Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />What is the schemata for college?<br />
  8. 8. Schemata allow us to engage in everyday interactions . They enable us to perceive the abstract world so that we can make logical assumptions about how individuals will respond to environmental cues<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  9. 9. They also lead to over-generalizations, misrepresentations, and blatant racism<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  10. 10. So, what influences my schemata?<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  11. 11. OK, But who am I?<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  12. 12. Identity<br />an individual&apos;s comprehension of him or herself as a discrete, separate entity.<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  13. 13. Social Scientific Perspective<br />Our identity is formed in spurts over our lifetime, rather then being one smooth process<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  14. 14. Interpretive Perspective<br />Identities are negotiated, co-created, reinforced and challenged through communication with others.<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  15. 15. Critical Perspective<br />Identities are constrained and oppressed by social structures and institutions<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  16. 16. So, what identities do we manage?<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  17. 17. Who am I?<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  18. 18. What happens when your identity does not match others’ schema?<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  19. 19. What happens when you have conflicting identities?<br />What happens when we have conflicting identities ?<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  20. 20. Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  21. 21. Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  22. 22. Breaking the Schema<br />We never get a second chance to make a first impression<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  23. 23. Time<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  24. 24. Appearance<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  25. 25. Non-Verbals<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  26. 26. Manners<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  27. 27. Empathy<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  28. 28. We all must manage our identities in all of our interactions…<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  29. 29. …yet, we must avoid over-generalizations and dogmatic schemata that lead to racism, oppression, or incivility towards our fellow humans.<br />Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />
  30. 30. Rich Murphy (c) 2009<br />