LiberalismDr. Christopher S. Rice
The American Political  Spectrum is small…
(cc) 2005 Flickr user jurvetsonThe Western Transformation                                  1500-1700
(cc) 2008 Flickr user Peter from Wellington          Organic vs. Mechanistic
(cc) 2008 Flickr user h.koppdelaneyOrganic Worldview
First Nature               (cc) 2006 Flickr user Bruno Monginoux
(cc) 2007 Flickr user autanSecond Nature
The world is a living     world…
Ruach
Gaia
(cc) 2006 Flickr user EuthmanUnrestrained growth isan aberration, undesired
(cc) 2008 Flickr user Ralph BijkerMechanisticWorldview
The world is a“dead” world…          (cc) 2006 Flickr user Caro Wallis
(cc) 2006 Flickr user Wolfgang Kopp         Lack of continuous           growth = death
(cc) 2005 Flickr user Tracy O
(cc) 2007 Flickr user DiodoroThe rise of capitalism
Logical Positivism    Leads to theMechanistic Worldview
Cogito Ergo Sum
MechanisticPhilosophy
Logical Positivism
Is science objective?     Economics?
Human Nature
The Liberal concept of agency is    based on the theory ofpossessive individualism
Possessive Individualism(C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.            (C. B. Mac...
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.2. Freedom from depend...
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.2. Freedom from depend...
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.2. Freedom from depend...
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.2. Freedom from depend...
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.2. Freedom from depend...
Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of   others.2. Freedom from depend...
Liberal Philosophy
4
Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy     Equality        Liberty  Individuality Rationality
Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy     Equality        Liberty  Individuality Rationality
Equality of Opportunity           vs. Equality of Outcome
Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy     Equality        Liberty  Individuality Rationality
Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy     Equality        Liberty  Individuality Rationality
Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy     Equality        Liberty  Individuality Rationality
Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy     Equality        Liberty  Individuality Rationality
Liberal Society
Feudalism   Capitalism
Why a free-marketeconomy is important…
The Pursuit of The Good
Liberal Politics
strict distinction between the state and civil society
The Social Contract
ambivalence about thebenefits of democracy
Government is GREAT!                   Government is BAD!
Utilitarianism
The Principle ofUtility Maximization
(cc) 2008 Flickr user gruntzooki    Government shouldameliorate the effects   of utility maximization
2general conclusions about government
(cc) 2007 Flickr user afroboof Government shouldleave people alone.
Increase democratic    participation                 (cc) 2008 Flickr user Edward DC
John Stuart Mill
Defend and Extend individual liberty
(cc) 2008 Flickr user jukebox 909
Harm Principle Every sane adult should befree to do whatever he or she  wants as long as his or her    actions do not harm...
Natural Rights
UtilitySociety, as a whole, will  benefit if people areallowed to think and act         freely.
Representative democracy  only for the educated,         wealthy?
Neoclassical liberalism         VS.  Welfare Liberalism
Negative VS. Positive      Freedom
Neoclassical liberalism
Social Darwinism
Welfare Liberalism
Government as a POSITIVE     force
Socialism       VS.Welfare Liberalism
(cc) 2008 Flickr user left-handThe Veil ofIgnorance
(cc) 2008 Flickr user Tostie14The Original Position
The Original Position Non-presocial liberal ideas that, if   consensually held, would leadeveryone to accept the equal lib...
4 Ideas ofThe Original Position
Non-RiskyEqual Respect                 Rationality         4 Ideas ofThe Original Position    Mutual                 The V...
Non-RiskyEqual Respect                 Rationality         4 Ideas ofThe Original Position    Mutual                 The V...
Non-RiskyEqual Respect                 Rationality         4 Ideas ofThe Original Position    Mutual                 The V...
Non-RiskyEqual Respect                 Rationality         4 Ideas ofThe Original Position    Mutual                 The V...
Non-RiskyEqual Respect                 Rationality         4 Ideas ofThe Original Position    Mutual                 The V...
Non-RiskyEqual Respect                 Rationality         4 Ideas ofThe Original Position    Mutual                 The V...
2Principles of Justice
Equal Liberty PrincipleThe state must provide the most   extensive system of equal  liberties that is feasible and desirab...
