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Dwarf Planet PLUTO 2015


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Once considered as a planet, get to know more about this little thing to be visited this June 2015.

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Dwarf Planet PLUTO 2015

  1. 1. PLUTO PREPAREDBY: Ric Angelo Dagdagan BEEd 3A
  2. 2. DWARF PLANET • Pluto is called a dwarf planet • A dwarf planet is round and orbits the sun just like the eight major planets. • a dwarf planet does not have enough gravity to attract all of the space dust and tiny objects in its path. • A dwarf planet also is much smaller than a planet, but it is not a moon.
  3. 3. PLUTO FACTS • Pluto is the only dwarf planet to once have been considered a major planet • Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet in 2006 • American astronomer Percival Lowell first caught hints of Pluto's existence in 1905 • Its discovery came in 1930 from Clyde Tombaugh at the Lowell Observatory
  4. 4. • Before it was officially called as Pluto, it was named as “Planet X” • Pluto is also called “plutoid” which means a dwarf planet farther out the in space than the planet Neptune.
  5. 5. How it was named? • Pluto was named after the Roman god of the underworld • Which Roman god to name it after was decided by Venita Burney, an 11 year old schoolgirl.
  6. 6. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS • Pluto has an estimated diameter less than one-fifth that of Earth or only about two-thirds as wide as Earth's moon • The planets’ surface conditions probably consist of a rocky core surrounded by a mantle of water ice, with more exotic ices such as methane and nitrogen frost coating its surface
  7. 7. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS • Pluto's orbit is highly eccentric, or far from circular, which means its distance from the sun can vary considerably and at times, Pluto’s orbit will take it within the orbit of the planet Neptune.
  8. 8. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS • Pluto's orbit is highly eccentric, or far from circular • Pluto's low gravity, which is a little more than one-twentieth that of Earth's, causes this atmosphere to extend much higher in altitude than Earth's. • Pluto's surface is one of the coldest places in the solar system at roughly minus 375 degrees F (minus 225 degrees C).
  9. 9. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS • When compared with past images, the Hubble pictures revealed that Pluto had apparently grown redder over time, apparently due to seasonal changes.
  10. 10. ORBIT AND ROTATION • Pluto's highly elliptical orbit can take it more than 49 times as far out from the sun as Earth
  11. 11. ATMOSPHERE • During Pluto’s elliptical when Pluto is closer to the Sun its surface ice thaws and forms a thin atmosphere primarily of nitrogen with a little methane and carbon monoxide. • The dominating gas in Pluto's atmosphere is nitrogen. Carbon monoxide and methane are also present. • Its atmosphere resembles Neptune's moon, Triton, which boasts clouds and winds.
  12. 12. SURFACE OF PLUTO • Pluto's composition bears a greater resemblance to the rocky terrestrial planets than the gas giants that are its neighbours • dominated by ices, with some rock mixed in • 70 percent rock and 30 percent water ice.
  13. 13. INSIDE OF PLUTO • Pluto likely boasts a rocky core. Surrounded by a mantle of water ice. • They determined that Pluto's interior has most likely separated out, with rock falling to the center while the lighter ices remained at the exterior. • Pluto lies in the distant Kuiper Belt, with similar rock-and-ice bodies • Pluto contains potassium under its surface.
  15. 15. CHARON • Pluto had a very large moon nearly half its size - Charon. • The huge size of Charon sometimes leads scientists to refer to Pluto and Charon as a double dwarf planet or binary system. • Pluto and Charon are just 12,200 miles (19,640 km) apart.
  16. 16. • It is widely believed that Pluto and Charon are a double dwarf planet because they’re so similar in size (almost a 1:2 size ratio!) • the theory suggests Pluto and Charon share a common center of gravity Double Planet Theory
  17. 17. NIX AND HYDRA • 2005 using Hubble Space Telescope discovered two other tiny moons of Pluto, now dubbed Nix and Hydra • These are two to three times farther away from Pluto than Charon, and they are thought to be just 31 to 62 miles (50 to 100 km) wide.
  18. 18. KERBEROS AND STYX • Hubble discovered a fourth moon, Kerberos, in 2011 • estimated to be 8 to 21 miles (13 to 34 km) in diameter • On July 11, 2012, a fifth moon Styx,
  19. 19. Research & exploration • NASA's New Horizons mission will be the first probe to study Pluto, its moons, and other worlds within the Kuiper Belt. • It was launched on January 2006, making its closest approach to Pluto on July 2015, and carries some of the ashes of Pluto's discoverer, Clyde Tombaugh
  20. 20. “PLUTO SONG”Tune” It’s All About that Bass” BY: Ric Angelo M. Dagdagan
  21. 21. Because we know it’s all about Pluto Maliit... na Planet It’s all about Pluto Na dating... 9th Planet It’s all about Pluto Na ngayon dwarf planet It’s all about Pluto... totoo... it’s Pluto!
  22. 22. Yeah it’s pretty clear, it’s ain’t no Earth size Hindi dahil malayo Pero normal na yan Yeah got that boom moons rotate around it. All the right junk and all the right places
  23. 23. It’s not Jovian Planet because it’s not that big It lies on Kuiper Belt, it’s so far far away Kung may alam ka dito, just raise it up Every inch of its detail ay ‘di pa ganun ka clear.
  24. 24. Yah may mama she told me yung inside ay rocky core... And ang surface ay dominated nga daw ng yelo... We know wala din ring ang Pluto na ibang term – plutoid... And if that’s what we into then go head and move
  25. 25. QUIZ
  26. 26. 1. It is an another term for a dwarf planet that is farther out in space than the planet Neptune like Pluto . 2. He was hired at the Lowell Observatory in Arizona to search for the mysterious object or planet, he is the discoverer of this Pluto . 3. When was the Pluto reclassified as a dwarf planet ? (What YEAR?) . 4. What is the name of the theory that suggests Pluto and Charon share a common center of gravity? .
  27. 27. 5. The next Planet after Neptune is Pluto and before it was officially discovered and under the study of astronomers it was named as the . 6. It is the first probe to study Pluto and its moons, and expected to approach the planet this year 2015 . 7. A type of planet that does not have enough gravity to attract all of the space dust and tiny objects in its path . 8-10 Give at least 3 moons of the planet Pluto.
  28. 28. ANSWER