Definition A number of persons with similar goals,expectations,values who interact with each other
Benefits Why do person become part of a group? To get an identity andhave a purpose in life To achieve personal or specific goals Companionship and communication Emotional and physical security Get an avenue to be a leader and make decision To get status To learn and teach certain standards of behaviour
Characteristics Members have common needs ,interest,goals and objectiv es Members cooperate with others to achive objectives Members are rewarded or punished There are specific ways of communicating with each other There is a structure whether formal or informal Establish patterns of behaviour espressed through rituals and ceremonies Persons become members voluntarily or involuntarily T here are marks of identity expressed through uniforms,badges language etc.
Types pf groups Groups Primary Group, Secondary Group ,Peer Group, In Group Out Group, Involuntary Group, Voluntary Group, Refweree Group
Definitions Primary Group -Contains only a small number of persons.As well as it members know each intimately and there is face to face interaaction Secondary Group-Contains alarge number of persons.Members do not know each other intimately and there is not much or any face to face interaction
Formal Group -A group in which rules and procedures of operation are written down Informal Group – A group in which procedures and operations are not written down
Voluntary Groups- These are groups in which there members were not forced to join them.They also provide a service to those in need without been paid to. Involuntary Groups- These are groups in which there mebers were forced to join them
Peer Group- Contains mebers of the same age an social background Ingroup- Groups in which members have a form of Identity which excludes others.For example badges,names or a specific way of dressing.Those who do not belong to the group is called an outgroup