Difference Principle Primary social goods are to be  distributed equally unless an   unequal distribution wouldimprove the...
PROBLEMS
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011

702 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
702
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
95
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

PS 240 Liberalism Spring 2011

  1. 1. LiberalismDr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. The American Political Spectrum is small…
  3. 3. (cc) 2005 Flickr user jurvetsonThe Western Transformation 1500-1700
  4. 4. (cc) 2008 Flickr user Peter from Wellington Organic vs. Mechanistic
  5. 5. (cc) 2008 Flickr user h.koppdelaneyOrganic Worldview
  6. 6. First Nature (cc) 2006 Flickr user Bruno Monginoux
  7. 7. (cc) 2007 Flickr user autanSecond Nature
  8. 8. The world is a living world…
  9. 9. Ruach
  10. 10. Gaia
  11. 11. (cc) 2006 Flickr user EuthmanUnrestrained growth isan aberration, undesired
  12. 12. (cc) 2008 Flickr user Ralph BijkerMechanisticWorldview
  13. 13. The world is a“dead” world… (cc) 2006 Flickr user Caro Wallis
  14. 14. (cc) 2006 Flickr user Wolfgang Kopp Lack of continuous growth = death
  15. 15. (cc) 2005 Flickr user Tracy O
  16. 16. (cc) 2007 Flickr user DiodoroThe rise of capitalism
  17. 17. Logical Positivism Leads to theMechanistic Worldview
  18. 18. Cogito Ergo Sum
  19. 19. MechanisticPhilosophy
  20. 20. Logical Positivism
  21. 21. Is science objective? Economics?
  22. 22. Human Nature
  23. 23. The Liberal concept of agency is based on the theory ofpossessive individualism
  24. 24. Possessive Individualism(C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  25. 25. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  26. 26. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others.2. Freedom from dependence on others means freedom from any relations with others except those relations which the individual enters voluntarily with a view to his own interest. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  27. 27. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others.2. Freedom from dependence on others means freedom from any relations with others except those relations which the individual enters voluntarily with a view to his own interest.3. The individual is essentially the proprietor of his or her own person and capacities, for which he or she owes nothing to society. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  28. 28. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others.2. Freedom from dependence on others means freedom from any relations with others except those relations which the individual enters voluntarily with a view to his own interest.3. The individual is essentially the proprietor of his or her own person and capacities, for which he or she owes nothing to society.4. Although an individual cannot alienate the whole of his property in his own person, he may alienate his capacity to labor. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  29. 29. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others.2. Freedom from dependence on others means freedom from any relations with others except those relations which the individual enters voluntarily with a view to his own interest.3. The individual is essentially the proprietor of his or her own person and capacities, for which he or she owes nothing to society.4. Although an individual cannot alienate the whole of his property in his own person, he may alienate his capacity to labor.5. Human society consists of a series of market relations – Since the individual is human only in so far as free, and free only in so far as proprietor of him- or herself, human society can only be a series of relations between sole proprietors, i.e., a series of market relations. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  30. 30. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others.2. Freedom from dependence on others means freedom from any relations with others except those relations which the individual enters voluntarily with a view to his own interest.3. The individual is essentially the proprietor of his or her own person and capacities, for which he or she owes nothing to society.4. Although an individual cannot alienate the whole of his property in his own person, he may alienate his capacity to labor.5. Human society consists of a series of market relations – Since the individual is human only in so far as free, and free only in so far as proprietor of him- or herself, human society can only be a series of relations between sole proprietors, i.e., a series of market relations.6. Since freedom from the wills of others is what makes one human, each individualʼs freedom can rightfully be limited only by such obligations and rules as are necessary to secure the same freedom for others. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  31. 