-Representations of direct reality, which comes in the form of signs
and symbols.The visual aids are what help the students understand
what the lesson is all about.
-There are different kinds of visual symbols. These include drawings,
cartoons, strip drawings, diagrams, charts, graphs and maps.
- Another kind of visual symbol. It tells
its story metaphorically. The perfect
cartoon needs no caption. The
symbolism conveys the message.
-It could also be used as a springboard
for a lesson or a concluding activity.
C. STRIP DRAWINGS
-commonly called comics or
comic strip. It is educational and
entertaining at the same time.
- it could also serve as
motivation and a starter of a lesson.
It can also be given as an activity for
students to express insights gained at
he conclusion of a lesson.
D. DIAGRAMS drawing
- Any line
arrangement and relations as of parts to the
whole, relative values, origins and development,
chronological fluctuations, distributions, etc. –
The word GRAPH is sometimes used as
a synonym for diagram.
- used to cluster complex apparently
unrelated data into natural and
- is a tool that gathers large amounts
of language data (ideas, opinions, issues)
and organizes them into groupings based
on their natural relationships .
- Used to chart out, in increasing
details, the various tasks that must be
accomplished to complete a project or
achieve a specific objective.
- Also called cause-and-effect diagram.
It is a structured form of brainstorming
that graphically shows the relationship
of possible causes and sub causes directly
related to an identified effect/problem.
It is most commonly used to analyze
- diagrammatic representation of
relationships within an organizations.
• Time Chart
• Tree or Stream Chart
• Flow Chart
• Organizational Chart
• Comparison and Contrast Chart
• Pareto Chart
- tabular time chart that
presents data in ordinal sequence.
Tree or Stream Chart
-depicts development, growth
and change by beginning with a
simple course with spread outs into
- visual way of charting or
showing a process from beginning
to end. It is a means of analyzing a
process. By outlining every step in
a process, you can begin to find
inefficiencies or problems.
- shows how one part of the
organization relates to other
parts of the organization.
Comparison and Contrast Chart
A compare and contrast
chart used to evaluate
the similarities and
differences between two
subject or objects.
- type of bar chart,
prioritized in descending order
of magnitude or importance
from left to right.
- pictures that help us
These amounts are
- is shaped like a circle. It is
divided into fractions that look
like pieces of pie, so sometimes a
circle graph is called a pie graph.
Many times the fractional parts
are different colors and a key
explains the colors.
- uses bars to show data. The
bars can be vertical (up and
down), or horizontal (across). The
data can be in words or
Auses pictures or symbols to show
- Picture Graph
data. One picture often stands for
more than one vote so a key is
necessary to understand the
-you met several
graphic organizers in
your subject, principles
• SCALE- shows how much of the actual
earth’s surface is represented by a
given measurement on a map. The
scale must be shown so thet the map
reader can use the distances and
areas shown on the map.
1 inch = 15 statute miles
SYMBOLS- usually a map has a legend
that explains what each symbol
means. Some symbols represent
• COLOR- the different colors of the map
are part of the map language.
GEOGRAPHIC GRIDS- the entire system of
these grid lines are called grid lines. These
grid lines are called mrridians and parallels.
Meridian-north to south pole line.
Parallels- lines drawn around a globe with
Longitude- distance in degrees of any place
east or west of the prime meridian.
Latitude- distance in degrees of any place
north and south of the equator.
Ricalyn T. Obal
Mary Gene I. Panes