PS 240 Anarchism Spring 2011

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PS 240 Anarchism Spring 2011

  1. 1. AnarchismDr. Christopher S. Rice
  2. 2. “I must tell you first of all what anarchismis not. It is not bombs, disorder, or chaos.It is not robbery or murder. It is not a warof each against all. It is not a return tobarbarism or to the wild state of man.Anarchism is the very opposite of all that.”– Alexander Berkman, American anarchist,1929
  3. 3. ?
  4. 4. Anarchism The philosophy of a new social order based on liberty unrestricted by man-made law; the theory that all forms ofgovernment rest on violence andare therefore wrong and harmful, as well as unnecessary.
  5. 5. Enragés
  6. 6. Order is the genus:Government is the species
  7. 7. anarchos
  8. 8. Anarchism is not as systematic anideology as liberalism or Marxism
  9. 9. LibertyEqualitySolidarity
  10. 10. LiberalismAnarchism Marxism
  11. 11. freedom and equality are complementary, not contradictory
  12. 12. Progress & History
  13. 13. Linear
  14. 14. Dialectic
  15. 15. Dualistic
  16. 16. HOPE, not certainty
  17. 17. A little of column A,A little of column B
  18. 18. The Individual and Society
  19. 19. The individual is the basic unit of society…
  20. 20. …but full humanity can onlybe achieved by membership in a community/ society.
  21. 21. Individual-in-Community
  22. 22. “Religion! How it dominates man’s mind, how ithumiliates and degrades his soul. God is everything,man is nothing, says religion. But out of thatnothing God has created a kingdom so despotic, sotyrannical, so cruel, so terribly exacting that naughtbut gloom and tears and blood have ruled the worldsince gods began. Anarchism rouses man torebellion against this black monster. Break yourmental fetters, says anarchism to man, for not untilyou think and judge for yourself will you get rid ofthe dominion of darkness, the greatest obstacle toall progress.” - Emma Goldman
  23. 23. ThePublic Goods Game
  24. 24. Human Nature
  25. 25. 2basic impulses
  26. 26. “Kill the social sense in man – andyou get a savage orangutan; killegoism in him and he will become atame monkey.”- Alexander Herzen
  27. 27. Self-interested impulse to subdue others for individual purposes
  28. 28. An impulse to help others (Mutual Aid)
  29. 29. Human Malleability
  30. 30. HOPE
  31. 31. Goals
  32. 32. Anarchism “seeks the completedevelopment of individualitycombined with the highestdevelopment of voluntaryassociation in all respects, in allpossible degrees for all imaginableends.”~Kropotkin
  33. 33. The highest level of individualfreedom possible for theindividual, the fulfillment of eachindividual’s full human potential,while at the same time developinghuman society to the highestdegree possible.
  34. 34. The Problem of The State
  35. 35. “Of all the things which interferewith the free activity of theindividual, which reduce libertyand compel us to act in waysdifferent from those we wouldchoose, the most powerful andpervasive is the state.” (Jennings)
  36. 36. The essential function of the stateis to maintain the existinginequalities in society…
  37. 37. The Problem ofPrivate Property
  38. 38. Godwin: each article of propertyought to belong to the individualwhose possession of it would yieldthe greatest good for the greatestnumber; thus, property should bedistributed according to claims ofneed.
  39. 39. “Property is Theft” (Proudhon)
  40. 40. “The only demand that propertyrecognizes is its own gluttonousappetite for greater wealth,because wealth means power; thepower to subdue, to crush, toexploit, the power to enslave, tooutrage, to degrade.”- Emma Goldman
  41. 41. The Problem ofDemocracy
  42. 42. “All voting is a sort of gaming, likecheckers, or backgammon, a playing withright and wrong; its obligation neverexceeds that of expediency. Even votingfor the right thing does nothing for it. Awise man will not leave the right to themercy of chance, nor wish it to prevailthrough the power of the majority.” - Henry David Thoreau
  43. 43. Decision-making by Consensus
  44. 44. The Problem ofConventional Institutions
  45. 45. 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation
  46. 46. 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation
  47. 47. 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation
  48. 48. 4 Approaches to Anarchism• Armed and Violent Revolution• Civil Disobedience• Propaganda by the Deed• Transvaluation

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