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Learning Disability- Dyscalculia Awareness 2015

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Report on Special Education by 4th AB Psychology Majors 2015 from University of Saint Louis Tuguegarao

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Learning Disability- Dyscalculia Awareness 2015

  1. 1. - is a specific learning disability (or difficulty) in mathematics. -Severe difficulty in making arithmetical calculations, as a result of brain disorder. -it goes by many names. Some public schools refer to it as a “mathematics learning disability.” -Doctors sometimes call it a “mathematics disorder.” Many kids and parents call it “math dyslexia.”
  2. 2. It was originally defined by the Czechoslovakia researcher, Kosc, as a difficulty in mathematics as a result of impairment to particular parts of the brain involved in mathematical cognition, but without a general difficulty in cognitive function.
  3. 3. Dyscalculia was first discovered in 1919 by Salomon Henschen, a Swedish neurologist. He found that it was possible for a person to have impaired mathematical abilities that did not affect intelligence in general.
  4. 4. Kids identified with dyslexia would also meet the criteria for dyscalculia. Both conditions can affect a child’s ability to understand math-related words. An estimated 6 to 7 percent of elementary school children may have dyscalculia. 56 percent of kids with a reading disorder also have poor math achievement. 43 percent of kids with a math disability have poor reading skills.
  5. 5. Genes and heredity Brain development Environment Brain injury
  6. 6. Brain bases of dyscalculia Dyscalculic children - less grey matter in IPS (Rotzer et al., 2008) Dyscalculic adults –less grey matter in IPS(Isaacs, Edmonds & Lucas, 2001)
  7. 7. The Brain and Math 1. Left Angular Gyrus 2. Left Intraparietal Sulcus 3. Right Intraparietal Sulcus
  8. 8. Genes and heredity Brain development Environment Brain injury
  9. 9. English Pronunciation 1 yi 2 er 3 san 4 si 5 wu 6 liu 7 qi 8 ba 9 jiu 10 shi
  10. 10. •Quantitative dyscalculia •Qualitative dyscalculia •Intermediate dyscalculia 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 . . . .
  11. 11. •Verbal dyscalculia 3 3 3 •Practognostic dyscalculia.
  12. 12. •Lexical dyscalculia 21 = 12 6 = 9 5007 as "five hundred seven” 576 as "five seven six"
  13. 13. •Graphical dyscalculia 5731 as “5000700301” 5073 as 573
  14. 14. •Ideognostical dyscalculia .
  15. 15. •Operational dyscalculia + - / x
  16. 16. Warning Signs in Preschool or Kindergarten •Has trouble learning to count •Has trouble recognizing number symbols •Struggles to connect a number to amount of things 4 7 to “seven”
  17. 17. Warning Signs in Preschool or Kindergarten •Has trouble remembering numbers, and skips numbers •Finds it hard to recognize patterns and sort items by size, shape or color Warning Signs in Preschool or Kindergarten
  18. 18. •Struggles to apply math concepts to everyday life •Has trouble measuring things •Struggles with finding his way around and worries about getting lost
  19. 19. •Has hard time grasping information shown on graphs or charts •Lacks confidence in activities that require estimating speed and distance
  20. 20. English Pronunciation 1 yi 2 er 3 san 4 si 5 wu 6 liu 7 qi 8 ba 9 jiu 10 shi
  21. 21. Social skills Sense of direction Physical coordination Money management Time management
  22. 22. • Dyslexia • ADHD • Math anxiety • Genetic disorders
  23. 23. American actress Mary Tyler Moore
  24. 24. Actor, author and the "nicest guy in Hollywood" Henry Winkler
  25. 25. For me, dyscalculia is like trying to find a station on a short- wave radio: occasionally I'll catch it, but I have to listen and concentrate hard to hear and understand, and then it goes to static again. -Jennifer

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