31. Possessive Individualism1. What makes one human is freedom from dependence on the wills of others.2. Freedom from dependence on others means freedom from any relations with others except those relations which the individual enters voluntarily with a view to his own interest.3. The individual is essentially the proprietor of his or her own person and capacities, for which he or she owes nothing to society.4. Although an individual cannot alienate the whole of his property in his own person, he may alienate his capacity to labor.5. Human society consists of a series of market relations – Since the individual is human only in so far as free, and free only in so far as proprietor of him- or herself, human society can only be a series of relations between sole proprietors, i.e., a series of market relations.6. Since freedom from the wills of others is what makes one human, each individualʼs freedom can rightfully be limited only by such obligations and rules as are necessary to secure the same freedom for others.7. Political society is a human contrivance for the protection of the individualʼs property in his person and goods, and (therefore) for the maintenance of orderly relations of exchange between individuals regarded as proprietors of themselves. (C. B. Macpherson, The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism)
  32. 32. Liberal Philosophy
  33. 33. 4
  34. 34. Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy Equality Liberty Individuality Rationality
  35. 35. Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy Equality Liberty Individuality Rationality
  36. 36. Equality of Opportunity vs. Equality of Outcome
  37. 37. Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy Equality Liberty Individuality Rationality
  38. 38. Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy Equality Liberty Individuality Rationality
  39. 39. Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy Equality Liberty Individuality Rationality
  40. 40. Four Elements of Liberal Philosophy Equality Liberty Individuality Rationality
  41. 41. Liberal Society
  42. 42. Feudalism Capitalism
  43. 43. Why a free-marketeconomy is important…
  44. 44. The Pursuit of The Good
  45. 45. Liberal Politics
  46. 46. strict distinction between the state and civil society
  47. 47. The Social Contract
  48. 48. ambivalence about thebenefits of democracy
  49. 49. Government is GREAT! Government is BAD!
  50. 50. Utilitarianism
  51. 51. The Principle ofUtility Maximization
  52. 52. (cc) 2008 Flickr user gruntzooki Government shouldameliorate the effects of utility maximization
  53. 53. 2general conclusions about government
  54. 54. (cc) 2007 Flickr user afroboof Government shouldleave people alone.
  55. 55. Increase democratic participation (cc) 2008 Flickr user Edward DC
  56. 56. John Stuart Mill
  57. 57. Defend and Extend individual liberty
  58. 58. (cc) 2008 Flickr user jukebox 909
  59. 59. Harm Principle Every sane adult should befree to do whatever he or she wants as long as his or her actions do not harm, or threaten to harm, others.
  60. 60. Natural Rights
  61. 61. UtilitySociety, as a whole, will benefit if people areallowed to think and act freely.
  62. 62. Representative democracy only for the educated, wealthy?
  63. 63. Neoclassical liberalism VS. Welfare Liberalism
  64. 64. Negative VS. Positive Freedom
  65. 65. Neoclassical liberalism
  66. 66. Social Darwinism
  67. 67. Welfare Liberalism
  68. 68. Government as a POSITIVE force
  69. 69. Socialism VS.Welfare Liberalism
  70. 70. (cc) 2008 Flickr user left-handThe Veil ofIgnorance
  71. 71. (cc) 2008 Flickr user Tostie14The Original Position
  72. 72. The Original Position Non-presocial liberal ideas that, if consensually held, would leadeveryone to accept the equal liberty and difference principles as the basis for mutually beneficial social cooperation.
  73. 73. 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position
  74. 74. Non-RiskyEqual Respect Rationality 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position Mutual The Veil ofDisinterested- Ignorance ness
  75. 75. Non-RiskyEqual Respect Rationality 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position Mutual The Veil ofDisinterested- Ignorance ness
  76. 76. Non-RiskyEqual Respect Rationality 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position Mutual The Veil ofDisinterested- Ignorance ness
  77. 77. Non-RiskyEqual Respect Rationality 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position Mutual The Veil ofDisinterested- Ignorance ness
  78. 78. Non-RiskyEqual Respect Rationality 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position Mutual The Veil ofDisinterested- Ignorance ness
  79. 79. Non-RiskyEqual Respect Rationality 4 Ideas ofThe Original Position Mutual The Veil ofDisinterested- Ignorance ness
  80. 80. 2Principles of Justice
  81. 81. Equal Liberty PrincipleThe state must provide the most extensive system of equal liberties that is feasible and desirable. All individuals must enjoy the greatest degree of liberty consistent with the enjoyment of like liberty by everyone else.
  82. 82. Difference Principle Primary social goods are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution wouldimprove the welfare of the least well-off in society.
  83. 83. PROBLEMS

×